Hohenwart - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,


Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Hohenwart(1909)
Hohenwart, Karl Siegmund von, Count, Austrian politician, born on February 2nd 1824, dies on April 26th 1899, was stadholder of Upper Austria when, as leader of the Federalist Party, he was appointed prime minister in February 1871. Already in October that year he was forced to resign (see Austro-Hungarian monarchy, history of). Later he played a role in the Chamber of Deputees as leader of the right center (1873-1891) and under his leadership in 1891 the strictly conservative Hohenwart Club was formed (Bohemian estate owners, German conservatives, Slovenians, Croats and Romanians). Its German members left in November 1895 and formed a separate group, the Catholic People's Party, and after Hohenwart left the Chamber of Deputees in 1897, when he became member of the House of Lords, the Hohenwart Club was dissolved. From 1885 until his death Hohenwart was president of the Austrian supreme auditing authority.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Hohenwart
Hohenwart, Karl Siegmund, Count von, Austrian statesman, born on February 12th 1824, died on April 26th 1899 in Vienna. Son of Count Andreas von Hohenwart, heir of Count Franz Joseph Hannibal von Hohenwart (1771-1844) who had achieved much for Carniola. As leader of Austria's Federalist Party he gained importance. On the career ladder in public service he became county chief in Carinthia, then stadholder in Upper Austria. From February 4th to October 1871 he served as prime minister, attempted to bring about an Ausgleich with the Slavs on federalist basis, which were expressed in the Fundamental Articles, already agreed upon between him and the Czech leaders, but against which, in addition to Beust, especially the Hungarian prime minister Count Andrassy protested. After his fall Hohenwart was leader of the so-called Party of the Right in the Austrian Reichsrat, which under the cabinet Taaffe 1879-1891 by entering into a coalition with the Czechs and Poles held the majority in the Reichsrat. After this majority had been undermined by the appearance of the radical Young Czechs, Hohenwart formed the so-called Hohenwart Club in the Reichsrat, a strictly conservative faction, consisting of the Bohemian feudal nobility, the Slovenians, Romanians, German-Clericals and the Croats. In the crisis which in 1893 brought about the fall of Count Taaffe and the formation of a coalition majority consisting of the Poles, conservatives and the united left, Hohenwart had played a decisive role, but because of the defection of the Strict Clericals from his club on the occasion of the elections of 1897 no longer accepted a mandate, and in March that year was appointed member of the House of Lords. Since 1885 Hohenwart was president of the Austrian supreme auditing authority.
source in German, posted by Zeno





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First posted on August 2nd 2009

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