Dufaure - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Nordisk Familjebok 1876-1899, Meyer 1885-1892


Nordisk Familjebok 1876-1899, Article : Dufaure (1880)
Dufaure, Jules Armand Stanislas, French statesman, born in Saujon (Departement Charente-Inferieure) on December 4th 1798. He began his career as advocat in Bordeaux, became member of the Chamber of Deputees in 1834, where he joined the Constitutional Liberal Party, was named Counselor of State in 1836, but already resigned that year. His lively and talented opposition to Mole provided him, when the cabinet Mole fell in 1839 and Marshal Soult became president of the council, a place in the new cabinet as minister for public works. But already on March 1st 1840 both Soult and Dufaure had to resign. As member of the Chamber of Deputees, which chose him its vice president in 1841 and 1845, he continuously developed great activity. His knowledge and eloquence were recognized by all parties. After the February Revolution (1848) he joined the republic and from October to December 1848 and from June to October 1849 was minister of the interior. As an active opponent of Napoleon's plans of empire, Dufaure after the coup d'etat of December 2nd 1851 had to return to his function as advocat. His fame for eloquence and hostility to the Empire in 1863 got him a place in the Academie Française. After the fall of Napoleon III., on February 8th 1871 five departements elected him member of the National Assembly, where he became one of the leaders of the Left Center. On February 19th that year, Thiers appointed him minister of justice and vice president of the council of ministers. When Thiers was toppled on May 24th 1873, Dufaure also resigned and joined the opposition against the cabinet Broglie. In March 1875, when Buffet became vice president of the council of ministers, Dufaure again became minister of justice. In the new elections in February 1876 he again became member of the Chamber of Deputees and in March that year, after the departure of Buffet, vice president of the council. The new cabinet, which had the Legitimists, Bonapartists and Radicals as opponents, and which could not lean with certainty on any other party than the than the Left Center, already had to resign in December 1876. But when the president of the republic, Marshal Mac Mahon, in December 1877, was forced to give in to the majority of the newly elected Chamber of Deputees, he turned to Dufaure, who after Thiers and Gambetta was the most dangerous opponent to the just toppled reactionary cabinet Broglie. Dufaure was persuaded, despite his high age, to one more time form a new cabinet (December 13th 1877). But after Mac Mahon resigned in January 1879, and Grevy was elected as his successor, the eighty year old Dufaure retired to private life. On August 12th 1876 he was elected senator for lifetime, and as such he since has participated in the parlamentarian life of his fatherland.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, Article : Dufaure
Dufaure, Jules Armand Stanislas, French statesman, born on December 4th 1798 in Saujon (Charente-Inferieure), since 1824 advocat in Bordeaux, in 1834 was elected representative of Saintes, and as such joined the Liberal-Constitutional Party. In the cabinet Thiers 1836 appointed counselor of state, in September that year, with the resignation of the cabinet Thiers he also resigned, and now resolutely opposed the cabinet Mole. When a new cabinet was formed on May 12th 1839, he became minister of public works, but he resigned his office when the proposal of a dotation for the Duke of Nemours was rejected, and since he oscillated for a while between the Left Center and the supporters of the cabinet, but in all important matters he voted with the opposition, until he became the head of a Center Party in 1844. After the February Revolution of 1848 elected into the National Assembly and into the Constitution Committee, he sincerely was devoted to the moderate republic. From the end of September to December 20th minister of the interior, he proved to be an active supporter of Cavaignac, resolutely hostile to the] candidacy of Louis Napoleon, and after the election of the latter on December 10th he resigned. He rejoined the cabinet as minister of the interior from June 2nd 1849, where he represented the opinion of the members of the "Cercle constitutionnel" which had been established under his presidency. On October 31st 1849, with the other members of the cabinet, he resigned and then became president of the Navy Commission. After the coup d'etat of December 2nd 1851 he withdrew from political life and resumed his function as advocat. On February 8th 1871 elected into the National Assembly, on February 16th in Bordeaux he proposed to appoint Thiers chef of the executive power in the French Republic, and on February 19th was appointed by the latter minister of justice. Dufaure completely agreed with Thiers' plan to establish a conservative republic and to prepare and secure the latter by constitutional laws, especially by the creation of a second chamber, and in the National Assembly repeatedly expressed himself in this spirit, also conducted the election of the Commission of the Thirty preparing these laws. After the resignation of Thiers, also Dufaure resigned from the cabinet, and as a moderate republican he contributed to the coming into being of the constitution of February 1875, after which he accepted the ministry of justice in the cabinet Buffet on March 10th, and on March 9th 1876 he took the helm of a new Liberal cabinet. But because of his sympathy for the Clerical Party he lost the confidence of the chamber, and already resigned on December 12th. His firm position loyal to the constitution during the second cabinet Broglie in 1877 he regained general popularity and after Broglie's fall and Mac Mahon's submission again was placed at the helm of a new cabinet, on December 13th 1877. After the election of Grevy late in January 1879 he again resigned, because he did not agree with the anticlerical position of the Chamber of Deputees. He died on June 28th 1881 in Paris.
See : G. Picot, M. Dufaure, sa vie et ses discours (Paris 1883).

source in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek





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DOCUMENTS Jules Armand Stanislas Dufaure, from EB 1911
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First posted on June 19th 2009

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