Colonial Policy|| |
Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1905 - Kamerun
Size : 496600
square km (= Deutsches Reich)
: about 3500000 (?) inhabitants, among them 1902: 670 1903: 710
Europeans, of whom 561 resp. 612 Germans. Main indigenous tribes in the
hitherto explored areas : In the North and Northeast the grassland
tribes of Adamaua, under Fullah rule, of whom the Bata, Tikar, Baia and
Wute are the best known. Closer to the coast down to the southern border
follow the Bafut and Bali, Banjang, Bakundu and Ngolo, Bamboko, Bakwiri,
Duala, Batanga and Mabea and finally the Bule (Fang).
The area between
the coastal and grassland tribes, roughly the middle valley of the Sanaga and
Njong, is settled by Babimbi and Bakoko tribes; further in the east follow the
Jaunde, Bane and Jengone, all of which are related to the Bule which settle
almost the entire south. Along the banks of the rivers Dscha, Bumba and Ssanga
live the Janguma, Njem, Ndsimu, Bomome and Maka. Further, the Ngumba on the
Lokundje derserve to be mentioned; they are relatives of the Njem and Maka.
Morphology : The highest mountain range on the Atlantic rim is the
range of Mt. Kamerun (4070 m.) which in northern direction blends into the
Bakossi Mountains. In general, the protectorate's surface rises in terrasses
in earterly/northeasterly direction (Adamawa Mountains up to 3,000 m, Nguakeli
in the south c. 1500 m). An imaginary line drawn from Bali along the mouth of
the Mbam to the tributaries of the Ssanga roughly indicates the border of the
continuous coastal jungle.
Rivers : (from north to south) : The Rio-del-Rey area with several
tributaries, also the Kamerun river in which the Mungo, Dibambu and Wuri feed,
both are vast estuaries covered by mangrove. The very important, but not
navigable Sanaga with the Mbam; the Njong the upper stretch of which is
navigable, with the Nkele; finally the smaller tributaries : Lokundje, Kribi
and Kampo. Adamawa is crossed by the navigable Benue, the largest tributary of
the Niger, an important traffic route to the sea (Niger Navigation Act of
1885). The Dscha with Bumba in the southeast resp. the Ssanga connect the area
with the Congo navigation.
The year has four segments distinguished by temperature. February with 27.10
degrees on average is the warmest, July with an average 23.48 degrees the
coolest month. The rainy and dry seasons are different from region to
regionand show not insignificant changes from year to year. The coastal region
near Mt. Kamerun has one of the world's highest amounts of annual
precipitation. The climate is unhealthy, particularly in the forested areas.
Trade and Transportation : Export products are palm kernels, palm oil,
raw rubber, ivory, cocoa, timber, cola nuts, copal, tree bark etc., total
value 1902 : 6 264 099 M., 1903: 7 139 000 M.
Imported are manufactured goods, alcoholic beverages, materials, money, salt,
lumber, wooden products, steel and steel products, tobacco, rice, powder etc.,
total value 1902: 13 275 704 M., 1903: 13 866 000 M.
During the last years the very prospective plantation industry, especially the
one growing cocoa, has boomed extraorduinarily around Mt. Kamerun. Recent
successes justify the highest expectations.
offices are located in Victoria, Duala, Edea and Kribi; other
asministrative regions : Bamenda, Banjo, Buea, Kampo, Ebolwoa, Fontem, Garua,
Jabassi, Johann-Albrechtshohe, Joko, Kusseri, Lolodorf, Ossidinge, Rio del
Rey, Ssanga-Ngoko, Jaunde. Seat of government is Buea.
Other places where Europeans reside : on the coast Bibundi, Debundja,
Bimbia, Bell, Joss, Akwa, Deidodorf, Malimba, Kl.-Batanga, Londji, Plantation,
Gr.-Batanga; on the Mungo: Mundame; on the Sanaga: Lobetal, Marienberg; on the
Njong: Dehane; on the Lokundje: Bipindi etc.
Schutztruppe: 1 commander, 30 officers, 9 medical doctors, 130 NCOs,
about 900 coloureds. Police troops placed under German military personnel are
allocated to the individual stations.
Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch (Atlas German Colonies
with Yearbook), edited by the Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft (German
Colonial Society). Berlin 1905, p.9|
(digitalisation) and AG
posted on the web for psm-data;
many thanks to
zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Dokument in deutscher