Messenhauser - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Meyer 1902-1909, Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926,


Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article Messenhauser (1913)
Messenhauser, Wenzel, Austrian revolutionary, born in 1813 in Moravia, a multitalented autodidact, in Vienna, besides his service as a lieutenant, became a novelist. In 1848 he retired from military service and set up a newspaper of liberal direction, and a few days after the outbreak of the revolution in Vienna took command of the Nationl Guard. In haste he organized a mobile guard and took energetic measures to defend the city against government troops. When Windisch-Grätz took the suburbs, Messenhauser surrendered on October 30th, and laid down his command, when the fight was resumed, but permitted himself to be persuaded to resume command. After Windisch-Grätz entered Vienna, he gave himself up voluntarily and was executed (November 16th), because he had violated the surrender. See Nitschner, Wensel Messenhauser (1849).
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Messenhauser
Messenhauser, Cäsar Wenzel, commander of the Viennese National Guard 1848, born on January 4th 1813 in Prossnitz in Moravia, of a lower class, joined the army in 1829, because of his paper "Über die schiefe Schlachtordnung" was promoted cadet in 1833, in 1840 came to Vienna as lieutenant, where, except for contributions to Saphir's "Humorist" he wrote the history of the regiment of the Hoch- und Deutschmeister. When the Polish Rebellion broke out in 1846, Messenhauser and his regiment were dispatched to Cracow, where he published a selection of his novels under the title "Wildnis und Parkett" (Vienna 1847), and under the pseudonym Wenzel March, "Die Polengräber". In March 1848 he retired and went to Vienna. On October 12th he was appointed commander of the Viennese National Guard by the ministry of the interior. He defeloped restless activity for the defense of the city. After the suburbs had been taken by Windisch-Grätz, he surrendered on October 30th. When, at the news of the arrival of the Hungarians, the insurgents resumed the fight, he laid down his command, but at the urgent request of all officers of the National Guard, he resumed it. After the entry of the Imperial troops into Vienna he stayed on, surrendered to the commander of the city on November 6th and was executed on November 16th because of violation of the surrender.
Posthumously several collections of novels were published. See : Nitschner, Wenzel Messenhauser, (Wien 1849); Friedemann, Messenhauser. Biographisches Denkmal (Leipzig 1849).

source in German, posted by Zeno





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First posted on August 9th 2009

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