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Imperialism | Colonial Policy

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Atlas of Germany's Colonies and Illustrated Yearbook, edited by the German Colonial Society, 1910, The German Colonies' Production (Development and Actual Condition)
The German Colonies' Production

(Development and Actual Condition)

Only production for export can be expressed in figures; production for domestic trade can not be registered, and there are only isolated data on production for their own consumption, In the case of certain articles, figures for production and export should coincide, such as in the case of caoutchouk and in the case of exclusive plantation products such as sisal hemp and cocoa.

A. animal products

I.) Live Animals (domesticated as well as wild)

1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 133.717 88.566 78.893 86.559 51.292
Kamerun 98.444 54.227 56.620 4.782 -
South West Africa 6.945 2.743 - - 122.200
East Africa 175.382 219.709 150.609 182.476 137.885
sum 414.488 365.245 285.122 273.817 311.377

 

A. animal products

2.) Skins and furs (also od wild animals, seals etc.)

  1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
  Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 7.182 24.961 8.196 5.873 -
Kamerun 3.264 2.464 2.672 1.345 -
South West Africa 131.909 108.739 137.600 81.280 70.494
East Africa 841.469 1.898.045 2.030.730 1.478.641 78.380
sum 983.824 2.034.209 2.179.198 1.567.139 148.874

 

A. animal products

3.) Ivory (elephant tusks)

  1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
  Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 80.730 131.393 64.207 40.775 10.418
Kamerun 900.368 1.073.802 904.733 1.270.316 604.970
South West Africa 1.375 125 90 - 560
East Africa 605.829 633.397 433.380 485.819 993.584
sum 1.588.302 1.868.717 1.402.410 1.796.910 1.609.532

A. animal products

4.) wax of bees and other insects

  1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
  Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Ostafrika 1.168.128 1.471.248 788.105 1.289.647 -

Other production of animal products is presently, in the German colonies, of yet little importance. To be mentioned are milk, butter, cheese, eggs (export Deutsch-Ostafrika 1908: 86.316 Mark, 1907 : 179,000 Mark, 1906 : 138,000 Mark, 1905 : 152,000 Mark, 1904 : 122,000 Mark), wool (Deutsch-Südwestafrika exported 1908 for 19.000 Mark, 1907 for 7,000 Mark, 1906 for 2,000 Mark), ostrich feathers (export of Deutsch-Südwestafrika 1908: 68.000 Mark, 1907 : 41,000 Mark, 1906 : 51,000 Mark), tortoise-shell and mother-of-pearl (1908: 57.000 Mark, 1907 : 140,000 Mark, 1906 : 228,000 Mark, export German Pacific colonies). Also Deutsch-Ostafrika exported for 8,000 Mark. Trepang (prepared sea animals, Holothuria-species, Pacific islands' exports 1908: 16.000, 1907 : 43,000, 1906 : 38,000 Mark), shark fins (export of the Marshall Islands 1908: 2000, 1907: 1907 : 6,000, 1906 : 1,000 Mark) and finally Guano (Südwestafrika 1908: 8000 Mark, 1907 : 12,000 Mark, 1906 : 24,000 Mark. The value of the animal products from the German protectorates on the world market was, on average over the last years, about 6 million Mark.

B. Vegetable Products

1.) Caoutchouc and Guttapercha

1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 587.000 1,095.000 1.161.000 1.002.000 378.000
Kamerun 4.780.000 7.641.000 4.677.000 4.071.000 1.898.000
East Africa 1.003.000 (*) 2.039.000 2.386.000 2.257.000 1.337.000
Pacific 42.000 16.000 4.000 - -
sum 6.412.000 10.791.000 8.228.000 7.330.000 3.613.000

B. Vegetable Products

2.) Cotton

1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 366.000 231.000 165.000 89.000 -
East Africa 249.000 225.000 179.300 196.000 -
sum 615.000 456.000 344.300 285.000 -

Again as in previous years also Cameroon registers a small cotton export.

