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Imperialism | Colonial Policy


Atlas of Germany's Colonies and Illustrated Yearbook, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1908, Retrospect on the Development of the Protectorate of Deutsch-Südwestafrika in 1908
Retrospect on the Development of the Protectorate of Deutsch-Südwestafrika in 1908.

From January 1st 1907 to January 1st 1908 the white population rose from 7110 to 8213 heads. The increase would have been greater, if 3000 persons would not have emigrated. Yet this emigration of foreigners and unemployed from the Cape Colony, which had been brought into the country by the revolt, has to be regarded as fortunate for the colony. That progress is made in Deutsch-Südwestafrika the statistical table on hitherto sold farms is showing. On April 1st 1908 they were 682, as compared to 480 the previous year. The farmland sold by the government in the fiscal year 1907 civered an area of almost 1.25 million acres. The numbers of animals rose considerably. Compared to 53,000 head of cattle in 1907, in 1908 73,000 were counted. The number of meat sheep rose from 98,000 to 198,000, wool sheep from 3,500 to 12,000, where it has to be mentioned that especially in 1908 a large number of animals of all kind of species has been imported. The number of Angora goats increased from 103,000 to 160,000, that of horses from 3,000 to 6,500. Icreases have also been observed in the case of donkeys, camels, ostriches and pigs.
But the land is still in the phase of construction. As a consequence, the imports exceed the exports by far, the only item of importance in the export statistics is copper ore. Where cattle and fowl has been exported, this served to supply Walvisch Bay.

South West African roads after a first heavy rain

Despite peace having been declared for the colony on April 1st 1907, raids on the side of the coloureds continued. In the wide space of this arid steppe land, in the gorges and caves of its jagged mountains fugitive natives still find refuge which the white is not capable to penetrate. In the course of the report year, one of our most bitter opponents, the bastard Morenga, has been neutralized, but beyond the Oranje and beyond the line drawn with a ruler, which follows the 20th meridian on the map, Simon Kopper and similar rinleaders roam with their bands, and it will take many an effort to neutralize them. In the course of such an expedition, which ended in a victory, Captain v. Erkert fell.
The Owambo residing in the north of our colony were peaceful throughout the report year. Their land is still barred to the general public. Only a number of reliable freight drivers were granted permission to enter the land to bring supplies to missionaries living there. The migration of the Ovambo toward the south was of usual proportions, but increased considerably at the end of the year, so that the mines at Tsumeb and Gochab registered sufficient Ovambo workers after Christmas. Induced by Governor von Schuckmann, Captain Francke, who has concluded protection treaties with individual chiefs, has visited Ovamboland (1).
We have always regarded Südwestafrika primarily as a land the economic basis of which would be extensive pastoral farming. This view now has been challenged by diamond finds in the hinterland of Luderitzbucht, which have been reported in the summer of the report year. On paths which had been crossed unaware (p.21) by thousands in the period of the uprising, suddenly valuable stones, which may earn millions for the protectorate and its treasury, as the colonial government has managed to safeguard its fiscal interest by acting in time. It is not the worst friends of the colony who believe that the old perspective, the economic foundation of Deutsch-Südwestafrika would for all times last on pastoral farming, adjusted to its natural features, will last and endure, when all diamonds and glittering stones which now blind the eye and bring quick profit, will be long forgotten.


Colonial Literature and Maps 1908/09: Deutsch-Südwestafrika.

Alverdes, H. Mein Tagebuch aus Südwest. Erinnerungen aus dem Feldzuge gegen die Hottentotten. (My diary from Südwest. Memories from the Campaign against the Hottentots) 3 Mark.

Bayer, Hauptmann M. Mit dem Hauptquartier in Südwestafrika, mit Skizzen. (With headquarters in Südwestafrika, with sketches) 5 Mark.

Bonn, M. J. Die Eingeborenenpolitik im britischen Südafrika. (The policy toward the natives in British South Africa) 1908. 2 Mark.

Denkschrift über die im südafrikanischen Schutzgebiet tätigen Land- und Minen-Gesellschaften. (Memorandum on the Land and Mining Companies active in the South African protectorate) 1905. 1 Mark.

Dernburg, B. Südwestafrik. Eindrücke. Industrielle Fortschritte in den Kolonien. (Südwestafrika. Impressions. Industrial progress in the colonies) 88 pp. 1909. 0.75 Mark.

