Berger - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,


Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Berger (1904)
Berger, Johann Nepomuk, Austrian lawyer and politician, born in 1816, became dr. jur. in 1841 in Vienna, and in 1844 teacher at the Theresian Ritter Academy, and in the following year began an advocature in that city with great success. In 1848 he was elected into the Frankfurt Parliament, where he belonged to the Liberal Great Germans and sharply opposed the proposal to offer the title of Emperor to the King of Prussia. In 1861 he was elected into the Lower Austrian diet and in 1863 into the Chamber of Deputees. There he was regarded the leader of the Liberal Party and as member of committees he refered on important proposed laws and as successful speaker he participated in paliamentary work. Already in 1861 had Berger taken position for a dualist reorganization of the monarchy (in the publication "Zur Lösung der österreichischen Verfassungsfrage) and this caused Beust to take him into his cabinet as minister without portfolio (December 1867). Berger belonged to the minority in the cabinet which wanted a compromise with the Slavic nationalities an the basis of direct election instead of diet delegations, and he resigned (January 1870) with Taaffe and Potocki, when their so-called "minority memorandum" was rejected. He died in December that year.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Berger
Berger, Johann Nepomuk, Austrian statesman, born on September 16th 1816 in Prossnitz in Moravia, died on December 9th in Vienna, studied law, philosophy and music, also wrote belletristic works under the pseudonym Sternau. In 1844 he became assistent for natural and criminal law at the Theresianum in Vienna. In 1848 he became vice president of the Vienna association of writers, and was consulted by the cabinet in regard to the press laws. Elected into the Frankfurt parliament, from June 1848 to April 1849 he was one of the wittiest, sharpest speakers of the extreme left, later became advocate in Vienna. In March 1861 elected into the Lower Austrian diet, Berger was sent by the latter into the Chamber of deputees in 1863, where he joined the Liberal Party. As a protagonist of the Ausgleich idea and of constitutionalism, Berger on December 30th 1867 was appointed minister without portfolio in the "burgher cabinet"; he wrote the so-called minority memorandum, resigned on January 15th 1870 and simultaneously resigned his mandates as deputee in the territorial diet and the Reichstag. In 1870 he was given the title of secret councillor.
He wrote : Die Pressfreiheit und das Pressgesetz, (Wien 1848); Die österreichische Wechselordnung vom 25. Jan. 1850 (Wien 1850); Kritische Beiträge zur Theorie des österreichischen allgemeinen Privatrechts (Wien 1856); Über die Todesstrafen (Wien 1864); Zur Lösung der österreichischen Verfassungsfrage (Wien 1861).

source in German, posted by Zeno





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First posted on August 3rd 2009

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