Primary Source
Imperialism | Colonial Policy


Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1905 - Togo

Togo (p. 6)

Borders : The German-French treaty dated July 23rd 1897 determines the colony's borders to the north and east; the border to the west was determined via the exchange of notifications between Berlin and London in 1904. The total area of the protectorate has been calculated at about 87,200 square km.

Population (1. Januar 1904): at the most 1500000 inhabitants, of them 189 Europeans, of them 179 Germans. The black population, with 2 1/2 million, has hitherto been overestimated considerably. The south is inhabited by Evhe-Negroes, to the north of them dwell related smaller tribes, further north follow various peoples under muslim rulers.

(640 x 597)    (1256 x 1173)

Irrigation and Geomorphology: Strong surf along the 50 km long coast; disembarkation and loading/offloading of cargo difficult. The peer now completed at Lome will improve the situation. The estuary of the Volta river, navigable in it's lower stretch, is located on British territory. To the south of the 7th degree of latitude, the lower stretch of the Mona forms the border to French Dahomey. The estuary is located on French territory. The Haho River, entirely located on German territory and emptying into the Togo Lagoon, is navigable only for light shipping (canoes) and only in the vicinity of it's mouth. In the central area of the protectorate, a clearly structured, richly forested mountain range stretches in S-N direction, a number of peaks reach 900 m.

Climate : In the coastal area the average annual temperature is 26 degrees Celsius, in the interior 23 degrees Celsius. Strongest wind from the sea during the two rainy seasons, April-July, September-November. The Harmattan, a hot, dry wind from the land, blows in Dezember and the first half of January.

Export : palm oil, palm seeds, rubber, ivory, live animals. 1902 : 4 194 017 M., 1903: 3 616 061 M. The decline is caused by the drought, especially regarding the oil palm products.

Import : cotton products, spiritualia, wood, wooden tools, tobacco, cigars, materials. 1902: 6 206 477 M., 1903: 6 104 863 M.

Shipping 1902: 307 ships with 460 575 register tons, 1903: 297 ships with 457 000 register tons. Railway line Lome-Anecho under construction, Lome-Agome-Palime 1903drawn; on June 16th 1904 the Reichstag has approved 7,8 millionen M, construction began in October 1904.

Settlements : along the coast: Anecho (6600 inhabitants), Porto Seguro, Bagida, Sebe, Lome (4000 inhabitants; seat of the governor); in the interior Adschido, Togo, Amedschovhe, Ho, Paratau etc. District offices : Lome. Anecho and Misahöhe. Stations: Kpandu, Kete-Kratji, Jendi, Sansane-Mangu, Basari, Bismarckburg, Atakpame and Sokode.

Administrative Districts : Lome, Anecho, Misahöhe, Atakpame, Kete-Kratji, Sokode. Mangu-Jendi. Seat of the governor is Lome.
Police troops placed under German military personnel are stationed with the district offices and stations (150 coloureds).


Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch (Atlas German Colonies with Yearbook), edited by the Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft (German Colonial Society). Berlin 1905, p.6

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
posted on the web for psm-data; many thanks to

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz 

Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz


Dokument in deutscher Sprache