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Imperialism | Colonial Policy

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Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1906, Togo
Togo (p.7)

Borders : The German-French treaty dated July 23rd 1897 determines the colony's borders to the north and east; the border to the west was determined via the exchange of notifications between Berlin and London in 1904. The total area of the protectorate has been calculated at about 87,200 square km (larger than Bavaria, more than double the size of the province Silesia)

Population : at the most 1500000 inhabitants, of them 224 Europeans (1904 only 189), of them 216 Germans and 31 adult women. The black population, with 2 1/2 million, has hitherto been overestimated considerably. The south is inhabited by Evhe-Negroes, to the north of them dwell related smaller tribes, further north follow various peoples, partially independent pagan tribes, partially such under muslim rulers.

Irrigation and Geomorphology : Strong surf along the 50 km long coast; disembarkation and loading/offloading of cargo difficult. The peer now completed at Lome has improved the situation; now passangers can disembark and cargo can be offloaded without damage. The estuary of the Volta river, navigable in it's lower stretch, is located on British territory. To the south of the 7th degree of latitude, the lower stretch of the Mono forms the border to French Dahomey. The estuary is located on French territory. The Haho River, entirely located on German territory and emptying into the Togo Lagoon, is navigable only for light shipping (canoes) and only in the vicinity of it's mouth. In the central area of the protectorate, a clearly structured, richly forested mountain range stretches in S-N direction, a number of peaks reach up to 1000 m.

Climate : In the coastal area the average annual temperature is 26 degrees Celsius, in the interior 23 degrees Celsius. At the coast two clearly distinct rainy seasons, separated by dry seasons, from April to July and from September to the end of November; the latter sometimes fails to appear (drought years). The further one comes into the interior, the less obvious is the dry season in the middle of the year. In the north the fall rainy season brings more rain, in the south the other way round. Precipitation along the coast 700 mm annually, in the interior 1200 to 1600 mm. The Harmattan, a hot, dry wind from the land, blows in December and the first half of January.

Export : palm oil, palm seeds, maize, rubber, ivory, live animals. 1902 : 4 194 017 M., 1903: 3 616 061 M., 1904 : 3 551 358 M. The decline is caused by the drought, especially regarding the oil palm products.

Import : cotton products, spiritualia, wood, wooden tools, tobacco, cigars, materials. 1902: 6 206 477 M., 1903: 6 104 863 M., 1904 : 6 898 323 M. - Number of the enterprises and trading companies active in the protectorate on January 1st 1905 : 27, with 22 branch offices and 165 shops.

Traffic : shipping 1904 : 288 ships with 437,000 register tons, coastal railway Lome-Anecho (45 km) opened on July 18th 1905, Lome-Agome-Palime, for which on June 16th 1904 Reichstag approved 7.8 million M., was begun in October 1904; by the end of August 27 km of 123 were completed. Postal traffic 1904 : 194,000 letters, 8,700 postal money orders over a total amount of 1,458,000 M., 8,100 parcels, 16,000 telegrams (including 3,800 transits) and 3,431 telephone calls.

Settlements : along the coast: Sebe, Anecho (2600 inhabitants, 26 Europeans), Porto Seguro, Kpeme, Bagida, Lome (5800 inhabitants; seat of the governor); in the interior Adschido, Togo, Amedschovhe, Ho, Noepe etc. District offices : Lome. Anecho and Misahöhe. Stations: Kpandu, Kete-Kratji, Jendi, Sansane-Mangu, Basari, Bismarckburg, Atakpame and Sokode.

Administrative Districts : Lome-Town and Lome-Land, Anecho, Misahöhe, Atakpame, Kete-Kratji, Sokode. Mangu-Jendi. Seat of the governor is Lome.Police troops placed under German military personnel are stationed with the district offices and stations (150 coloureds).



 


Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch (Atlas German Colonies with Yearbook), edited by the Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft (German Colonial Society). Berlin 1906, p.7

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