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Imperialism | Colonial Policy


Atlas of Germany's Colonies and Illustrated Yearbook, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1910, Retrospective on the Development of the Kiautschou Area in 1909
Retrospective on the Development of the Kiautschou Area in 1909

The economic crisis seems to be completely overcome in 1909. Unfortunately, silver and copper currency still was devaluated, and only slowly the situation stabilized.
Another important factor, with immediate impact on the exports, in the long term also for the purchasing power of the country and thus for imports, the harvest loss in the Shantung province, which during the previous year seriously contributed to the worsening of the economic situation, also looks more favourable now. Despite the long dry period during the spring of 1909 harvests in the hinterland were averafe. Exports, favoured by price increases of the most important articles on the European market, were as vivid as they had not been in a long time.
The total trade volume increased considerably, to a large degree credited to exports. The revenues of the Chinese maritime customs office also increased considerably. Navigation has increased, which lead to the consequence that the protectorate's revenues have increased as well.
They indicate the progress the administration makes; in 1898/99 they amounted to a little over 36,000 M., in 1908/09 they amounted to almost 2.4 million Mark (p.36).
The Chinese also show a more positive attitude towards our rule and regard Tsingtau and its development with optimism. The Chinese State Bank has opened a branch office here during the last year; the merchants jave joined to found a chamber of commerce. Foreign nations also, important houses from Hong Kong and Shanghai, have opened branch offices in Tsingtau. The European steamer lines, dor instance the Peninsular and the Oriental Steam Navigation Companies and the Nippon Yusen Kaisha, regularly stop in Tsingtau, en route. 
Regarding the land transportation connections, during the report year considerable progress was made in the expansion of the railroad network in the hinterland. On the line Tientsin-Pukou, a line connecting with the German Schantung railroad, and as such of importance, construction of the northern stretch, financed by a German-Chinese loan, has progressed so far that the stretch Tientsin-Tetschau probably will be opened for traffic in spring 1910.
Construction is in progress on the other stretches. Especially soon work will be begun on the gigantic Hwangho Bridge, the plans for which were drawn by German architects, and which will be conducted under German technical supervision; as such it is suited to provide the Chinese with a vivid example of the capability of German engineering.
The German economy profits considerably from such railroad projects, because they lead to orders of considerable volume. The Schantung railroad has expanded their cargo transport and thus expanded their profits. Coal mining progressed further.
The banknotes issued by the Deutsch-Asiatische Bank have been accepted by the public and are also willingly accepted by the Chinese in the hinterland.Of cultural importance is the opening of the German-Chinese College on October 25th 1909. The institution has been entrusted to a professor who used to teach at the Imperial University in Peking, and the staff was composed of teachers who had taught at German and Chinese schools. 200 students reported; 93 passed the examination, a few more were accepted on certain conditions, so that 110 students began. The general interest proves best that the establishment of the institution met public demand.
Relations with the Chinese administration are the best possible. They seem to more and more understand German thought and German culture; an Imperial edict of May 21st 1909 has ordered, that in all middle and high schools of the Empire, English and German shall be taught as the most important languages. Such cultural goals were the main reason, why we, ten years ago, established a foothold in China.

Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel, Yearbook and Remarks by Hubert Henoch. Berlin 1910, p.35f

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
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Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz 

Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz


Dokument in deutscher Sprache