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Imperialism | Colonial Policy

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Atlas of Germany's Colonies and Illustrated Yearbook, edited by P. Sprigade and M. Moisel, 1913, General Information

General Information (S. 9)

Trade. The German foreign trade in 1912 reached a volume of 19,700,000,000 Mark. The following table shows it's development over the last decade (in million Mark) :

  1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910
Import
Export
5805.3
4812.8
6321.1
5130.0
6854.5
5315.6
7436.0
5841.8
8028.9
6361.2
8748.9
6846.2
7666.6
6399.0
8526.9
6594.2
8934.1
7474.2
Foreign Trade,  Total Volume 10618.6 11451.1 12170.1 13277.4 14390.1 15595.1 14065.6 15121.1 16408.3



Since 1902, the foreign trade thus rose by 86 %.

Merchant Fleet : as of January first 1893 : 3728 ships with a capacity of 1.3 million tons net and a combined crew of 41.625 men. As of January 1st 1911 : 4675 ships with 2.9 million tons capacity and a combined crew of 73,993 men.

German Sea Traffic : 1898 : 133,874 ships with combined 27.45 million tons, 1909 : 219,761 ships with combined 57.13 million tons.

German Navy : Early in 1913 the Imperial navy had 20 ships of the line with 463,000 tons, two coastal armoured vessels with 8,300 tons, 12 armoured cruisers with 161,000 tons, 32 protected cruisers, 4 unprotected cruisers, 9 gunboats, about 20 ships for educational purpose, without combat value, 11 special vessels, 2 harbour vessels, 122 large and 47 small torpedo boats and 18 submarines. They have a combined crew of 64,500 men. England has 55 battleships with 946,000 tons, 41 armoured cruisers with 572,000 tons, 66 protected cruisers with 343,000 tons, 268 torpedo boat destroyers, 29 torpedo boats 1st class and 86 submarines; combined crew 136,500 men. - The great powers' navy budgets in 1912/13 amount to (after Weyer, Taschenbuch fuer Kriegsflotten) Deutsches Reich 462 million Mark, England 899, France 339, United States 530, Russia 355, Japan 195, Italy 174, Austria 119 million Mark.
Abroad the German fleet in 1912/13 maintained the following stations :
I. The West African Station (western coast of Africa with offshore island groups), 2 gunboats (Panther, Eber), 1 survey ship (Moewe).
II. The East African Station (Eastern Coast of Africa with offshore island, Red Sea, Persian Gulf), 2 unprotected cruisers (Seeadler, Geier)
III. East and West coast of America. 1 small protected cruiser (Bremen).
IV. Australian Station (Australia and South Pacific Islands), 2 small unprotected cruisers (Condor, Cormoran), 1 survey ship (Planet).
V. East Asiatic Station (Eastern and southern coast of Asia with offshore islands, including the east indian archipelago)
a) the cruiser squadron : 2 armored cruisers (Scharnhorst, Gneisenau), 3 small protected cruisers (Leipzig, Nuernberg, Emden), 1 accompanying steamer (Titania)
b) placed under the cruiser squadron are : 4 gunboats (Iltis, Jaguar, Tiger, Luchs), 3 river gunboats (Tsingtau, Vaterland, Otter), 2 torpedo boats (Taku, S 90).

Traffic in the Suez Canal in 1,000 net registered tons

in the year

1870
1871
1880
1890
1900
1910

British

289.2
546.5
2432.9
5331.1
5605.4
10413.6

German

-
2.1
37.8
490.6
1466.4
2563.7

French

84.7
89.1
185.4
365.9
751.8
833.0

Dutch

0.3
0.6
125.7
248.5
507.0
854.5



The International Cable Net.

The international maritime cable net consists of 2542 cables with a combined length of 511,417 km as compared to 2528 cables with a total length of 498,951 km in 1911. Of these 2542 cables,
I. cables owned by governments 2137 cables (1911 : 2129) with a length of 91517 km (90689)
II. cables owned by private companies 405 (399) with a total length of 419900 (408262) km.

 

The Largest Shares of State-Owned Cables

No. 1911 length 1911 No. 1912 length 1912
France 77 21,043 77 21,043
Pacific Cable Board 5 14,539 5 14,539
(Britain, Australian Fed., New Zealand, Canada)
Japan 176 7,348 179 7,531
Spain 24 5,808 24 5,808
Dutch East Indies 16 5,145 18 5,695
Germany 97 5,532 97 5,532
Britain 222 5,003 222 5,003
USA 13 3,981 13 3,981
British India 6 3,603 6 3,603
Norway 770 2,598 770 2,598
Italy

58

2,359

58

2,359




The Largest Shares of Cables owned by Private Companies

No. 1911 length 1911 No. 1912 length 1912
Eastern Telegraph Company, London 102 75,932 104 79,678
Eastern Extens Austral. a. China T.C., London 35 44,489 35 44,489
Western Tel. C., London 30 44,217 30 44,217
Commercial Cable Comp., Paris 15 30,756 15 30,756
Anglo-American T.C., London 13 17,724 15 24,111
C. Francaise D. C. T., Paris 24 21,203 24 21,203
Central a. S. American T. C., New York 21 20,471 21 20,471
E. a. S. African T. C., London 17 19,460 17 19,460
Commercial Pacific C. C., New York 6 18,570 6 18,570
Deutsch-Atlantische Telegraphengesellschaft, Köln 5 17,728 5 17,728
Grande Compagnie des telegraphes du Nord, Kopenhagen 27 16,509 27 16,509
Western Union Telegraph Comp., New York 12 13,648 12 13,648
Deutsch-Südamerikanische Telegraphengesellschaft, Köln 3 10,715 3 10,715



Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel. Berlin 1913, p.9f

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
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