Primary Source
Imperialism | Colonial Policy

[P|S|M]

Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1905 - Distribution of the Colonial Possessions of European States
I. German Possessions
official title area
sq. km = square kilometers
population (maximum) white inhabitants
1. Togo 87 200 sq. km 1 500 000 189
2. Kamerun 495 600 sq. km 3 500 000 710
3. Südwestafrika 835 100 sq. km 200 000 (?) 4682
4. Ostafrika 995 000 sq. km 7 000 000 1437
total 2 412 900 sq. km 12 200 000 7018

II. British Possessions

official title area sq. km(1) population 
1. Gambia (including adjacent protectorated territories) 11 700  90 000
2. Sierra Leone and Protectorate 88 400 (est.) 1 000 000
3. Gold Coast Colony 102 000 1 340 000
4. Lagos 8 900 1 340 000
5. Southern Nigeria 130 000  
6. Northern Nigeria 840 000 (est.) 20 000 000
7. Cape Colony 720 000 2 500 000
8. Basutoland 26 000 263 000
9. Natal 77 000 960 000
10. Bechuanaland Protectorate 1 000 000 130 000
11. Transvaal 290 000  
12. Orange River Colony 130 000 210 000
13. Operation sphere of the British South Africa Company and British Central
Africa
1 620 000 1 800 000
14. Zanzibar, British East Africa Protectorate, Uganda, British Somaliland 
Protectorate
(est.) 2 000 000 6 390 000
15. St. Helena and Ascension 200  
16. Mauritius with Rodriguez and Diego Garcia 1 800 (est.) 380 000
17. Seychelles 380 20 000
total 7 046 380 sq. km 36 333 000

III. French Possessions

official title area sq. km(2) population 
1. Algeria 479 000 4 430 000
2. Tunisia 130 000 1 600 000
3. Sahara (?) 3 500 000 (?)
4. Senegal 470 000 1 132 000
5. French Guinea (?) (?) 1 500 000
6. Ivory Coast 250 000 2 250 000
7. Dahomey (?) (?)
8. French Congo (?) 1 800 000  (?) 10 000 000
9. French Somali Coast and dependencies (?) 36 000 (?) 200 000
10. Madagascar etc. 592 000 3 500 000
11. Mayotta, Glorieuses, Comoren (?) 2 067 (?) 50 000
12. Réunion 2 600 173 000
total 7 261 667 sq. km 24 835 000

IV. Portuguese Possessions

official title area sq. km population 
1. Cape Verde Islands(3) 3 850 147 000
2. Portuguese Guinea 37 000 200 000
3. Islands St. Thome and Principe 1 080 42 000
4. Angola 1 315 460 1 500 000
5. East African Free State 768 740 3 120 000

total

2 126 130 sq. km 5 009 000

V. Spanish Possessions

official title area sq. km population 
1. Canary Islands 7 273 358 564
2. Rio de Oro 188 600 (?)
3. Fernando Póo 2 000 20 000
4. Anno-Bom 17 3 000
5. Rio Muni 25 600 (?)

total

223 490 sq. km max. 381 564

VI. Italian Possessions (p. 5)

official title area sq. km population 
1. Eritrea 247 300 330 000
2. Somaliland 260 000 360 000
Gesamt 507 300 sq. km 690 000

VII. Belgian Possessions

official title area sq. km population 
Congo Free State 2 253 000 14 100 000

VIII. Türkish Africa

official title area sq. km population 
1. Egypt 2 959 000 19 833 000
2. Tripoli with Benghazi 1 033 400 1 000 000

total

3 992 400 qkm 20 833 000

IX. Independent States

official title area sq. km population 
1. Morocco 439 000 (est.) 8 000 000
2. Liberia 85 350 1 500 000
3. Abyssinia 540 000 4 000 000

(1) = the figures are taken from the "Colonial Office List" of 1904. (back)

(2) = the figures are from "Atlas des Colonies francaises" (Paris 1902), edited by Paul Pelet on behalf of the French Ministry of Colonial Affairs" (Paris 1902). (back)

(3) compare "Atlas Colonial Portugues" edited by "Ministerio des Marinha e Ultramar" 1903. (back)



 


Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch (Atlas German Colonies with Yearbook), edited by the Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft (German Colonial Society). Berlin 1905, p. 4f

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
posted on the web for psm-data; many thanks to

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz 

Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz

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Dokument in deutscher Sprache