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Western Europe | Frankreich | 1871-1914
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Treaty between France and Germany
(Hertslet, iii, No.446)

Article I. The distance between the Town of Belfort and the Line of the Frontier, such as it has been proposed during the negotiations if Versailles, and such as it is marked on the Map annexed to the Ratifications of the Preliminaries of the 26th February, is considered as describing the Radius which, by virtue of the Clause relating thereto in Article I of the Preliminaries, is to remain to France with the Town and Fortifications of Belfort.
The German Government is disposed to extend that Radius so as to include the Cantons of Belfort, Delle, and Giromagny, as well as the western part of the Canton of Fontaine, to the west of a line to be traced from the spot where the Canal from the Rhone to the Rhine leaves the Canton of Delle to the South of Montreux-Chateau, to the Northern Limits of the Canton between Bourg and Felon where that Line would join the Eastern Limit of the Canton of Giromagny.
The German Government will nevertheless, not cede the above Territories unless the Drench Government agrees, on its part, to a rectification of Frontier along the Western Limits of the Cantons of Cattenon and Thionville which will give to Germany the Territory to the East of a Line starting from the Frontier of Luxemburg between Hussigny and Redingen, leaving to France the Villages of Thil and Villerupt, extending between Erronville amd Aumetz, between Beuvillers and Boulange, between Trieux and Lomeringen, and joining the ancient Line of Frontier between Avril and Moyeuvre. (p.105)
The International Commission, mentioned in Article I of the Preliminaries, shall proceed to the spot immediately after the Ratification of the present Treaty to execute the works entrusted to them and to trace the new Frontier, in accordance with the preceding dispositions.

Article II. French Subjects, Natives of the ceded Territories, actually domiciled on that Territory, who shall desire to preserve their Nationality, shall up to the 1st October, 1872, and on their making a previous Declaration to that effect to the Competent Authority, be allowed to change their domicile into France and to remain there, that right in nowise infringing on the Laws on Military Service, in which case the title of French Citizen shall be maintained.
They shall be at liberty to preserve their Immovables situated in the Territory united to Germany.
No Inhabitant of the ceded Territory shall be prosecuted, annoyed, or sought for, either in his person or his property, on account of his Political or Military Acts previous to the War.

Article III. The French Government shall deliver over to the German Government the Archives, Documents, and Registers relating to the Civil, Military, and Judicial Administration of the ceded Territories. Should any of the Documents be found missing, they shall be restored by the French Government on the demand of the German Government.

Article IV. The French Government shall make over to the Government of the Empire of Germany within the term of 6 Months dating from the exchange of the Ratifications of this Treaty: (1) The amount of the sum deposited by the Departments, Communes, and Public Establishments of the ceded Territories. (2) The (p.106) amount of the premium of Enlistment and Discharge belonging to Soldiers and Sailors natives of the ceded Territory who shall have chosen the German Nationality. (3) The Amount of Security of responsible Agents of the State. (4) The Amount of Sums deposited for Judicial Conseignments on account of measures taken by the Administrative or Judicial Authorities in the ceded Territories.

Article V. The two Nations shall enjoy equal privileges as far as regards the Navigation of the Moselle, the Canal of the Marne to the Rhine, the Canal of the Rhone to the Rhine, the Canal of the Sarre and the Navigable Waters communicating with those channels of Navigation. The Right of Floatage shall be maintained.

Article VI. The High Contracting Parties being of opinion that the Diocesan circumscriptions of the Territories ceded to the German Empire must agree with the new Frontier determined upon by Article I above, will consider, without delay, after the Ratification of the present Treaty, upon the measures to be taken in common on the subject.
The Communities belonging either to the Reformed Church or to the Augsburg Confession, established on the Territories ceded by France, shall cease to be under French Ecclesiastical Authority.
The Communities of the Church of the Augsburg Congession established in the French Territories shall cease to be under the Superior Consistories and of the Directors residing at Strasburg.
The Jewish Communities of the Territories situated to the East of the new Frontier shall cease to depend on the Central Jewish Consistory residing at Paris.

