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Atlas of Germany's Colonies and Illustrated Yearbook, edited by P. Sprigade and M. Moisel, 1913, The German Protectorates

The German Protectorates (I) (p.10)

I. The German Protectorates' white population, 1912 

  adults adults children children total pop. total pop. together
  male female male female male female  
Togo 282 61 - 2 282 63 345
Kamerun 1,295 178 37 27 1,332 205 1,537
Südwestafrika 9,046 2,808 1,491 1,471 10,537 4,279 14,816
Südostafrika 3,239 919 390 318 3,629 1,237 4,866
Neu-Guinea :
Bismarck-Archipel
Kaiser-Wilhelmsland
Salomoinseln
Ostkarolinen
565 201 42 45 607 246 853
Marshallinseln, Nauru
West-Karolinen, Palau
173 44 10 12 183 56 239
Marianas 155 20 3 3 158 28 186
Samoa 345 98 24 33 369 131 500
sum 1912 15,100 4,329 1,997 1,916 17,097 6,245 23,342
sum 1911 14,476 3,760 1,728 1,703 16,204 5,463 21,667
gain 624 569 269 213 893 782 1,675

II. Our Colonies' coloured population, 1912

For the first time the official report has data on the indigenous and non-indigenous population for all our protectorates. Togo has (partly established on the basis of a census, partly estimated) 1,003,000 inhabitants. Kamerun (census, estimation) 2,537,400, Suedwestafrika 81,950 (without the Ovambos) indigenous coloureds and 4,170 non-indigenous coloureds, Ostafrika 7,495,800 indigenous and 14,900 non-indigenous coloureds, Neuguinea (estimated) 600,900, Samoa 33,550 aborigines ansd 2350 chinese and melanesian workers, so that the overall coloured population of our colonies adds up to about 12 million.

III. The Trade of the German Protectorates in 1911 

Protectorat Import Export Total
Togo 9,620,030 9,317,552 18,937,582
Kamerun 29,317,514 21,250,883 50,568,397
Südwestafrika 45,301,655 28,573,244 73,875,199
Südostafrika 45,891,642 22,437,760 98,329,402
African Protectorates 130,131,141 81,579,439 211,710,580
Neu-Guinea :      
Bismarck-Archipel and Kaiser-Wilhelmsland 5,298,737 4,109,420 9,408,157
Ost-Karolinen, Marshall-Inseln 1,729,465 6,271,189 8,000,654
West-Karolinen, Palau, Marianen 986,629 1,646,242 2,632,871
Neu-Guinea together 8,014,831 12,026,851 20,041,682
Samoa 4,086,238 4,389,983 8,456,221
total 1911 140,212,210 97,996,273 240,208,483
total 1912 128,842,188 100,841,289 229,683,477
addition (+) / decline (-) + 13,370,022 - 2,845,016 + 10,525,006

III. The Trade of the Protectorates 1900-1911 

A.) Imports (in 1000 Mark) 

I . African Protectorates

1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1905 1904 1903 1901 1900
East Africa 45,892 38,659 33,942 25,787 23,806 17,655 14,339 11,188 9,511 12.031
Kamerun 29,317 25,481 34,713 16,789 17,297 13,467 9,378 9,638 9,397 14.245
Togo 9,620 11,466 11,235 8,509 6,700 7,760 6,898 6,105 4,723 3.517
South West Africa 45,302 44,344 17,723 33,179 32,396 23,632 10,057 7,931 10,075 6.968
total I 130,131 119,950 97,613 84,264 80,199 62,514 40,672 34,862 33,706 36.761

