Primary Sources
Imperialism | Colonial Policy

[P|S|M]

Atlas of Germany's Colonies and Illustrated Yearbook, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1908, The German Protectorates (II)

The German Protectorates (II)

The German Colonies' Production 

Only production for export can be expressed in figures; production for domestic trade can not be registered, and there are only isolated data on production for their own consumption, In the case of certain articles, figures for production and export should coincide, such as in the case of caoutchouk and in the case of exclusive plantation products such as sisal hemp and cocoa, 

A. Animal Products 

I.) Live Animals (domesticated as well as wild) 

1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 88,566 78,893 86,559 51,292
Kamerun 54,227 56,620 4,782 -
Suedwestafrika 2,743 - - 122,200
Ostafrika 219,709 150,609 182,476 137,885
total 365,245 285,122 273,817 311,377

 

A. Animal Products 

2.) Skins and furs (also od wild animals, seals etc.)

  1907 1906 1905 1899
  Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 24,961 8,196 5,873 -
Kamerun 2,464 2,672 1,345 -
Suedwestafrika 108,739 137,600 81,280 70,494
Ostafrika 1,898,045 2,030,730 1,478,641 78,380
total 2,034,209 2,179,198 1,567,139 148,874

 

A. Animal Products 

3.) Ivory

  1907 1906 1905 1899
  Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 131,393 64,207 40,775 10,418
Kamerun 1,073,802 904,733 1,270,316 604,970
Südwestafrika 125 90 - 560
Ostafrika 633,397 433,380 485,819 993,584
total 1,868,717 1,402,410 1,796,910 1,609,532

A. Animal Products 

4.) wax of bees and other insects

  1907 1906 1905 1899
  Mark Mark Mark Mark
Ostafrika 1,471,248 788,105 1,289,647 -

Other production of animal products is presently, in the German colonies, of yet little importance. To be mentioned are milk, butter, cheese, eggs (export Deutsch-Ostafrika 1907 : 179,000 Mark, 1906 : 138,000 Mark, 1905 : 152,000 Mark, 1904 : 122,000 Mark), wool (Deutsch-Suedwestafrika exported 1907 for 7,000 Mark, 1906 for 2,000 Mark), ostrich feathers (export of Deutsch-S?westafrika 1907 : 41,000 Mark, 1906 : 51,000 Mark), tortoise-shell and mother-of-pearl (1907 : 140,000 Mark, 1906 : 228,000 Mark, export German Pacific colonies), Trepang (prepared sea animals, Holothuria-species, Pacific islands' exports 1907 : 43,000, 1906 : 38,000 Mark), shark fins (export of the Marshall Islands 1907 : 6,000, 1906 : 1,000 Mark) and finally Guano (S?westafrika 1907 : 12,000 Mark, 1906 : 24,000 Mark. The value of the animal products from the German protectorates on the world market was, on average over the last years, about 6 million Mark. 

B. Vegetable Products 

1.) Caoutchouc and Guttapercha 

1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 1,095,000 1,161,000 1,002,000 378,000
Kamerun 7,641,000 4,677,000 4,071,000 1,898,000
Ostafrika 2,039,000 2,386,000 2,257,000 1,337,000
Pacific 16,000 4,000 - -
total 10,791,000 8,228,000 7,330,000 3,613,000

(p.7)

B. Vegetable Products 

2.) Cotton

1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 231,000 165,000 89,000 -
Ostafrika 225,000 179,300 196,000 -
total 456,000 344,300 285,000 -

 

B. Vegetable Products 

3.) sisal hemp

1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark
Eastafrica 2,162,000 1,368,000 1,071,000 15,000

B. Vegetable Products 

4.) Copra

1907 1906 1905 1900
Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 11,000 8,000 3,000 -
Ostafrika 1,345,000 1,087,000 916,000 108,000
Bismarck-Archipelago, Kaiser-Wilhelmsland 1,808,000 1,419,000 1,234,000 651,000 (1)
Eastern Carolinas 79,000 124,000 91,000 176,000
Western Carolinas, Palau und Marianas 116,000 145,000 188,000 74,000 (1)
Marshall-Islands 408,000 570,000 695,000 509,000
Samoa 1,560,000 2,891,000 1,979,000 1,469,000
total 5,327,000 6,244,000 5,106,000 2,987,000

