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Germany | Kaiserreich
[P|S|M]
Statistical Table Illustrating the Social Background of Students of the Schools of Higher Learning in the city of Barmen (1906)
children of (in %): college graduates public officials directors self-employed, master craftsmen clerks foremen master craftsmen
Gymnasium 19,1 27,0 30,8 13,1 4,5 1,2 1,4
Realgymnasium 7,2 20,9 25,4 28,0 8,5 0,4 3,9
Realschule 3,6 11,4 23,6 35,3 7,4 4,1 4,3
Höhere Mädchen Schulen 9,7 14,2 39,9 19,2 10,4 1,7 0,6

(1) = in 1927 the cities of Barmen and Elberfeld were merged to form Wuppertal

(2) = Gymnasium in German stands for a traditional type og high school, emphasizing classic languages and preparing for university, 9 years

(3) = Realgymnasium was a modern type of high school, emphasizing modern languages and natural sciences, preparing for technical colleges etc.; up to 9 years

(4) = Realschule was a modern type of school of higher learning, emphasizing modern technology (natural sciences) and modern languages, no instruction in classic languages, preparing for technical professions which did not require a college degree; 6 years

(5) = Higher Schools for Girls' Education (Lyzeum and others)


Hans-Heinrich Plickat: Die Schule als Instrument des sozialen Aufstiegs. (The School as an Instrument for Social Ascent), Weinheim 1959, p. 97, note 130; quoted after : Gudrun Dormann und Alexander Decker, Die deutsche Sozialdemokratie (The German Social Democracy), in: Materialien zum historisch-politischen Unterricht 1, (Materials for Historical-Political Instruction), ed. by H. Hoffacker. Stuttgart 1975/79, p. 42; listed on psm-data geschichte by permission
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