B. Vegetable Products

3.) sisal hemp

1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Ostafrika 2.866.000 2.162.000 1.368.000 1.071.000 15.000

B. Vegetable Products

4.) Copra

1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 19.000 11.000 8.000 3.000 -
East Africa 806.000 1.345.000 1.087.000 916.000 108.000
Bismarck-Archipelago, Kaiser-Wilhelmsland 1.550.000 1.808.000 1.419.000 1.234.000 651.000 (1)
Eastern Carolinas 85.000 79.000 124.000 91.000 176.000
Western-Carolinas, Palau and Marianas 144.000 116.000 145.000 188.000 74.000 (1)
Marshall-Islands 712.000 408.000 570.000 695.000 509.000
Samoa 2.355.000 1.560.000 2.891.000 1.979.000 1.469.000
sum 5.671.000 5.327.000 6.244.000 5.106.000 2.987.000

B. Vegetable Products

5.) palm kernels and palm oil

1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 1.555.000 1.399.000 862.000 757.000 1.949.000
Kamerun 3.191.000 4.183.000 2.958.000 2.459.000 2.116.000
sum 4.746.000 5.582.000 3.820.000 3.216.000 4.065.000

B. Vegetable Products

6.) coffee

1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Deutsch-Ostafrika 942.000 549.000 531.000 464.000 96.000

 

B. Vegetable Products

7.) cocoa

1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 69.000 51.000 22.000 10.000 -
Kamerun 2.654.000 2.704.000 1.167.000 1.281.000 192.000
Samoa 245.000 117.000 101.000 30.000 -
sum 2.968.000 2.872.000 1.290.000 1.321.000 192.000

(*) Of it Plantagen-rubber 416.000 M. The seperation is made in the official statistics for the first time..

(1) Are missing the numbers for Kaiser-Wilhelmsland and the Western Carolinas. (p.8)

B. Vegetable Products

8.) maize

1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 2.031.000 1.199.000 433.000 567.000 -

B. Vegetable Products

9.) lumber

1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 8.000 6.000 2.000 - -
Kamerun 159.000 95.000 119.000 150.000 14.000
Eastern Africa 123.000 59.000 40.000 67.000 60.000
sum 290.000 160.000 161.000 207.000 74.000

Our colonies have more vegetable export products. Ostafrika exports legumes, grai n, from the coast mainly to Zanzibar (1908 for 73,000 mark), from the Lakes Region exclusively to British East Africa (1908 147,000 Mark), grain and rice (despite the fact that the colony's own consumption has to be covered by imports), further spices, Kawa roots (export Samoa 1908 : 62,000 Mark, 1907 : 84,000 Mark, 1906 : 25,000 Mark), tobacco (Deutsch-Ostafrika 1908: 51.000 Mark, Togo, Kamerun and Mikronesia smaller quantities), oil plants such as sesame, peanuts (Deutsch-Ostafrika 1908: 344.000 Mark), schibutter (1908 Togo 19.000 Mark, Kamerun 4000 Mark), finally tanning barks (mangroves and tanning acacias) and stone fruits (exports Bismarck Archipelago 1908 and 1909 9.000 Mark each, 1907 : 6000 Mark, 1906 : 3000 Mark).
The total export value of plantation products grown in our colonies considerably exceeds 30 million Mark. As a product on the border between vegetable products and minerals Copal has to be mentioned, white to reddish resin of a tree growing wild; it is of the highest quality, if found by excavation of subterranean deposits, the remnants of decomposed tree parts.

copal

1908 1907 1906 1905 1899
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Kamerun 4.000 3.000 4.000 800 3.000
East Africa 139.000 138.000 118.000 138.000 277.000
sum 143.000 141.000 122.000 138.800 280.000

C.) Mineral Products

Of interest are gold (export Deutsch-Ostafrika 1908: 18.000 Mark, 1907 : 32,000 Mark, 1906 : 22,000 Mark), diamonds (first finds near Lüderitzbucht Juli 1908, Ausfuhr 1908 : 51.000 Mark), copper (export Deutsch-Suedwestafrika 1906 : 230 tons (p.8), 47,000 Mark, 1907 : 8427 tons, 1,283,000 Mark, 1908 : 31.000 Tonnen, 6.296.000 Mark) und phosphates (Pacific islands; shipments of the Marshall-Islands 1907: 698.000 Mark, 1908: 3.301.000 Mark. ). The production of Angaur (Palau Islands) will only in 1909 appear in the statistical tables



Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel, Yearbook and Remarks by Hubert Henoch. Berlin 1910, pp.7

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
posted on the web for psm-data; many thanks to

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz 

Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz

Kartenabteilung

Dokument in deutscher Sprache