Colonial Policy|| |
Atlas of Germany's Colonies and Illustrated Yearbook, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1908, Retrospect on the Development of the Protectorate of Deutsch-Südwestafrika in 1908
on the Development of the Protectorate of Deutsch-Südwestafrika in 1908.|
From January 1st 1907 to January 1st 1908 the white population rose from 7110 to
8213 heads. The increase would have been greater, if 3000 persons would not have
emigrated. Yet this emigration of foreigners and unemployed from the Cape
Colony, which had been brought into the country by the revolt, has to be
regarded as fortunate for the colony. That progress is made in Deutsch-Südwestafrika
the statistical table on hitherto sold farms is showing. On April 1st 1908 they
were 682, as compared to 480 the previous year. The farmland sold by the
government in the fiscal year 1907 civered an area of almost 1.25 million acres.
The numbers of animals rose considerably. Compared to 53,000 head of cattle in
1907, in 1908 73,000 were counted. The number of meat sheep rose from 98,000 to
198,000, wool sheep from 3,500 to 12,000, where it has to be mentioned that
especially in 1908 a large number of animals of all kind of species has been
imported. The number of Angora goats increased from 103,000 to 160,000, that of
horses from 3,000 to 6,500. Icreases have also been observed in the case of
donkeys, camels, ostriches and pigs.
But the land is still in the phase of construction. As a consequence, the
imports exceed the exports by far, the only item of importance in the export
statistics is copper ore. Where cattle and fowl has been exported, this served
to supply Walvisch Bay.
West African roads after a first heavy rain
peace having been declared for the colony on April 1st 1907, raids on the side
of the coloureds continued. In the wide space of this arid steppe land, in the
gorges and caves of its jagged mountains fugitive natives still find refuge
which the white is not capable to penetrate. In the course of the report year,
one of our most bitter opponents, the bastard Morenga, has been neutralized, but
beyond the Oranje and beyond the line drawn with a ruler, which follows the 20th
meridian on the map, Simon Kopper and similar rinleaders roam with their bands,
and it will take many an effort to neutralize them. In the course of such an
expedition, which ended in a victory, Captain v. Erkert fell.
The Owambo residing in the north of our colony were peaceful throughout the
report year. Their land is still barred to the general public. Only a number of
reliable freight drivers were granted permission to enter the land to bring
supplies to missionaries living there. The migration of the Ovambo toward the
south was of usual proportions, but increased considerably at the end of the
year, so that the mines at Tsumeb and Gochab registered sufficient Ovambo
workers after Christmas. Induced by Governor von Schuckmann, Captain Francke,
who has concluded protection treaties with individual chiefs, has visited
We have always regarded Südwestafrika primarily as a land the economic basis of
which would be extensive pastoral farming. This view now has been challenged by
diamond finds in the hinterland of Luderitzbucht, which have been reported in
the summer of the report year. On paths which had been crossed unaware (p.21) by
thousands in the period of the uprising, suddenly valuable stones, which may
earn millions for the protectorate and its treasury, as the colonial government
has managed to safeguard its fiscal interest by acting in time. It is not the
worst friends of the colony who believe that the old perspective, the economic
foundation of Deutsch-Südwestafrika would for all times last on pastoral
farming, adjusted to its natural features, will last and endure, when all
diamonds and glittering stones which now blind the eye and bring quick profit,
will be long forgotten.
Literature and Maps 1908/09: Deutsch-Südwestafrika.
Alverdes, H. Mein Tagebuch aus Südwest. Erinnerungen aus dem Feldzuge gegen die
Hottentotten. (My diary from Südwest. Memories from the Campaign against the
Hottentots) 3 Mark.
Bayer, Hauptmann M. Mit dem Hauptquartier in Südwestafrika, mit Skizzen. (With
headquarters in Südwestafrika, with sketches) 5 Mark.
Bonn, M. J. Die Eingeborenenpolitik im britischen Südafrika. (The policy toward
the natives in British South Africa) 1908. 2 Mark.
Denkschrift über die im südafrikanischen Schutzgebiet tätigen Land- und
Minen-Gesellschaften. (Memorandum on the Land and Mining Companies active in the
South African protectorate) 1905. 1 Mark.
Dernburg, B. Südwestafrik. Eindrücke. Industrielle Fortschritte in den
Kolonien. (Südwestafrika. Impressions. Industrial progress in the colonies) 88
pp. 1909. 0.75 Mark.
