Körber - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries

Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,

Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Körber (1911)
Körber, Ernst von, Austrian bureaucrat, politician, born on November 6th 1850 in Trento, in 1874 employed in the ministry of trade, where he gradually rose to department chief (1893). Körber, who already earlier had earned great achievements in the organization of the nationalization of the Austrian railroads, in 1895 became director general of the Austrian railroads and in 1896 organized their administration by a newly established railroad ministry. From November 1897 to March 1898 he served as minister of trade in cabinet Gautsch, and from October to December 1899 as minister of the interior in cabinet Clary. On January 18th 1900 he became prime minister and remained minister of the interior. Körber described as the goal of his cabinet to overcome the obstruction which paralyzed the Chamber of Deputees, and to dedicate itself to positive work for the economic development of the Empire. In the beginning he achieved something; a proposal for the construction of railroads and canals was approved in 1901, in 1902 Körber succeeded to push through a properly approved budget, the first in four years, and (on December 31st) an economic agreement (Ausgleich) with Hungary. But already in the following year Körber had to use the Emperor's power to legislate provisionally, in order to get his budget, and his attempt to reconcile the Germans and Czechs in Bohemia utterly failed, in consequence of the latter's extreme demands, and the concessions Körber made to Czech and Italian national demands brought him the discontent even of the German element. On December 31st 1904 he was succeeded as prime minister by Gautsch. Since 1899 is Körber lifetime member of the House of Lords.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Körber
Körber, Ernst von, Austrian minister, born on November 6th 1850 in Trento as the son of a major, studied law, entered the service of the Vienna county court in 1872, was called into the ministry of trade in 1874, became chief of the presidial department in 1887. He proved himself during the organization of state railroads and in 1896 was called by Badeni into the ministry of the interior as section chief. In November 1897 he took over the ministry of trade in the cabinet Gautsch; after the resignation of the latter in March 1898, he remained at disposal, and, after in September he was made member of the House of Lords, on October 1st 1899 in cabinet Clary he became minister of the interior. With the entire cabinet he resigned at the end of December, but on January 19th 1900 he was appointed prime minister and minister of the interior. He was given the task to make the Chamber of Deputees functionable, which had been paralyzed by the obstruction of the Czechs. But as the obstruction already resumed in May, Körber had to postpose sessions of the house; he decided to give it another try in September, to get the approval of the Reichsrat for the so-called necessities of state. When this failed, he dissolved the Chamber of Deputees on September 7th. Körber made minimal use of the stipulation of paragraph 14, which provides the cabinet in urgent matters with the right to issue decrees, if the Reichsrat is not in session. He immediately ordered new elections, which were held in January 1901. But already the first session of Reichsrat (January 30th) was characterized by obstruction, which only was mildened in March by presenting the investment proposal (483 million Kronen for railroad construction) and by a law on waterways. In the fall session the Reichsrat again proved not functionable, so that Körber in one session threatened with a "radical cure" (December 9th), a threat he watered down in a second speech (February 24th 1902). In October Körber tried again, in a conference of Germans and Czechs to bring about a solution in the language question in Bohemia and Moravia, but without success. In April 1903 Körber was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Stephen for his efforts to bring about the Ausgleich with Hungary, which had been signed by von Szell and Körber on December 31st 1902. The Hungarian confusion, which had emerged in June 1903, in connection with a common army, caused Körber to request his demission, which was rejected by the Emperor on July 7th in a rather flattering letter. When in the further course of the Hungarian crisis the Emperor, in the order of Chlopy on September 17th decidedly rejected the Hungarian demand in regard to the language of the army, the Hungarians ascribed the initiative to this order to Körber, and he was severely attacked from the Hungarian side. During spring and summer 1904 the cabinet Körber issued decrees, which altered the hitherto stagnant domestic conditions. The addition of an Italian faculty to the university of Innsbruck caused street riots there; a peculiar privilege for the University of Agram [Zagreb] and the plan of Czech and Polish parallel classes at the teacher seminaries in Troppau and Teschen caused great excitement among the German parties. Further attention caused the tour of the prime minister of Galicia in August and September, and finally the reconstruction of the cabinet in October, in which Randa became minister of Czech affairs. Under these circumstances the Reichstag session, opened on November 17th, began very stormy; it turned out, that Körber had alienated the German parties, while the Czechs continued with their policy of obstruction. Early in December the cabinet suffered a defeat in the budget committee, and the Emperor on December 31st 1904 accepted Körber's resignation.
source in German, posted by Zeno


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First posted on August 3rd 2009

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