Article VII. The payment of 500,000,000 (1/2 milliard) shall be made within 30 days after the re-establishment (p.107) of the Authority of the French Government in the City of Paris. 1,000,000,000 (1 milliard) shall be paid in the course of the year, and 500,000,000 (1/2 milliard) on the 1st May, 1872. The last 3,000,000,000 (3 milliards) shall remain payable on the 2nd March, 1874, as stipulated in the Preliminary Treaty. From the 2nd March of the present year the Interest on those 3,000,000,000 francs (3 milliards) shall be paid each year on the 3rd March, at the rate of 5 per cent. per annum.
All sums paid in advance on the last 3,000,000,000 shall cease to bear Interest from the day on which the payment is made.
The payment can only be made in the principal German Commercial Towns, and shall be made in metal, Gold or Silver, in Prussian Bank Notes, in Netherlands Bank Notes, in Notes of the National Bank of Belgium, in first class Negotiable Bills to Order or Letters of Exchange, payable at sight.
The German Government having fixed in France the value of a Prussian Thaler at 3 francs 75 centimes, the French Government accepts the conversion of the Moneys of both Countries at the rate above stated.
The French Government will inform the German Government, 3 months in advance, of all payments which it intends to make into the Treasury of the German Empire.
After the payment of the first 500,000,000 (1/2 milliard) and the Ratification of the Definitive Treaty of Peace, the Departments of the Somme, Seine-Inferieure, and Eure shall be evacuated in so far as they shall be found to be still occupied by German Troops. The Evacuation of the Departments of the Oise, Seine-et-Oise, Seine-et-Marne, and Seine, as well as the Forts of Paris, shall take place so soon as the German Government shall consider (p.108) the re-establishment of Order, both in France and Germany, sufficient to ensure the execution of the Engagements contracted by France.
Under all circumstances, the Evacuation shall take place after the payment of the third 500,000,000 (1/2 milliard).
The German Troops, for their own security, shall have at their disposal the Neutral Zone netween the German line of Demarcation and the Paris enclosure on the Right Bank of the Seine.
The stipulations of the Treaty of 26th February relative to the occupation of French Territories after the payment of the 2,000,000,000 (2 milliards), shall remain in force. None of the deductions which the French Government might have a right to make shall be made on the payment of the first 500,000,000 (1/2 milliard).

Article VIII. German Troops shall continue to abstain from levying contributions either in kind or money in the occupied Territories; that obligation on their part being correlative to the obligations contracted for their maintenance by the French Government, in case the French Government, notwithstanding the reiterated demands of the German Government, was behindhand in the execution of the said obligations, the German Troops will have the right to procure what is necessary to their wants by levying Taxes and Contributions in the occupied Departments, and even outside of them, should their resources not be sufficient.
With reference to the Maintenance of the German Troops, the system actually in Force shall be continued until the Evacuation of the Paris Forts.
In virtue of the Convention of Ferrieres, of 11th March, 1871, the reductions pointed out by that Convention shall be put into force after the Evacuation of the Forts. (p.109)
As soon as the effective of the German Army shall be reduced below the number of 500,000 men, account shall be taken of the reductions made below that number to establish a proportionate diminution in the price of the Maintenance of the Troops paid by the French Government.

Article IX. The exceptional Treatment at present granted to the Produce of the Industry of the ceded Territories for Imports into France, shall be continued for 6 months, from the 1st March, under the conditions made with the Commissioners of Alsace.

