Giskra - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,


Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Giskra (1908)
Giskra, Karl, Austrian statesman, born on January 29th 1820 in Mährisch-Trübau, died on June 1st 1879 in Baden near Vienna, became professor of state science in Vienna in 1846, was elected into the Frankfurt National Assembly in 1848. He was elected into the Moravian diet in 1861, shortly after into the Austrian Chamber of Deputees. Giskra soon became one of the leaders of the German-Moravian Liberal Party and worked for the centralization of the Austrian state. In 1866 elected mayor of Brünn, and as such he developed great activity, especially during the Prussian occupation. In 1867 he became president of the Austrian Chamber of Deputees, in December that year minister of the interior. He held on to his portfolio until 1870, and in that time worked for the acceptance of anti-clerical confessional laws and for the reorganization of jurisdiction. Giskra remained member of the Chamber of Deputees until 1879, but his political influence declined, because he spent most of his time with financial speculations, and he used his political position for personal gain.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Giskra
Giskra, Karl, Austrian minister, born on January 29th 1820 in Mährisch-Trübau, died on June 1st 1879 in Baden near Vienna, in Vienmna in 1840 was promoted dr. phil., in 1843 dr. jur., in 1846 became supplent of state sciences and political law at the University of Vienna, laid down his office as docent when his hometown elected him into the Frankfurt National Assembly, where he participated in the negotiations until the parliament moved to Stuttgart, and where he vividly presented the Great German position. In 1850 he returned to Vienna, entered the advocature of von Mühlfeld, and settled in Brünn in 1860, after the Emperor permitted him to serve as advocate outside of Vienna. In 1861 elected into the Moravian diet, he became the leader of the German Moravian Party and a convinced Liberal, for the maintenance of the state of Austria. He developed firy eloquence, especially when it came to criticizing the military budget. Elected mayor of Brünn, he unfolded an important organizatoric and administrative activity. This namely showed in 1866 during the Prussian occupation, when Giskra undertook a mission to Vienna. In 1867 Giskra became president of the Chamber of Deputees, on December 30th 1867 minister of the interior in the cabinet Carlos Auersperg, to which he continued to belong after the resignation of Auersperg, under the leadership of Count Taaffe, later of Hasner. On March 20th 1870 he resigned as minister, because the council of ministers wanted to postpone the electoral reform which Giskra wanted to take on immediately. He participated in the Reichsrat deliberations and in those of the delegations as leader of the Constitutional Party, especially when it came to opposing the cabinet Hohenwart. Profitable involvement in a number of financial enterprises, especially his position in the board of the Lemberg-Czernowitz Railroad, harmed his political position, and his "Tipping theory" developed in the Ofenheim Trial 1875 made the worst of impressions. At times he was denied access to the Imperial court, where he had lost sympathies especially because of his attacks on the military administration in the delegations. In 1873 his old electoral district Brünn again had elected him into the Chamber of Deputees, where once again he entered the political stage when he fought Andrassy's Orient policy in 1877-1878.
source in German, posted by Zeno





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First posted on August 3rd 2009

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