B. Vegetable Products 

5.) palm kernels and palm oil

1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 1,399,000 862,000 757,000 1,949,000
Kamerun 4,183,000 2,958,000 2,459,000 2,116,000
total 5,582,000 3,820,000 3,216,000 4,065,000

B. Vegetable Products 

6.) coffee

1907 1906 1905 1898
Mark Mark Mark Mark
Deutsch-Ostafrika 549,000 531,000 464,000 96,000

 

B. Vegetable Products 

7.) cocoa

1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 51,000 22,000 10,000 -
Kamerun 2,704,000 1,167,000 1,281,000 192,000
Samoa 117,000 101,000 30,000 -
total 2,872,000 1,290,000 1,321,000 192,000

 

B. Vegetable Products 

8.) maize

1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 1,199,000 433,000 567,000 -

B. Vegetable Products 

9.) lumber

1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 6,000 2,000 - -
Kamerun 95,000 119,000 150,000 14,000
Deutsch-Ostafrika 59,000 40,000 67,000 60,000
total 160,000 161,000 207,000  74,000

 

Our colonies have more vegetable export products. Ostafrika exports legumes, grai n and rice (despite the fact that the colony's own consumption has to be imported), further fruit, bananas, pineapples, fresh coconuts, in addition spices, Kawa roots (export Samoa 1907 : 84,000 Mark, 1906 : 25,000 Mark), tobacco, oil plants such as sesame, peanuts, schibutter, finally tanning barks (mangroves and tanning acacias) and stone fruits (exports Bismarck Archipelago 1907 : 6000 Mark, 1906 : 3000 Mark),
The total export value of plantation products grown in our colonies considerably exceeds 30 million Mark. As a product on the border between vegetable products and minerals Copal has to be mentioned, white to reddish resin of a tree growing wild; it is of the highest quality, if found by excavation of subterranean deposits, the remnants of decomposed tree parts.

copal

1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark
Kamerun 3,000 4,000 800 3,000
Deutsch-Ostafrika 138,000 118,000 138,000 277,000
total 141,000 122,000 138,800 280,000

 

C.) Mineral Products

Of interest are gold (export Deutsch-Ostafrika 1907 : 32,000 Mark, 1906 : 22,000 Mark), diamonds (first finds near L?eritzbucht Juli 1908),  copper (export Deutsch-Suedwestafrika 1906 : 230 tons (p.8), 47,000 Mark, 1907 : 8427 tons, 1,283,000 Mark) und phosphates (Pacific islands), of copper ore Deutsch-Suedwestafrika shipped in 1907 1,3 million Mark, Nauru (Marshall-Inseln), in 1907 (first year of full operation) shipped 700,000 Mark, 

-----

Today, in the 25th year of our colonial activity, we would have been much further, if we, by the means of building railroads, would have facilitated the transport and sale on the world market of profitable feasible mineral production.

How far we lagged behind until 1908, and how much Dernburg's Railroad Plan (approved in May 1908) has changed is shown by the following table,

I. in service

Begin of 1908.

  field gauge
km
Cape gauge
km
meter gauge
km

total
km

Kamerun - - - -
Togo - - 164 164
Südwestafrika 962 288 - 1250
Ostafrika - - 338 338
total 962 288 502 1752

 

II. under construction 

Begin of 1908.

  Feldspur
km
Kapspur
km
Meterspur
km
total
km
Kamerun - - 160 160
Togo - - - -
Südwestafrika 91 78 - 169
Ostafrika - - 19 19
total 91 78 179 348

 

II. in service

End of 1908.

  field gauge
km
Cape gauge
km
meter gauge
km
total
km
Kamerun - - - -
Togo - - 164 164
Südwestafrika 1053 433 - 1486
Ostafrika - - 338 388
total 1053 433 502 1988

 

II. under construction 

End of 1908.

  field gauge
km
Cape gauge
km
meter gauge
km
total
km
Kamerun - - 520 520
Togo - - 175 175
Südwestafrika - 113 - 113
Ostafrika - - 744 744
total - 113 1439 1552

 

(1) The figures for Kaiser-Wilhelms-Land and the Western Carolinas are missing.

 

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Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel, Yearbook and Remarks by Hubert Henoch. Berlin 1909, p.4ff.

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
posted on the web for psm-data; many thanks to

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz 

Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz

Kartenabteilung

Dokument in deutscher Sprache