II. Pacific Protectorates

Bismarck-Archipelago 5,299 3,890 2,666 2,385 2,588 2,271 1,759 2,115 1,331 1,288
Kaiser-Wilhelmsland 723 815 686 567 799 325 378
Eastern Carolines 2,716 2,355 3,795 226 490 1,392 209 442 589 -
Western Carolines, Palau 389 490 136 125 359 -
Marianas 1,367 176 120 72
1,495
Marshall-Islands 651 444 498 -
Samoa 4,066 3,462 3,338 2,503 2,826 3,387 2,317 2,681 1,571 2,106
total II 12,081 9,707 9,799 7,613 8,544 8,858 5,797 6,946 4,450 4,369
total I + II 142,212 129,657 107,412 91,857 88,743 71,372 45,469 41,808 38,156 41,130

(p.11)

III. The Trade of the Protectorates 1900-1911

B.) Exports (in 1000 Mark)

I . African Protectorates

1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1905 1904 1903 1901 1900
East Africa 22,438 20,805 13,120 10,874 12,500 9,950 8,951 7,054 4,623 4,294
Kamerun 21,251 19,924 15,701 12,164 15,891 9,315 8,021 7,565 6,264 5,886
Togo 9,317 2,222 7,372 6,893 5,916 3,957 3,551 3,616 3,691 3,059
South West Africa 28,573 34,691 22,071 7,795 1,616 216 299 3,444 1,242 908
total I 81,579 82,642 58,264 37,726 35,923 23,438 20,822 21,679 15,820 14,147

II. Pacific Protectorates

Bismarck-Archipelago 4,109 3,623 2,459 1,426 1,690 1,179 1,130 966 1,191 797
Kaiser-Wilhelmsland 281 303 156 54 243 212 212
Eastern Carolines 7,967 11,042 5,869 98 111 101 200 181 483 -
Western Carolines, Palau 231 255 136 125 359 -
Marianas 97 154 231
Marshall-Islands 4,016 1,111 700 583 522 -
Samoa 4,390 3,534 3,021 2,671 1,770 2,029 1,675 1,385 1,006 1,266
total II 16,416 18,199 11,349 8,723 5,240 4,398 3,923 3,884 3,568 2,831
total I and II 97,995 100,841 69,613 46,449 41,163 27,836 24,744 25,563 19,368 16,978

III. The Trade of the Protectorates 1900-1911 

C.) Total Trade Amount (in 1000 Mark) 

1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1905 1904 1903 1901 1900
(I) African Protectorates 211,710 202,592 155,877 121,990 116,122 85,952 61,494 56,541 49,526 50,908
(II) Pacific Protectorates 28,497 27,906 21,148 16,336 12,782 13,256 9,719 10,830 8,018 7,200
total 240,207 230,498 177,025 138,326 129,904 99,298 71,213 67,371 57,544 58,108


The figures for export and import of the German protectorate Kiautschou are given on page 38.

The Railways in the German Protactorates

Protectorates and Line

Total length Gauge width in m Year of opening
1. Togo
a. Küstenbahn 44 1,- 1905
b. Lome-Palime 109 1,- 1907
c. Lome-Atakpame 167 1,- 1911
2. Kamerun
a. Nordbahn (Manengubahn) 160 1,- 1911
b. Mittelbahn (Duala-Njong-Fluss) 360 1,- ?*
3. Südwestafrika
a. Otawibahn 578 0,60 1906
b. Swakopmund-Windhuk 382 0,60 (1,07) 1902/1911
c. Otawi-Grootfontein 93 0,60 1909
d. Nord-Südbahn (Windhuk-Keetmanshop (sic !)) 506 1,07 1912
e. Südbahn (Lüderitzbucht-Keetmanshoop mit Abzweigung Seeheim-Kalkfontein) 545 1,07 1909
4. Ostafrika
a. Zentralbahn (Daressalam-Kigoma) 1260 1,- ?**
b. Usambarabahn 352 1,- 1911
c. Sigibahn 23 0,75 1910
5. Kiautschou
a. Schantungeisenbahn 435 1,- 1904

* early in 1913 81 km were in service 
** early in 1913 c. 850 km in service

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Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel. Berlin 1913, p.10ff.

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
posted on the web for psm-data; many thanks to

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz 

Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz

Kartenabteilung

Dokument in deutscher Sprache