Colonial Policy|| |
Atlas of Germany's Colonies and Illustrated Yearbook, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1910, Retrospective on the Development of the Protectorate of Deutsch-Südwestafrika in 1909
on the Development of the Protectorate of Deutsch-Südwestafrika in 1909.|
Our settlement colony has continued to increase the number of her white
inhabitants even further, from 8213 in 1908 to 9410 in 1909. Only the civilian
population is counted; military personnel numbered 2381 on January 1st 1909;
their number has in the meantime been reduced. The increase in the number of
women and children is satisfactory, all the more as a great deal of it falls on
the districts of Keetmanshoop and Warmbad, where the German population element
so far was unfavourable. Overall we have to note, that because of the
immigration of Britons, colonial Britons and Boers, the German nation within the
protectorate did not progress.
Peace has not been disturbed anywhere in the colony in 1909. Only the Stuermann
men lodged near Keetmanshoop, because of repeated cases of obstruction and
disobedience, had to be relocated to Grootfontein Nord, in the interest of the
colony. Here they since have been calm.
In order to extend our sovereignty into the hitherto almost untouched northern
districts, Major Franke was dispatched into Ovamboland, where he signed
protection treaties with various chiefs. In these treaties the Ovambos
recodnized the sovereignty of our Kaiser and placed themselves and their people
under the protection of the German government; they also agreed to the
recruitment of workers in their territory. Equally, Hauptmann Streitwolf was
betrothed with a mission into the so-called Caprivi strip; he founded a German
station opposite the British station Sesheke, which today is administrated by
The Masubias residing there are rather peaceful and welcomed the emergence of
German rule, of the "Gesetz", as they called it, happily and
faithfully. The character of Deutsch-Südwestafrika as a colony of cattle
breeders and farmers had been perturbed in 1909 by an overwhelming interest in
diamonds. In the colony as well as in the motherland people spoke more of the
jewels of Lüderitzbucht than of cattle breeding in Damara- and Namaland.
Unfortunately farming had to suffer greatly under the drought, and when the
rainy season set in, it poured that heavily, that the abundant moisture also
brought disadvantages. The drought had, in part, caused farmers to move their
herds to more distant pastures. Abundant supplies of fodder after the rich rainy
season had caused some to expand their herds. The livestock census on April 1st
1909 counted 96,000 cattle (73,000), meat sheep 281,000 (193,000), wool sheep
20,000 (12,000), ordinary goats 238,000 (156,000), Angora goats 4500 (4000),
horses 8300 (6500), mules and donkeys 9800 (8100), camels 240 (300), ostriches
230 (130), pigs 2900 (2300).
Unfortunately the breeding of wool sheep has been severely damaged by diseases.
Some farmers and corporations lost almost their entire stock. Especially
sensitive were the losses among the Karakul sheep imported from central Asia,
which died with the exception of a small remainder.
Judgments over the small settlements are still mixed. It can not be stated that
they did not stand the test, as again a number of real estate lots in small
settlements have been sold. Adding to the old cultures cultivated by small
settlers, such as vegetables, fruit and wine, the tabacco has been added.
Tobacco farmers have also erected simple drying barns. However, so far no
product suitable for export has been produced. But there was a demand in the
country, as coloured workers in part are paid in tobacco. Now the next task will
be to create suited drying installations, in order to raise the quality of the
The results of the South West African mining industry are excellent, the exports
of copper ores have reached 6.3 million Mark as compared to 1.3 million in the
previous year. In 1909 the export figures, for which we do not have exact
numbers yet, has to be estimated as even higher. The Otavi mines' copper
production - pessimists had already predicted the closure of the enterprise - is
expected to deliver material for shipment for many years
to come. Even more impressive are the results of diamond mining. The most
precious stones have been found, to the south of Luderitzbucht, as well as up to
Swakopmund. The valuable finds partially have blinded the colony's inhabitants
and the "auri sacra fames" unfortunately also has lead to unpleasant
observations in Luederitzbucht and Windhuk (p.21). The board of our
Reichs-Kolonialamt has managed to make this treasure found by occasion
accessible for the general public. The railways which have been granted to the
protectorate by approval of the Reichstag in 1910, the protectorate would have
never been given if the profit from the diamonds would not have made them
possible. About a hundred corporations are busy with the search for diamonds.
Their stocks not only have reached record highs on the recently founded Windhuk
stock exchange, but also caused speculation in the motherland.
Again the question has been raised, if the character of peaceful development of
our protectorate is not disturbed by distracting the inhabitants from farming
and ordinary earning of their living. Against this it can be stated that the
tumultuous early days are overcome, and in case the sand of the Namib contains
further millions of diamonds, these will bring numerous advantages to the colony
thanks to the excellent organisation of the colonial administration.
Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with
Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel, Yearbook and Remarks by
Hubert Henoch. Berlin 1910, p.20f|
(digitalisation) and AG
posted on the web for psm-data;
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zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Dokument in deutscher