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Imperialism | Colonial Policy

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Atlas of Germany's Colonies and Illustrated Yearbook, edited by P. Sprigade and M. Moisel, 1914, General Observations
General Observations (p.11)

Trade. The German foreign trade in 1913 reached a value of 29.868 billion Marks. Its development over the last decade is illustrated by the following table :l

  1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912
import 5805,3 6321,1 6854,5 7436,0 8028,9 8748,9 7666,6 8526,9 8934,1 970,6 10695
export 4812,8 5130,0 5315,6 5841,8 6361,2 6846,2 6399,0 6594,2 7474,2 810,6 8957
total trade 10618,6 11451,1 12170,1 13277,4 14390,1 15595,1 14065,6 15121,1 16408,3 1781,2 19652


According to this, trade since 1902 has increased by almost 100 %.

Merchand Fleet : on January 1st 1893 : 5728 ships with a total of 1.3 million net register tons and a combined crew of 41,635 men. in January 1st 1911 : 5675 ships with 2.9 million net register tons and a combined crew of 73,993 men.

German navigation 1893 : 133,874 ships with 27.45 million register tons. 1909 : 219,761 ships with 57.13 million register tons. 1911 226,270 ships with 63.20 million register tons.

Navy : Early in 1914 the Imperial navy had 33 ships of the line with 537,000 tons, one coastal armoured vessel with 4,150 tons, 13 armoured cruisers with 186,000 tons, 34 protected cruisers, 9 unprotected cruisers, 9 gunboats, about 20 ships for educational purpose, without combat value, 11 special vessels, 2 harbour vessels, 140 large and 47 small torpedo boats and 18 submarines. They have a combined crew of 73,115 men. 
England has 57 battleships with 1,017,000 tons, 43 armoured cruisers with 621,400 tons, 61 protected cruisers with 318,000 tons, 272 torpedo boat destroyers, 29 torpedo boats 1st class and 75 submarines; combined crew 146,414 men. - The great powers' navy budgets in 1913/14 amount to (after Weyer, Taschenbuch für Kriegsflotten) Deutsches Reich 467 million Mark, England 945, France 369, United States 590, Russia 497, Japan 202, Italy 205, Austria 155 million Mark.

Abroad the German fleet in 1913 maintained the following stations :

Abroad the German fleet in 1913 maintained the following stations :
I. The West African Station (western coast of Africa with offshore island groups), 2 gunboats (Panther, Eber), 1 survey ship (Moewe).
II. The East African Station (Eastern Coast of Africa with offshore island, Red Sea, Persian Gulf), 2 unprotected cruisers (Seeadler, Geier)
III. East and West coast of America. 1 small protected cruiser (Bremen).
IV. Australian Station (Australia and South Pacific Islands), 2 small unprotected cruisers (Condor, Cormoran), 1 survey ship (Planet).
V. East Asiatic Station (Eastern and southern coast of Asia with offshore islands, including the east indian archipelago)
a) the cruiser squadron : 2 armored cruisers (Scharnhorst, Gneisenau), 3 small protected cruisers (Leipzig, Nuernberg, Emden), 1 accompanying steamer (Titania)
b) placed under the cruiser squadron are : 4 gunboats (Iltis, Jaguar, Tiger, Luchs), 3 river gunboats (Tsingtau, Vaterland, Otter), 2 torpedo boats (Taku, S 90).

Traffic in the Suez Canal in 1,000 net registered tons in the year

In the year

British

German

French

Dutch

1870 289,2 - 84,7 0,3
1871 546,5 2,1 89,1 0,6
1880 2432,9 37,8 185,4 125,7
1890 5331,1 490,6 365,9 248,5
1900 5605,4 1466,4 751,8 507,0
1910 10413,6 2563,7 833,0 854,5



The International Cable Net.

The international maritime cable net consists of 2576 cables with a combined length of 531,691 km as compared to 2528 cables with a total length of 498,951 km in 1911. Of these 2576 cables,
I. cables owned by governments 2164 cables (1911 : 2129) with a length of 100,989 km (90,689)
II. cables owned by private companies 412 (399) with a total length of 430,702 (408,262) km.

 

I. The Largest Shares of State-Owned Cables

no. 1913 length 1913 no. 19123 length 1912
France 81 23,053 77 21,043
Pacific Cable Board 7 17,009 5 14,539
(England, Australian Federation, New Zealand and Canada)
Japan 180 9,114 179 7,531
Spain 24 5,803 24 5,808
Dutch East Indies 21 7,669 18 5,695
Germany 98 5,474 97 5,532
England 225 5,315 222 5,003
USA 15 4,001 13 3,981
British India 6 3,603 6 3,603
Norway 770 2,598 770 2,598
Italy

58

3,024

58

2,359


(p.12)

II. The Largest Shares of Cables owned by Private Companies

no. 1913 length 1913 no. 1912 length 1912
Eastern Telegraph Company, London 106 84.187 104 79.678
Eastern Extens Austral. a. China T.C., London 36 47.099 35 44.489
Western Tel. C., London 30 44.217 30 44.217
Commercial Cable Comp., Paris 15 30.783 15 30.756
Anglo-American T.C., London 15 24.111 15 24.111
C. Francaise D. C. T., Paris 24 21.203 24 21.203
Central a. S. American T. C., New York 24 20.644 21 20.471
E. a. S. African T. C., London 17 19.460 17 19.460
Commercial Pacific C. C., New York 6 18.570 6 18.570
Deutsch-Atlantische Telegraphengesellschaft, Köln 5 17.730 5 17.728
Grande Compagnie des telegraphes du Nord, Kopenhagen 29 17.309 27 16.509
Western Union Telegraph Comp., New York 9 13.606 12 13.648
Deutsch-Südamerikanische Telegraphengesellschaft, Köln 5 13.640 3 10.715



Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel. Berlin 1914, p.11f

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
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