Deutsch-Südwestafrika. Amtlicher Ratgeber fur Auswanderer. (official guide for
emigrants) 2nd, improved edition. With many illustrations and 1 map. 1908. 1
Haris near Windhuk
v. Deutsche Reiter in Südwest. Selbst-Erlebnisse aus den Kämpfen in Südwestafrika.
Nach persönl. Berichten der Mitkämpfer. (German riders in Südwest. Personal
reminiscences from the fights in Südwestafrika. According to personal accounts
of the fighters.) With 494 Illustr., Portraits., maps etc. 1908. hardcover 15
Kämpfe der deutschen Truppen in Südwestafrika. Auf Grund amtlichen Materials
bearbeitet von der Kriegsgeschichtl. Abt. I des Grossen Generalstabes. (Fights
of the German troops in Südwestafrika. Based on official sources, edited by the
War History Dept. I of the Great General Staff) with 71 illustrations and 51
sketches. I. vol. Campaign against the Hereros. hardcover 2.25 Mark. II. vol.
The Hottentot War. hardcover 2.25 Mark.
Karow, M. Wo sonst der Fuss des Kriegers trat. Farmerleben in Südwest nach dem
Kriege. (Where the foot of the warrior has stepped. A farmer's life in Südwest
after the war) with many illustrations and a map. 1908. hardcover. 5 Mark.
Rickmann, Kais. Veterinärrat W. Tierzucht und Tierkrankheiten in Deutsch-Südwestafrika.
(Animal breeding and animal diseases in Deutsch-Südwestafrika) 9 Mark.
Schlettwein, Carl. Der Farmer in Deutsch-Südwestafrika. Eine Darstellung sämtlicher
für den afrikanischen Farmer in Betracht kommenden Erwerbszweige und ein
Leitfaden fur Anfänger. (The farmer in Deutsch-Südwestafrika. A description of
all occupations relevant to the farmer and a manual for the beginner) with many
illustrations. hardcover. 6 Mark.
Streit, R. P. O. M. J. Ein Opfer der Hottentotten. Gesch. Erzählung. (A victim
of the Hottentots, historical narrative) 120 pp. with 7 full illustrations.
Hardcover 1 Mark.
Taschenbuch fur Deutsch-Südwestafrika. 1908. (Almanach for Deutsch-Südwestafrika
1908) edited by Dr. Ph. Kuhn and Captain K. Schwabe. hardcover. 3.50 Mark.
Verzeichnis von Büchern und Karten über Deutsch-Südwestafrika und die andern
deutschen Kolonien. 31 S. 1908. (List of books and maps on Deutsch-Südwestafrika
and the other German colonies). Free of charge upon request from Dietrich Reimer
(E. Vohsen) Sort.-Abtlg., Berlin SW. 48.
Wegner-Norden. Beiträge zur Kenntnis südafrikanischer Landwirtschaft.
(Contributions to the knowledge of South African agriculture) 1909. 1.20 Mark.
Karte des Gebiets zwischen Okawango und Sambesi (Caprivi-Zipfel) nach den
Aufnahmen von Franz Seiner. (Map of the area betweem Okawango and Zambezi
(Caprivi Strip) after the survey by Franz Steiner) edited by Paul Sprigade. 1 :
500.000. Mitt. v. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. 1909, Karte 7. 57x93 cm. 3 Mark, in pocket
size 4.25 Mark.
Besitzstands-Karte von Deutsch-Südwestafrika. (Property map of Deutsch-Südwestafrika)
as of Oct. 1st 1908. edited in the Büreau der Landesvermessung. 1 : 800.000.
notes on literature and maps can be found in Dietrich Reimer's
"Mitteilungen für Ansiedler, Farmer, Tropenpflanzer, Beamte,
Forschungsreisende und Kaufleute". Issued quarterly, single issues at 30
Pfennig; yearly issue, postage included, at 1.60 Mark. Available at all
bookstores or directly from Dietrich Reimer (Erich Vohsen), Berlin SW 48.
At the end of the report year severe famine broke out in Amboland; the Windhuk
government attempted to alleviate it by food deliveries.
Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with
Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel, Yearbook and Remarks by
Hubert Henoch. Berlin 1909, p.20f|
(digitalisation) and AG
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zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Dokument in deutscher