Primary Source
18th/19th C. | International | England
18th/19th C. | International | Denmark
18th/19th C. | International | Sweden
18th/19th C. | International | Netherlands
18th/19th C. | International | France
18th/19th C. | International | Germany
Declaration by the Governments of Great Britain, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden, for the Status Quo in the North Sea. (Berlin) April 23, 1908
(Parliamentary Papers, 1908)

The British, Danish, French, German, Netherland, and Swedish Governments : Animated by the desire to strengthen the ties of neighbourly friendship existing between their respective countries, and to contribute thereby to the preservation of universal peace, and recognizing that their policy with respect to the regions bordering on the North Sea is directed to the maintenance of the existing territorial status quo, (p.53) Declare that they are firmly resolved to preserve intact, and mutually to respect, the sovereign rights which their countries at present enjoy over their respective territories in those regions. Should any events occur which, in the opinion of any of the above-mentioned Governments, threaten the existing territorial status quo in the regions bordering upon the North Sea, the Powers Signatory of the present Declaration will communicate with each other in order to concert, by an agreement to be arrived at between them, such measures as they may consider it useful to take in the interest of the maintenance of the status quo as regards their possessions.
Done at Berlin the 23rd April, 1908.

(L.S.) Frank C. Lascelles.
(L.S.) Schoen
(L.S.) Hegermann-Lindencrone.
(L.S.) Jules Cambon
(L.S.) Gevers
(L.S.) Taube.

Memorandum. At the moment of signing the Declaration of this day's date, the Undersigned, by order of their respective Governments, consider it necessary to state :
1. That the principle of the maintenance of the status quo, as laid down by the said Declaration, applies solely to the territorial integrity of all the existing possessions of the High Contracting Parties, in the regions bordering upon the North Sea, and that consequently the Declaration can in no case be invoked where the free exercise of the sovereign rights of the High Contracting Parties over their above-mentioned respective possessions is in question.
(p.54) 2. That for the purpose of the said Declaration the North Sea shall be considered to extend eastwards as far as its junction with the waters of the Baltic.
Done at Berlin, the 23rd April 1908.
Ratifications deposited at Berlin July 2, 1908.

R.B. Mowat, Select Treaties and Documents 1815-1916, Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1916, pp.52-54

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