Colonial Policy|| |
Atlas of Germany's Colonies and Illustrated Yearbook, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1908, Retrospect on the Development of the Pacific in 1908
on the Development of the Pacific in 1908.
(p.31) The entire old protectorate of Neu-Guinea has, in those areas reached by
our colonization and culture, experienced further development.
Kaiser-Wilhelms-Land still is neglected to a certain degree. It seemed gold
should put it on its feet, as Australian diggers had been attracted by the
yellow metal, washing for it in the Waria. According to most recent reports they
are said to have left the colony because if unsatisfactory results. It would be
interesting for our prospects if our views of the interior districts of the
island of Neu-Guinea would undergo a change, as in case of the discovery by the
not long expedition Damköhler-Fröhlich, which, in contrast to the previously
dominating opinion that the interior would be uninhabitable, found a fertile and
densely populated plain in the interior, between the Finisterre and Bismarck
Mountains. Unfortunately it seemed that the individual tribes were engaged in
permanent feud with each other and ruining each other.
of copra by Melanesians on the Vaitele plantation
understandable that our relative ignorance again and again attracts researchers
who penetrate into unknown stretches. Governor Dr. Hahl deserves recognition for
being always on location in the large area placed under him, if political or
economic reasons require his presence. So he arrived with the government
steamer, when in fall of the year a conflict arose among the natives in Ponape.
In the white population of Old Neu-Guinea large shifts have not occurred,
neither in the population of the smaller island groups (Carolinas, Palau
Islands, Marianas). As it was a good year for the cocos palm, the economic
conditions were satisfactory, as copra exports have increased over the previous
The Carolinas, Palau and the Marianas still suffer from the effects of the
hurricanes, so that decreases were registered both in imports as in exports. For
example, on the West Carolinas business was so unfavourable that of the 107
Japanese residents 30 left the protectorate.
Economically under a guiding star are the Marshall Islands. This, however, has
mainly to be contributed to the export of phosphates from Nauru island. Already
in 1907 phosphates at a value of a quarter of a million Mark were shipped;
numbers for 1908 are not yet available, but without doubt they increased
considerably, because the government in her budget for 1909 has listed a
considerably higher sum of revenues from it, based on experience.
The number of whites on Nauru with 81 exceeds that of those in Jaluit (50). In
addition several hundred Chinese have been imported, which form the core of the
(p.32) On Samoa, 1907 was not a good year for copra, for one because of bad
weather, and because cocos palms, after good harvests, have to recover, growing
smaller harvests for some time; they require a year of rest. All the more
favorable were conditions in the case of cocoa, the export of which rose from 92
in 1906 to 109 in 1907, while not even all expectations had been fulfilled.
Later fructification was somewhat better and the spring harvest of 1908 brought
a full harvest. In the export statistics, those two positions are the largest;
closely followed by the Cawa, much in demand on Tonga and Fidji. So its export
from German Samoa rose from 25,000 Mark to 84,000 Mark. In general, export
product figures did not decrease by much more than half, mainly because of the
decrease in copra harvests.
A slight decrease in the white population is explained by the emigration of a
number of settlers and missionary families with many children.
From a race-ethnic perspective, the decrease of Chinese workers from 1104 to
1050 has to be welcomed.
Governor Dr. Solf, who heads the colony of Samoa since May 1899, has succeeded
in convincing the indigenous population of the benefits and necessity of German
rule. He does everything in his power to interest the Samoans, lethargic by
nature, economically, to spend more effort in the refinement of copra, to give
up the habit of thoughtlessly taking up loans etc.
beans are washed after fermentation
Colonial Literature and Maps 1908/09: The German
Protectorates in the Pacific.
Rechinger, Lily u. Dr. K. Streifzüge in Deutsch-Neu-Guinea und auf den
Salomons-Inseln. Eine botanische Forschungsreise. (Expeditions in
Deutsch-Neuguinea and on the Solomon Islands. A botanical expedition) 8 Mark.
Karte von Badeldaob nach provisorischen Aufnahmen von A. Kramer 1 : 225.000.
(map of Badeldaob according to provisorical surveys by A. Kraemer) Mitt. a.
Deutsch. Schutzgeb. 1908, Map 10.
Der nördliche Teil der Gazelle-Halbinsel. Unter Zugrundelegung der Aufnahme von
Wilhelm Wernicke und S.M.S. Möwe, gezeichnet von F. Bischoff unter Leitung von
M. Moisel. (The northern part of the Gazelle Peninsula. Based on the survey by
Wilhelm Wernicke and S.M.S. Moewe, drawn by F. Bischoff under guidance of M.
Moisel) 1 : 100.000 Mitt. a. Deut[s]ch. Schutzgeb. 1908.
Waria-Expedition vom 5.- 15. März 1908. Aufgenommen und gezeichnet von W.
Wernicke. (Waria Expedition from March 5th to 15th 1908, surveyed and drawn by
W. Wernicke) 1 : 100.000. Deutsches Kolonialblatt 1908, No. 19.
Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with
Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel, Yearbook and Remarks by
Hubert Henoch. Berlin 1909, p.31f|
(digitalisation) and AG
posted on the web for psm-data;
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zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Dokument in deutscher