Article X. The German Government shall continue to deliver up Prisoners of War, making arrangements with the French Government. The French Government shall send to their homes such of the Prisoners as can be discharged. As for those who shall not have completed their term of service, they shall be sent beyond the Loire. It is understood that the Army of Paris and Versailles, after the re-establishment of the authority of the French Government at Paris, and until the Evacuation of the Forts by the German Troops, shall not exceed 80,000 men. Until that evacuation, the French Government shall not concentrate Troops on the Right Bank of the Loire, but it shall provide Garrisons in the Towns within that circuit, according to the necessities for the maintenance of Public Order and Peace.
As the Evacuation shall proceed, the Commanders of Regiments shall agree together as to a Neutral Circuit between the Armies of the two Nations.
20,000 Prisoners shall be sent without delay to Lyons on condition that they are immediately sent to Algiers, after their organization, to be employed in that colony.

Article XI. The Treaties of Commerce with the (p.110) different States of Germany have been annulled by the War, the French Government and the German Government will adopt as the basis of their Commercial Relations the system of reciprocal Treatment on the footing of the Most favoured Nation.
There are included therein Import and Export Duties, Transit Dues, Customs Formalities, the admission and treatment of both Nations as well as their Agents.
There shall nevertheless be expected from the above Rule the favours which one of the Contracting Parties has granted or may grant, by Treaties of Commerce, to other States than the following : Great Britain, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Russia.
The Treaties of Navigation as well as the Convention relative to the International Service of Railways in the relation with the Customs, and the Convention for the reciprocal Guarantee of property in Literary and Artistic Works, shall be renewed.
The French Government nevertheless reserves to itself the right of levying Tonnage and Shipping Duties (Droit de Pavillon) on German Vessels and their Cargoes, under the reservation that those Duties shall not be higher than those imposed on Vessels and Cargoes of the abovementioned Nations.

Article XII. All expelled Geremans shall preserve the full and entire enjoyment of all Property which they may have acquired in France.
Such Germans who had obtained the authority required by French Laws to establish their Domicile in France shall be reinstated in all their Rights, and may consequently again establish their Domicile in French Territory.
The delay stipulated by French Laws to obtain Naturalization shall be considered as not having been (p.111) interrupted by the state of War for persons who shall take advantage of the above-mentioned facility of returning to France within 6 months after the exchange of Ratifications of this Treaty, and the time which has elapsed between their expulsion and their return to the French Territory shall be taken into account, as if they had never ceased to reside in France.
The above conditions shall be applicable in perfect reciprocity to the French subjects residing, or wishing to reside, in Germany.

Article XIII. German Vessels condemned by Prize Courts before the 2nd March, 1871, shall be considered as definitively condemned.
Those not condemned at the above-mentioned date shall be restored with the Cargoes in so far as it still exists. If the restoration of the Vessels and Cargo is no more possible, their value, fixed according to the price of the sale, shall be restored to their Owners.

Article XIV. Each of the two Parties shall continue on his Territory the Works undertaken for the Canalization of the Moselle. The Common Interest of the separate parts of the two Departments of the Meurthe and the Moselle shall be liquidated.

Article XV. The High Contracting Parties, mutually engage to extend to their respective Subjects the measures which they may consider necessary to adopt in favour of those of their Subjects who, in consequence of the events of the War, may have been prevented from arriving in time for the safety or the preservation of their Rights.

Article XVI. The two Governments, French and German, reciprocally engage to respect and preserve the Tombs of the Soldiers buried in their respective Territories. (p.112)

Additional Article.

Article III. The Cession of Territory near Belfort, offered by the German Government in Article I of this prresent Treaty in exchange for the rectification of the Frontier required to the West of Thionville, shall be increased by the Territories of the following Villages : Rougemont, Leval, Petite-Fontaine, Romagny, Felon, Riviere, Grasige, Reppe, Fontaine, Frais, Foussemagne, Cunelieres, Montreux-Chateau, Brelagne, Chavannes-les-Grands, Chavanatte, and Suarce.
The Giromagny and Remiremont Road, thoroughfare to the Ballon d'Alsace, shall remain to France throughout its whole extent, and shall serve as a Limit in so far as it is situated outside of the Canton of Giromagny.


R.B. Mowat, Select Treaties and Documents 1815-1916, Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1916, pp.104-112

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