Deutsch-Südwestafrika. Amtlicher Ratgeber fur Auswanderer. (official guide for emigrants) 2nd, improved edition. With many illustrations and 1 map. 1908. 1 Mark.

 Farm Haris near Windhuk

Dincklage-Campe v. Deutsche Reiter in Südwest. Selbst-Erlebnisse aus den Kämpfen in Südwestafrika. Nach persönl. Berichten der Mitkämpfer. (German riders in Südwest. Personal reminiscences from the fights in Südwestafrika. According to personal accounts of the fighters.) With 494 Illustr., Portraits., maps etc. 1908. hardcover 15 Mark.

Kämpfe der deutschen Truppen in Südwestafrika. Auf Grund amtlichen Materials bearbeitet von der Kriegsgeschichtl. Abt. I des Grossen Generalstabes. (Fights of the German troops in Südwestafrika. Based on official sources, edited by the War History Dept. I of the Great General Staff) with 71 illustrations and 51 sketches. I. vol. Campaign against the Hereros. hardcover 2.25 Mark. II. vol. The Hottentot War. hardcover 2.25 Mark.

Karow, M. Wo sonst der Fuss des Kriegers trat. Farmerleben in Südwest nach dem Kriege. (Where the foot of the warrior has stepped. A farmer's life in Südwest after the war) with many illustrations and a map. 1908. hardcover. 5 Mark.

Rickmann, Kais. Veterinärrat W. Tierzucht und Tierkrankheiten in Deutsch-Südwestafrika. (Animal breeding and animal diseases in Deutsch-Südwestafrika) 9 Mark.

Schlettwein, Carl. Der Farmer in Deutsch-Südwestafrika. Eine Darstellung sämtlicher für den afrikanischen Farmer in Betracht kommenden Erwerbszweige und ein Leitfaden fur Anfänger. (The farmer in Deutsch-Südwestafrika. A description of all occupations relevant to the farmer and a manual for the beginner) with many illustrations. hardcover. 6 Mark.

Streit, R. P. O. M. J. Ein Opfer der Hottentotten. Gesch. Erzählung. (A victim of the Hottentots, historical narrative) 120 pp. with 7 full illustrations. Hardcover 1 Mark.

Taschenbuch fur Deutsch-Südwestafrika. 1908. (Almanach for Deutsch-Südwestafrika 1908) edited by Dr. Ph. Kuhn and Captain K. Schwabe. hardcover. 3.50 Mark.

Verzeichnis von Büchern und Karten über Deutsch-Südwestafrika und die andern deutschen Kolonien. 31 S. 1908. (List of books and maps on Deutsch-Südwestafrika and the other German colonies). Free of charge upon request from Dietrich Reimer (E. Vohsen) Sort.-Abtlg., Berlin SW. 48.

Wegner-Norden. Beiträge zur Kenntnis südafrikanischer Landwirtschaft. (Contributions to the knowledge of South African agriculture) 1909. 1.20 Mark.


Karte des Gebiets zwischen Okawango und Sambesi (Caprivi-Zipfel) nach den Aufnahmen von Franz Seiner. (Map of the area betweem Okawango and Zambezi (Caprivi Strip) after the survey by Franz Steiner) edited by Paul Sprigade. 1 : 500.000. Mitt. v. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. 1909, Karte 7. 57x93 cm. 3 Mark, in pocket size 4.25 Mark.

Besitzstands-Karte von Deutsch-Südwestafrika. (Property map of Deutsch-Südwestafrika) as of Oct. 1st 1908. edited in the Büreau der Landesvermessung. 1 : 800.000.

Further notes on literature and maps can be found in Dietrich Reimer's "Mitteilungen für Ansiedler, Farmer, Tropenpflanzer, Beamte, Forschungsreisende und Kaufleute". Issued quarterly, single issues at 30 Pfennig; yearly issue, postage included, at 1.60 Mark. Available at all bookstores or directly from Dietrich Reimer (Erich Vohsen), Berlin SW 48.


(1) At the end of the report year severe famine broke out in Amboland; the Windhuk government attempted to alleviate it by food deliveries. 

Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel, Yearbook and Remarks by Hubert Henoch. Berlin 1909, p.20f

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
posted on the web for psm-data; many thanks to

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz 

Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz


Dokument in deutscher Sprache