Bruck - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries

Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,

Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Bruck (1905)
Bruck, Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von, Austrian statesman, born in 1798 in Elberfeld, died in 1860 in Vienna, first became a merchant and in 1833 in Triest he founded the steam boat and insurance company Austrian Lloyd, the first director of which he was. In 1848 he was elected into the German National Assembly, and in the same year appointed Austria's plenipotentiary with the administrator of the German Empire, Archduke Johann. As minister of trade and [public] works in the cabinet Schwarzenberg- Stadion in 1848-1851 he actively worked toward reforms, reorganized his own ministry, introduced commercial courts and chambers of commerce, concluded several important trade agreements, tried to develop the country's resources by improving communication infrastructure and by abolishing customs barriers. When he concluded peace with Sardinia in the name of his government, he also concluded a trade and navigation agreement with that country. In May 1851 he resigned from the cabinet, after in 1849 having been elevated to Freiherr, and returned to his post as director of the Austrian Lloyd. After having conducted important customs negotiations with Prussia and the Zollverein, and in 1853-1855 served as Austrian ambassador in Constantinople, he was recalled in March of the last-named year and appointed minister of finances. Austria's finances received a serious blow by the war of 1859, and the state credit sank to a level which gave reason for concern. Bruck, who in vain demanded thorough economic reforms, sought by the way of political reforms a way out of the financial malaise. He handed a memorandum over to the Emperor, under the title "Dia Aufgaben Österreichs", published in 1860, in which he among others supported a representative constitution for the various crown lands, equal treatment for all confessions, closer attachment to Germany. But as he, at the same time, was accused by some high-ranking persons of being involved in the embezzlement committed by General von Eynatten during the war of 1859, Bruck was dismissed in disfavour on April 22nd 1860. In the following night he committed suicide. A year after his death the government declared at the request of his friend, the later minister von Plener, that the investigation had been completed and that the accusations directed against him had been found unsubstantiated.
In 1877 J. Heller published his "Memoiren aus der Zeit des Krimkriegs".

source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Bruck
Bruck, Karl Ludwig Freiherr von, Austrian minister of finances, born on October 8th 1798 in Elberfeld, died on April 23rd 1860 in Vienna, participated in the war of 1815, traveled in England and France, and in 1821 he went to Trieste from where he had intended to move on to participate in Greece's War of Independence. He stayed in Trieste, where he established the Austrian Lloyd and lead it to its reputation. In 1848 Bruck was elected into the German National Assembly. The Austrian government appointed him plenipotentiary with the administrator of the German Empire. In November 1848 Bruck, in the cabinet Schwarzenberg-Stadion he took the portfolio of trade and public works, contributed to bring about the constitution of March 4th 1849, negotiated peace with Piemonte, and began to reorganize his ministry after a grand plan. He established the Chambers of Trade and Industry, improved the consular, postal and telegraph service, engaged in important road and railroad construction projects as well as river regulation projects, ordered the edition of Austrian sea and trade law, created the Vienna Bourse, the Trieste Sea Authority, tried by the abolition of customs barriers to open up new trade routes for Austria's industry. He also pushed for a trade union of Austria with Germany. Elevated to a Freiherr [Baron] in December 1849, he resigned on May 23rd 1851, but in 1853 he was charged with negotiations in Berlin, which resulted in the conclusion of customs treaties of Austria with the Zollverein. In June that year, as Austrian envoy he went to Constantinople and concluded a convention with the Porte concerning the occupation of the Danubian principalities by Austrian troops. In March 1855 he again became minister of finances. But as the thorough reforms he demanded, were not implemented, and as the Italian War 1859 severely hurt Austria's finances, Bruck sought to heal Austria by financial reforms. He handed a memorandum over to the A HREF = "franzjosenc19.html">Emperor (published after his death : "Die Aufgaben Österreichs", Leipzig 1880, in which he demanded a representative constitution for the respective crown lands, expansion of the Reichsrat, equality of all confessions, freedom of science, of the press, of education, protection for the individual nationalities, and close cooperation with Germany. In the meantime he was invilved in the Eynatten embezzlement trial by influential opponents; on April 22nd 1860 he was dismissed in dishonor by the Emperor, and on the morning of the 23rd he was found with a cut throat in his bed, almost exsanguinated; by the afternoon he was dead. The suspicion of him sharing responsibility was not proven; a few months later in a public declaration his honour was restored.
In 1877 the "Memoiren des Barons Bruck aus der Zeit des Krimkriegs" were published (Wien).

source in German, posted by Zeno


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First posted on August 3rd 2009

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