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Imperialism | Colonial Policy

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Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1905 - Kamerun

Kamerun

Size : 496600 square km (= Deutsches Reich)

Population : about 3500000 (?) inhabitants, among them 1902: 670 1903: 710 Europeans, of whom 561 resp. 612 Germans. Main indigenous tribes in the hitherto explored areas : In the North and Northeast the grassland tribes of Adamaua, under Fullah rule, of whom the Bata, Tikar, Baia and Wute are the best known. Closer to the coast down to the southern border follow the Bafut and Bali, Banjang, Bakundu and Ngolo, Bamboko, Bakwiri, Duala, Batanga and Mabea and finally the Bule (Fang).

(640 x 597)    (1256 x 1173)

The area between the coastal and grassland tribes, roughly the middle valley of the Sanaga and Njong, is settled by Babimbi and Bakoko tribes; further in the east follow the Jaunde, Bane and Jengone, all of which are related to the Bule which settle almost the entire south. Along the banks of the rivers Dscha, Bumba and Ssanga live the Janguma, Njem, Ndsimu, Bomome and Maka. Further, the Ngumba on the Lokundje derserve to be mentioned; they are relatives of the Njem and Maka.

Morphology : The highest mountain range on the Atlantic rim is the range of Mt. Kamerun (4070 m.) which in northern direction blends into the Bakossi Mountains. In general, the protectorate's surface rises in terrasses in earterly/northeasterly direction (Adamawa Mountains up to 3,000 m, Nguakeli in the south c. 1500 m). An imaginary line drawn from Bali along the mouth of the Mbam to the tributaries of the Ssanga roughly indicates the border of the continuous coastal jungle.

Rivers : (from north to south) : The Rio-del-Rey area with several tributaries, also the Kamerun river in which the Mungo, Dibambu and Wuri feed, both are vast estuaries covered by mangrove. The very important, but not navigable Sanaga with the Mbam; the Njong the upper stretch of which is navigable, with the Nkele; finally the smaller tributaries : Lokundje, Kribi and Kampo. Adamawa is crossed by the navigable Benue, the largest tributary of the Niger, an important traffic route to the sea (Niger Navigation Act of 1885). The Dscha with Bumba in the southeast resp. the Ssanga connect the area with the Congo navigation.

Climate : The year has four segments distinguished by temperature. February with 27.10 degrees on average is the warmest, July with an average 23.48 degrees the coolest month. The rainy and dry seasons are different from region to regionand show not insignificant changes from year to year. The coastal region near Mt. Kamerun has one of the world's highest amounts of annual precipitation. The climate is unhealthy, particularly in the forested areas.

Trade and Transportation : Export products are palm kernels, palm oil, raw rubber, ivory, cocoa, timber, cola nuts, copal, tree bark etc., total value 1902 : 6 264 099 M., 1903: 7 139 000 M.
Imported are manufactured goods, alcoholic beverages, materials, money, salt, lumber, wooden products, steel and steel products, tobacco, rice, powder etc., total value 1902: 13 275 704 M., 1903: 13 866 000 M.
During the last years the very prospective plantation industry, especially the one growing cocoa, has boomed extraorduinarily around Mt. Kamerun. Recent successes justify the highest expectations.

District offices are located in Victoria, Duala, Edea and Kribi; other asministrative regions : Bamenda, Banjo, Buea, Kampo, Ebolwoa, Fontem, Garua, Jabassi, Johann-Albrechtshohe, Joko, Kusseri, Lolodorf, Ossidinge, Rio del Rey, Ssanga-Ngoko, Jaunde. Seat of government is Buea.

Other places where Europeans reside : on the coast Bibundi, Debundja, Bimbia, Bell, Joss, Akwa, Deidodorf, Malimba, Kl.-Batanga, Londji, Plantation, Gr.-Batanga; on the Mungo: Mundame; on the Sanaga: Lobetal, Marienberg; on the Njong: Dehane; on the Lokundje: Bipindi etc.

Schutztruppe: 1 commander, 30 officers, 9 medical doctors, 130 NCOs, about 900 coloureds. Police troops placed under German military personnel are allocated to the individual stations.



 


Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch (Atlas German Colonies with Yearbook), edited by the Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft (German Colonial Society). Berlin 1905, p.9

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
posted on the web for psm-data; many thanks to

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz 

Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz

Kartenabteilung

Dokument in deutscher Sprache