Colonial Policy|| |
Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch (Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook),
edited by the German Colonial Society, 1918, Guiding
Principles of Colonial Policy
Principles of Colonial Policy
I. The Necessity of Overseas and Especially Colonial Activity
1. Overseas and especially colonial undertakings are indispensable for
political, economic, ethical and national reasons, if the German people is
resolved to remain a leading world nation, the Deutsches Reich a great power.
2. An extension of our territory in Europe certainly is as pressing for the
German nation as is the economic union of befriended states in Central Europe
and toward the orient; the possession of owbn colonies provides the necessary
completion of European Germany, by the means of which it becomes to its allies
an even more valuable friend, politically and economically.
II. Military Security for our Overseas and Colonial Activity
3. If it will prove a demand impossible to realize to protect every colony
permanently against every enemy, and if it would be inappropriate, when it comes
to the acquisition of colonies, to apply military criteria alone, according to
the means available care should be taken that our future colonial empire not
again will be exposed practically defenseless to a hostile attack.
4. A sufficiently strong navy will always have to be the protection of overseas
and colonial activity; the protection of certain overland connections can
function as a valuable complement to this navy task, but can not replace it as
5. In addition to a navy the military and political protection of our overseas
and colonial activity requires the acquisition of bases, namely a sufficient
number of naval bases, coal stations, cable and radio telegraph stations.
6. Inasfar as these stations are not located on islands, for military, economic
and financial considerations it is urgently desired that they are attached to a
colonial hinterland sufficient in size.
III. Our future Colonial Empire in General
7. The great demand of Germany and her allies, when it comes to colonial raw
materials, the necessity to secure markets for her industry, especially
compensation for the exclusion from previous markets, already implemented by our
opponents or planned for the near future, require the acquisition of large
colonial possessions without despondency, all the more, as a favourable
opportunity will not reappear soon.
8. As attractive the idea may be to limit oneself to a cohesive colonial area
and to give up all other colonial territory, a glimpse on the manifold political
and economic demands and interests of the Deutsches Reich shows that a colonial
empire to be established in Africa alone does not suffice us.
Africa is the colonial field located closest; but the extraordinarily great
future of China requires us to hold on to and acquire bases in the territory of
the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
9. When a new colonial empire is created, firstly we have to hold on to our
present colonies (p.41).
10. When it comes to the selection of new colonies, the following criteria have
to be observed :
a) national : acquisition of new settlement territory
b) militarily :
1. positive : acquisition of bases;
2. negative : acquisition of such colonies, which are actually suited or seem to
be so in the eyes of our enemies to strengthen their hidden power by providing
c). economically : Field of activity for German labour and German capital,
especially in order to secure
1. the supply of raw materials, especially of those, in the case of which the
lack is critical, or the possession of which is valuable to us for other
2. the market for German products. Herefore a numerous population willing to
work and capable of purchase is an important precondition; health conditions
also have to be considered. The existence of German interest has to be
d) financially : Those colonies the development of which do not require large
Reich credits are to be preferred.
e) geographically :
1. positive : adjacent to our present colonies ;
2. negative : prevent that certain colonies of other nations fall prey
economically or politically to other powers or remain under their influence, the
rule of whom there is especially disturbing to us.
Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with
Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel, Surveys and retrospects
by Dr. Karstedt. Berlin 1918, p.40f|
(digitalisation) and AG
posted on the web for psm-data;
many thanks to
zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Dokument in deutscher