Jelacic - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,


Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Jellacic (1910)
J.F.N. Jellacic de Buzim, Joseph, Count, Austrian military, son of the Austrian general Baron Franz Jellacic de Buzim (born 1746, died 1810), born in 1801, died in 1859 in Agram, became officer in 1819 and major of an infantry regiment in 1841. At the outbreak of the Hungarian rebellion in 1848 he was lieutenant field marshall and newly-appointed Ban of the three united kingdoms Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia. He unfolded a wide-ranging activity. After having made preparations for war, Jellacic on September 11th invaded Hungary with 40,000 men and pushed back the Hungarians. The advance of the latter toward Vienna caused him to move there; when the Austrians again began their attack, he was given command over the right wing, and with it gained many victories. After the occupation of Buda and the victory at Tapio-Bicske he was elevated to quartermaster and commander of the Southern Army, in which function he fought with changing success. After the termination of hostilities he returned to his former offices in Croatia. In 1854 he was elevated to Count.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Jellachich
Jellachich de Buzim, Joseph, Count von, Austrian quartermaster, Ban of Croatia, oldest son of the former, born on October 16th 1801 in Peterwardein, died on May 20th 1859 in Agram, received his education at the Theresian Military Academy in Vienna, in 1819 joined the 3rd dragoon regiment there, in 1841 already was major of the 1st Banat regiment, in the Military Frontier. By the events of 1848 he gained great political importance. At the request of the Croats he was appointed Ban of the United Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia on March 23rd 1848, soon afterward secret counselor, lieutenant field marshal, the holder of two regiments and commanding general in the united Banat-Varasdin-Karlstadt general command. Jellachich, with all resoluteness, began the struggle against the explicitly Hungarian Party, the so-called Magyarones, which stubbornly pursued the policy of the Magyarization of the Southern Slavs, but also counteracted the National Party dominated by Gaj, which demanded the full autonomy of the triunite kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia. Although being accused in Vienna by the Hungarian government of arbitrary decrees, and called to the Court in Innsbruck to answer the charges, he remained in Agram, convoked the diet for June 6th and had himself installed as Ban by the archbishop of Karlowitz. He called on the assembled deputees to defend their nationality and to be loyal to the Emperor, and then, in the company of a Croat deputation, departed for Innsbruck. His deposition, which already had been decided upon, was cancelled; but as any reconciliation with Hungary remained without success, Jellachich, once returned home, immediately prepared for war. He published two manifestos. In September 1848 he formally was restored to all his offices; on September 11th, with a force of 40,000 men of the frontier force, he crossed the Croatian-Hungarian border, pressed by the Hungarian forces, after concluding a three day truce, he turned to Vienna, where he united his force with the troops concentrated here to force the capital into submission, participated in the taking of Vienna, fought against the Hungarians in the Battle of Schwechat. In the winter campaign of 1848-1849 he lead the operations which resulted in the occupation of Raab, Pest and Ofen [Buda]. Appointed quartermaster in March 1849 and charged to merge his force with the shrunken Southern Army, and to command the operations in the south, he pushed the Hungarians under Bem across the Röerschanze and Franzenskanal and occupied the Bacska, but then was exposed to the attack of the Hungarian Southern Army under Perczel, was repelled at Hegyes on July 14th 1849 and forced to retreat. After the end of hostilities he returned to Agram, where since he held the office of Ban and civil and military commander of Croatia and Slavonia. In February 1853 he was given supreme command of the army concentrated because of the unrest in Montenegro; in April 1854 he was elevated to hereditary Count. A serious affliction of his mind darkened the later part of his life. A collection of "poems", among them many soldiers' songs, was published in Vienna in 1851.
source in German, posted by Zeno





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First posted on September 2nd 2009

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