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Imperialism | Colonial Policy

[P|S|M]

Atlas of Germany's Colonies and Illustrated Yearbook, edited by P. Sprigade and M. Moisel, 1914, The German Protectorates (II)
The German Protectorates (II)

The German Colonies' Production

We can only describe in figures the production for export; trade on the domestic market can not be described, and on production for domestic consumption there are only scattered data available. In case of certain items, the figures for production and export, however, are believed to be almost identical, for instance in the case of caoutchouc and pure plantation products such as sisal hemp and cocoa.

A. Animal Products

1. Living Animals (domesticated animals and wild beasts)

1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 610,000 420,000 229,000 242,000 133,717 88,566 78,893
Kamerun - 2,000 10,000 5,000 98,444 54,227 56,620
Südwestafrika 35,000 46,000 105,000 81,000 6,945 2,743 -
Deutsch-Ostafrika 44,000 69,000 73,000 97,000 175,382 219,709 150,609
total 689,000 537,000 417,000 425,000 414,488 365,245 285,122

Neu-Guinea in 1909 had exported 3300 bird-of-paradise bellows at a value of 65,000 Mark, in 1910 c. 4650 bellow at a value of 139,000 Mark, in 1911 even 8779 bellows at a value of 278,500 Mark. In 1912, at 9840 bellows for 449,000 Mark a peak was reached for the time being, as at the end of 1913 shooting birds-of-paradise was prohibited. 

A. Animal Products

2. Skins and hides (hides of wild beasts, fur of seals etc.)

  1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
  Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo - 12,000 3,000 14,000 7,182 24,961 8,196
Kamerun - 11,000 5,000 5,000 3,264 2,464 2,672
Südwestafrika 306,000 324,000 124,000 180,000 131,909 108,739 137,600
Deutsch-Ostafrika 4,067,000 3,037,000 2,889,000 2,030,000 841,469 1,898,045 2,030,730
total 4,373,000 3,384,000 3,021,000 2,229,000 983,824 2,034,209 2,179,198

 

A. Animal Products

3. Ivory (Elephant Tusks)

 

1912

1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
 

Mark

Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 42,000 36,000 33,000 46,000 80,730 131,393 64,207
Kamerun 536,000 581,000 625,000 879,000 900,368 1,073,802 904,733
Südwestafrika - - 22,000 - 1,375 125 90
Deutsch-Ostafrika 361,000 486,000 743,000 1,026,000 605,829 633,397 433,380
total 939,000 1,103,000 1,423,000 1,980,000 1,588,302 1,868,717 1,402,410

A. Animal Products

4. Beeswax

  1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
  Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Deutsch-Ostafrika

829,000

816,000 672,000 659,000 1,168,128 1,471,248 788,105

Further production of animal products in the German colonies is not yet of considerable importance. To be mentioned are : milk, butter, cheese, eggs (export Deutsch-Ostafrikas 1912 : 258,000 Mark, 1911 : 187,000 Mark, 1910 : 170,000 Mark, 1909 : 145,000 Mark, 1908 : 86,316 Mark, 1907 : 179,000 Mark, 1906 : 138,000 Mark, 1905 : 152,000 Mark, 1904 : 122,000 Mark), meat and meat products (Südwestafrika 1912 : 25,000 Mark, 1911 : 15,000 Mark, 1910 : 23,000 Mark; Deutsch-Ostafrika 1912 : 18,000 Mark, 1911 : 10,000 Mark), wool (Deutsch-Südwestafrika exported in 1912 for 150,000 Mark, 1911 for 74,000 Mark, 1910 for 76,000 Mark, 1909 for 35,000 Mark, 1908 for 19,000 Mark, 1907 for 7,000 Mark, 1906 fur 2,000 Mark), ostrich feathers (export Deutsch-Südwestafrikas 1912 : 97,000 Mark, 1911 : 80,000 Mark, 1910 : 52,000 Mark, 1909 : 35,000 Mark, 1908 : 68,000 Mark, 1907 : 41,000 Mark, 1906 : 51,000 Mark), tortoise shell and mother-of-pearl (export from the German Pacific colonies 1912 : 473,000 Mark, 1911 : 314,000 Mark, 1910 : 233,000 Mark, 1909 : 57,000 Mark, 1908 : 57,000 Mark, 1907 : 140,000 Mark, 1906 : 228,000 Mark); from Deutsch-Ostafrika 1912 : 0; 1911 : 28,000 Mark, 1910 : 27,000 Mark, 1909 : 23,000 Mark, 1908 : 8,000 Mark), Trepang (prepared sea animals, Holothuria species, export from the Pacific islands 1912, 1911 and 1910 : 32,000 Mark each, 1909 : 54,000, 1908 : 16,000, 1907 : 43,000, 1906 : 38,000 Mark), shark fins (export of the Marshall-Islands 1911 : 1000 Mark, 1910 : - Mark, 1909 : 1000 Mark, 1908 : 2000, 1907 : 6000, 1906 : 1000 Mark) and finally Guano (Südwestafrika 1912 : 46,000 Mark, 1911 : 8000 Mark, 1910 : - Mark, 1909 : 4000 Mark, 1908 : 8000 Mark, 1907 : 12,000 Mark, 1906 : 24,000 Mark, The total value of the animal products produced in the German protectorates and sold on the world market mounted, on average in the last years, about 8 million Mark.

