Thun und Hohenstein - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries

Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,

Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Thun und Hohenstein (1919)
Thun und Hohenstein, Franz Anton Count von, since 1911 Prince von Thun, brother of Friedrich von Thun (born in 1810, died in 1881, diplomat, among others envoy in Stockholm 1847-1849), statesman, born on September 2nd 1847 in Tetschen, died there on November 1st 1916, in 1881 became hereditary member of the Austrian House of Lords, in 1883 president of Bohemia's diet, was a strong supporter of clerical and feudal interests and of Czech political demands, in September 1889 was appointed stadholder of Bohemia, an appointment which was regarded a great concession to the Czechs. In the meantime he did not fulfill their hopes, but instead worked for a reconciliation between Czechs and Germans with the goal of equal rights for both, which brought him the disproval of the Young Czechs. As the latter won in the elections to the Bohemian diet in 1895, Thun und Hohenstein left his office (February 1896). After von Gautsch Thun from March 5th 1898 to October 2nd 1899 served as prime minister and minister of the interior. He did bring about a new Ausgleich with Hungary, but was unable to overcome the obstruction of the Germans in the Reichsrat, and to fulfill his promises to the Czechs.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Thun und Hohenstein
Thun und Hohenstein, Franz Anton, Count von, Austrian statesman, son of Friedrich Graf von Thun und Hohenstein, of whom he inherited the Majorat Teschen, was member of the Czech Club from 1879-1881 in the Chamber of Deputees, after the death of his father inherited his seat in the House of Lords, and here as well as in the Bohemian diet he belonged to one of the most determined defenders of feudal and clerical interests, was a supporter of Czech political claims. Appointede stadholder of Bohemia in September 1889. Namely after the growth of the Young Czech movement he was more moderate and objective, and not opposed to the German-Czech Ausgleich of 1890. When the Young Czech agitation created fermentation in the country, which in 1893 lead to all kinds of anti-dynastic events in Prague (see Omladina), Thun und Hohenstein approved the declaration of emergency over the capital and its environs. But when the Young Czechs were victorious in the elections to the Bohemian diet in 1895, Thun's position in the country had become intenable. When the diet closed its session in February 1896, he resigned. Appointed prime minister on March 5th 1898, he succeeded in passing a new Ausgleich with Hungary, but, because he did not abolish Badeni's language decrees, and instead favored the national goals of the Czechs and Slovenians, was unable to overcome the obstruction of the Germans in the Reichsrat, and proclaimed various laws, such on the Ausgleich, on financial matters, in 1899 based on emergency legislation (paragraph 14 of the constitution). As he was unable to fulfill the promises he made to the Czechs against the opposition of the Germans, on October 2nd he was granted his demission.
source in German, posted by Zeno


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First posted on August 3rd 2009

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