Crown Prince Rudolf von Habsburg - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Nordisk Familjebok 1876-1899, Meyer 1885-1892,


Nordisk Familjebok 1876-1899, Article : Rudolf, Crown Prince (1889)
Rudolf, Franz Karl Joseph, Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary, son to Emperor Franz Joseph and his wife, Elizabeth of Bavaria, born on August 21st 1858, was raised in a serious, careful manner, which quickly developed his rich talents. He developed an unusual likeness for his studies, and was especially attracted by natural sciences. Under the guidance of the famous zoologist Brehm and by going out into forest and field, he became a skilled ornithologist, whose observations and discoveries did not remain unnoted by science (he was given an honorary doctorate in philosophy in 1887). He described his hunting and study trips in several publications : Fünfzehn Tage auf der Donau (1881), Eine Orientreise (1884) and others, summarily edited in Swedish under the title "Kronprins Rudolfs jagtminnen" (1889). Further he took the initiative to the large magnificent publication "Die Österreichisch-Ungarische Monarchie in Wort und Bild" (since 1886) and managed a good part of the edition; several chapters were written by himself. Further he had a talent for learning languages, he was fully fluent in German, Hungarian, Czech, Italian and French. An indomitable passion for the young baroness Maria Vetsera in a case of overstimulation on January 30th 1889 at the hunting lodge of Mayerling by suicide he terminated the marriage which he, while alive, was incapable of getting dissolved. Even Vetsera was found dead at his side. Rudolf, since May 10th 1881, was married to prinsess Stephanie of Belgium (born on May 21st 1864), with whom he had one daughter, born in 1883.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, Article : Rudolf (5)
Rudolf Franz Karl Joseph, Archduke and Crown Prince of Austria, the only son of Emperor Franz Joseph I. and of Empress Elisabeth, born on August 21st 1858, was given a strict but excellent education, was taught almost all languages of his future empire, and showed a vivid interest namely in the military and natural sciences. A passionate hunter, with deep understanding he observed nature, the characteristics of animals, and knew how to skillfully describe them. On questions in military science he gave excellent presentations. In 1880 was appointed general major and commander of an infantry division in Prague, in 1883 in Vienna, in 1888 lieutenant field marshal, inspector general of the infantry and vice admiral. On May 10th 1881 he married Archduchess Stephania (born May 21st 1864), daughter of Leopold II., King of the Belgians. On September 2nd 1883 a daughter was born to him, Archducess Elisabeth. He published : "Fünfzen Tage auf der Donau", (2nd ed. Vienna 1885), "Eine Orientreise" (Vienna 1884, with drawings by F. von Pausinger) and participated in the edition of "Die Österreichisch-Ungarische Monarchie in Wort und Bild" (Vienna 1886ff.), for which he was granted an honorary doctorship by the University of Vienna. Rudolf shot himself on January 30th 1889 in his hunting lodge Mayerling near Baden.
source in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek





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First posted on June 3rd 2009

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