B. Plant Products

1. Caoutchouc and Guttapercha

1912

1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906

Mark

Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 976,000 832,000 1,147,000 969,000 587,000 1,095,000 1,161,000
Kamerun 11,472,000 11,030,000 11,072,000 7,552,000 4,780,000 7,641,000 4,677,000
Deutsch-Ostafrika 8,390,000 4,781,000 6,195,000 2,768,000 1,003,000 2,039,000 2,386,000
Südsee 274,000 120,000 79,000 46,000 42,000 16,000 4,000
total 21,112,000 16,763,000 18,493,000 11,335,000 6,412,000 10,791,000 8,228,000

(p.15) 

B. Plant Products

2. Cotton

1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 522,000 560,000 456,000 417,000 366,000 231,000 165,000
Deutsch-Ostafrika 2,110,000 1,356,000 751,000 440,000 249,000 225,000 179,300
total 2,632,000 1,916,000 1,207,000 857,000 615,000 456,000 344,300

As in the previous year, Kamerun again registered the export of a small amount of cotton.

B. Plant Products

3. Sisal Hemp

1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Deutsch-Ostafrika

7,359,000

4,532,000 3,012,000 2,333,000 2,866,000 2,162,000 1,368,000

Neu-Guinea also has exported Sisal hemp, for 10,500 Mark. 

B. Plant Products

4. Copra

1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 61,000 64,000 41,000 34,000 19,000 11,000 8,000
Ostafrika 1,563,000 1,845,000 2,343,000 798,000 806,000 1,345,000 1,087,000
Bismarck-Archipel, Kaiser-Wilhelmsland 6,010,000 4,500,000 3,039,000 2,172,000 1,550,000 1,808,000 1,419,000
Ost-Karolinen 196,000 140,000 85,000 79,000 124,000
West-Karolinen, Palau and Marianen 290,000 186,000 144,000 116,000 145,000
Marshall-Inseln 787,000 730,000 712,000 408,000 570,000
Samoa 4,070,000 3,583,000 2,971,000 2,580,000 2,355,000 1,560,000 2,891,000
total 11,704,000 16,763,000 9,667,000 6,640,000 5,671,000 5,327,000 6,244,000

B. Plant Products

5. Palm Kernels, Palm Oil

1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 4,792,000 5,267,000 3,286,000 2,547,000 1,555,000 1,399,000 862,000
Kamerun 6,027,000 5,592,000 4,813,000 3,708,000 3,191,000 4,183,000 2,958,000
total 10,819,000 10,839,000 8,079,000 6,255,000 4,746,000 5,582,000 3,820,000

B. Plant Products

6. Coffee

1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Deutsch-Ostafrika

1,903,000

1,286,000 838,000 886,000 942,000 549,000 531,000

In 1911, Togo exported coffee for 2000 Marks, in 1912 none. Neu-Guinea also produces a little coffee, 1908 12,000 Mark, 1909 : 9000 Mark, 1910, 1911 and 1912 a negligible amount, Samoa the same.

B. Plant Products

7. Cocoa

1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo 243,000 174,000 96,000 94,000 69,000 51,000 22,000
Kamerun 4,242,000 3,327,000 3,055,000 2,854,000 2,654,000 2,704,000 1,167,000
Deutsch-Ostafrika 14,000 10,000 - - - - -
Neu-Guinea 75,000 73,000 - - - - -
Samoa 840,000 770,000 555,000 406,000 245,000 117,000 101,000
total 5,414,000 4,354,000 3,706,000 3,354,000 2,968,000 2,872,000 1,290,000

 

B. Plant Products

8. Maize

1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo

231,000

174,000 290,000 979,000 2,031,000 1,199,000 433,000

Deutsch-Ostafrika in 1912 exported maize for 58,000 Mark.

