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Imperialism | Colonial Policy

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Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1908, The Railways of the German Protectorates in Africa
The Railways of the German Protectorates in Africa
  length in km gauge width in m year of opening
A. Togo
1. Lome-Palime 123 1 1907
2. Lome-Anecho 45 1 1905
3. Lome-Nuatjä-Atakpame 180 1 approved 1908

B. Kamerun

1. Duala-Manenguba Mountains (Mts.) 160 1
2. Duala-Jaunde-Onanbesa (Njong-River) 293 1 approved 1908
3. Kribi-Ebolowa - - approved 1908

C. Südwestafrika

1. Swakopmund-Windhuk (government railroad) 382 0,60 1902
2. Sakopmund-Tsumeb (Otavi-Line) 578 0,60 1906
3.  Lüderitzbucht-Keetmanshoop (southern line) 370 1,06 to be expected for Aug. 1908
4. Windhuk-Rehoboth-Keetmanshoop ca. 500 - planned
5. Seeheim-Kalkfontein ca. 185 1,06 approved 1908
6. Keetmanshoop-Hasuur - - planned

D. Ostafrika

1. Tanga-Mombo (Usambara Line) 129 1 1905
2. Daressalam-Mrogoro (Central Line) 222 1 1907
3. Mombo-Aruscha - 1 of these approved 1908 up to the Pangani 45 km
4. Mrogoro-Kilossa-Tabora ca. 700 1 approved 1908
5. Kilwa-Ssongea-Wiedhafen (southern line) 670 1 planned

In total at the beginning of 1908 in Germany's African colonies only a little over 1500 km railway lines were in service. How far we are behind other European colonial peoples is shown by the following statistical table, taken from the book : "Wie erschliessen wir unsere Kolonien ?" (How do we develop our colonies ?) written for the German Colonial Society by Prof.Dr. engineer Blum and Government architect Giese (state of 1907) (Berlin, Dietrich Reimer. Preis 2 Mk., für Mitglieder der Deutschen Kolonialgesellschaft 1 Mk.)

colonies and countries total length of the railway lines in km

the colonies'

per
100 square km 10,000 inhabitants
area in square km population

a railway length of

km km
England 13.117 5.049.700 38.223.000 0,25 3,43
France 5.657 5.173.800 30.728.000 0,10 1,84
Egypt 5.252 642.000 9.717.000 0,81 5,40
Germany 1.398 2.352.800 11.465.000 0,05 1,21
Portugal 1.173 2.073.200 6.865.000 0,05 1,70
Congo Free State 642 2.382.800 19.000.000 0,02 0,33
Italy 115 490.000 731.000 0,02 1,57
together 27.354 18.164.300 116.729.000 0,15 2,34




 


Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch (Atlas German Colonies with Yearbook), edited by the Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft (German Colonial Society). Berlin 1908, p.5

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
posted on the web for psm-data; many thanks to

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz 

Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz

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