Hasner - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,


Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Hasner (1909)
Hasner, Leopold, Ritter von Artha, Austrian statesman and writer, born in 1818 in Prague, died in 1891 in Ischl, in 1848 became editor of the official "Prager Zeitung", and in 1849 extraordinary professor of philosophy of law, in 1851 professor of national economy at the University of Prague. In 1861 he was elected member of the Bohemian diet and of the Second Chamber of the Austrian Reichsrat, whose president he became in 1863. In 1865 he was appointed professor of national economy at the University of Vienna, became lifelong member of the House of Lords in 1867, was minister of education 1868-1870 (as which he pushed through the Volksschule law despite of the opposition of the bishops), and from February 1st to April 5th 1870 he was prime minister. In the Bohemian diet and in the Austrian House of Lords he worked as leader of the Constitutionalist Party.
He wrote among others : Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts und seiner Geschichte (1851). After his death were published Denkwürdigkeiten. Autobiographisches und Aphorismen (1892).

source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Hasner
Hasner, Leopold, Ritter von Artha, Austrian statesman, born on March 15th 1818 in Prague, died on June 5th 1891 in Ischl, studied law in his hometown, until 1848 together with Lasser and Herbst was employed at the Hofkammerprokuratur, in 1848 he became editor of the official "Prager Zeitung", in 1849 extraordinary professor for philosophy of law, in 1851 ordinary professor of political economy at the University of Prague. Already at that time he wrote "Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts und seiner Geschichte" (Prague 1851), and in addition to numerous juridical and art critical essays in journals, a "System der politischen Ökonomie" (vol. 1, Prague 1860). In 1861 he was elected by the Prague Old Town into the Bohemian diet, and by the latter into the Vienna Reichsrat, immediately became vice president, in 1863 president of the Chamber of Deputees, and simultaneously took the helm of the Council on Education, a creation of short duration. After having rejected a position as section chief under Belcredi, in 1865 he resumed his activity as a lecturer, as professor of political sciences at the University of Vienna. In 1867 he became lifelong member of the House of Lords. Especially acquainted with the conditions of public education, in the cabinet of Prince Auersperg in December 1867 he took the portfolio of education, and created the Volksschule law based on 8 years of mandatory education and state supervision of the schools; despite the opposition of the Austrian episcopate, the law was passed in May 1869. In the conflict which broke out at the end of the year among the members of the cabinet Taaffe, Hasner belonged to the Constitutionalist majority and, after the resignation of the minority, from February 1st 1870, he served as prime minister, but he resigned after the exodus of the Federalists from Reichstag (March 31st), upon which Count Potocki on April 4th was charged with the formation of a new cabinet, which was willing to make concessions to the Federalists. Since, Hasner in the House of Lords was mostly active as referer in matters of ecclesiastic policy.
He wrote : Denkwürdigkeiten. Autobiographisches und Aphorismen (Stuttgart 1892). In Ischl in 1893 a monument dedicated to him was established.

source in German, posted by Zeno





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First posted on August 3rd 2009

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