B. Plant Products

9. Lumber

1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Togo - 7,000 4,000 4,000 8,000 6,000 2,000
Kamerun 696,000 388,000 144,000 177,000 159,000 95,000 119,000
Deutsch-Ostafrika 248,000 614,000 482,000 128,000 123,000 59,000 40,000
total 944,000 1,009,000 630,000 309,000 290,000 160,000 161,000

A number of further export products originate from our colonies' flora. Ostafrika exports legumes, mainly from the coast to Zanzibar (1912 : 270,000 Mark, 1911 : 50,000 Mark, 1910 : 193,000 Mark, 1909 : 82,000 Mark, 1908 : 73,000 Mark), from the Lake Region to British East Africa (1912 : 205,000 Mark, 1911 : 122,000 Mark, 1910 : 104,000 Mark, 1909 : 80,000 Mark, 1908 : 147,000 Mark), grain and rice (despite the fact that the colony's own consumption has to be imported), further fruit, bananas, pineapples, fresh coconuts, Kola and Njabi nuts (Kamerun 1912 : 194,000 Mark, 1911 : 102,000 Mark, 1910 : 51,000 Mark, 1909 : 31,000 Mark), spices (Togo's pepper export 1910 and 1909 : 7000 Mark each, 1911 : 9000 Mark, 1912 : 21,000 Mark; Deutsch-Ostafrika 1912 : 9000 Mark, 1911 : 14,000 Mark), Kawa roots (Samoa's export 1912 : 21,000 Mark, 1911 : 23,000 Mark, 1910 : 6000 Mark, 1909 : 33,000 Mark, 1908 : 62,000 Mark, 1907 : 84,000 Mark, 1906 : 25,000 Mark), tobacco (Deutsch-Ostafrika 1908 : 51,000 Mark, 1909 : 17,000 Mark, 1910 : 12,000 Mark, 1911 : 20,000 Mark, 1912 : 25,000 Mark; Kamerun (1912 : 32,000 Mark, 1911 : 25,000 Mark, 1910 : 4000 Mark) and Micronesia smaller amounts, oil seeds such as sesame, peanuts (Deutsch-Ostafrika 1912 : 1,799,000 Mark, 1911 : 994,000 Mark, 1910 : 596,000 Mark, 1909 : 231,000 Mark, 1908 : 344,000 Mark), schibutter (1908 Togo 19,000 Mark, 1909 even 188,000 Mark, 1910 again only 11,000 Mark, 1911 : 24,000 Mark, 1912 : - Mark, Kamerun 1908 : 4000 Mark, 1909 : 23,000 Mark, 1910 : 14,000 Mark, 1911 : 5000 Mark, 1912 : 13,000 Mark), finally tanning barks (Mangroven und tanner's acacias) and stone nuts (export Bismarck-Archipelago 1912 : 97,000 Mark, 1911 : 21,000 Mark, 1910 : 32,000 Mark, 1908 and 1909 9,000 Mark each, 1907 : 6000 Mark, 1906 : 3000 Mark). The total value of plant products exported from our colonies in 1908 considerably exceeded 50 million Marks. Bordering between plant and mineral products is the copal, white to reddish resin of a tree growing wild, which technically is all the more valuable if produced by excavating subterranean deposits, the remnants of decomposed tree parts.

Copal

1912 1911 1910 1909 1908 1907 1906
Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark Mark
Kamerun - 2,000 2,000 2,000 4,000 3,000 4,000
Deutsch-Ostafrika 120,000 107,000 149,000 152,000 139,000 138,000 118,000
total 120,000 107,000 151,000 154,000 143,000 141,000 122,000

(p.16)

C.) Mineral Products

To be mentioned are gold (export Deutsch-Ostafrika 1912 : 531,000 Mark, 1911 : 1,023,000 Mark, 1910 : 843,000 Mark, 1909 : 240,000 Mark, 1908 : 18,000 Mark, 1907 : 32,000 Mark, 1906 : 22,000 Mark), diamonds (first finds near Lüderitzbucht Juli 1908 : export 1908 : 51,000 Mark, 1909 : 15,436,000 Mark, 1910 : 26,869,000 Mark, 1911 only 23,034,000 Mark, by contrast 1912 again 30,414,000 Mark), copperr (export Deutsch-Südwestafrika 1906 : 230 tons, 47,000 Mark, 1907 : 8427 tons, 1,283,000 Mark, 1908 : 31,000 tons, 6,296,000 Mark, 1909 : 4,655,000 Mark, 1910 : 5,697,000 Mark, 1911 : 3,754,000 Mark, 1912 : 6,523,000 Mark), lead (Südwestafrika 1912 : 228,000 Mark, 1911 : 346,000 Mark, 1910 : 861,000 Mark, 1909 : 982,000 Mark), phosphates (Pacific islands 1907 : 698,000 Mark, 1908 : 3,301,000 Mark, 1909 : 4,693,000 Mark, 1910 : 3,657,000 Mark, 1911 : 6,568,000 Mark, 1912 : 4,991,000 Mark). "More and more it is realised that over the years a considerable part of our consumption of raw materials can and must be covered by our colonies," Secretary of State Herr von Lindequist stated in his programmatical speech in Reichstag.


Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel. Berlin 1914, p.12ff.

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
posted on the web for psm-data; many thanks to

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz 

Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz

Kartenabteilung

Dokument in deutscher Sprache