Farini - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries

Meyer 1902-1909, Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Farini (1906)
Farini, Luigi Carlo, Italian statesman, born on October 22nd 1812 at Russi in the Romagna, died on August 1st 1866, studied medicine in Bologna, was physician in several places in the Romagna, but because of his participation in the political movement had to leave his fatherland in 1841. After the amnesty proclaimed by Pius IX. he returned in 1846 and took over the administration of the hospital in Osimo. When the pope began with the liberal reforms, in 1847 Farini became undersecretary of state in the ministry of the interior, then representative of the city of Faenza, and under the ministry de Rossi inspector of sanitation. After the assassination of de Rossi, Farini resigned his office and went to Tuscany. After the French took Rome he returned, but because of the actions of the reactionary party now in control, again had to leave his fatherland. He went to Turin, where he edited the satirical magazine "La Frusta" and the work "Storia dello stato romano dall' anno 1814 al 1850" (2nd edition, Florence 1850, 4 vols.). He followed on on this publication with the continuation of Botta's work, "Storia d'Italia dall' anno 1814 al 1850" (Milan, 2 vols.). Because of his activity as a publisher, Farini in 1850 was appointed Sardinian minister of education and, after having resigned his portfolio after 9 months, member of the supreme sanitation authority. As representative in the chamber he supported the policy of Count Cavour, and in this sense founded the political journal "Il Piemonte". At the beginning of the war of 1859 sent as Sardinian plenipotentiary into the Emilia, he was proclaimed dictator, with the aid of moderate elements in March 1860 he achieved trhe annexation of these regions and of the Romagna into the Kingdom of Italy, then in the cabinet Cavour (March 21st 1860) was appointed minister of the interior, and from October 1860 to January 1861 functioned as stadholder of Naples. After the resignation of Rattazzi in December 1862 Farini took charge of the formation of a new cabinet, which continued Cavour's policy. But already in March 1863 he entered a concerning state of nervous excitement which soon turned into incurable insanity. On the occasion of his departure, parlament voted a national dotation of 200,000 Lire and an annual pension of 25,000 Lire. In 1878 a monument to him was put up in Ravenna. See the essays by Finali and Rava in "Nuova Antologia", 1st of June and 1st of September 1903.
source in German, posted by Zeno

Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Farini (1907)
Farini, Carlo Luigi, Italian statesman and historian, born in 1812 in Russi in Romagna, died in 1866, at the beginning was practicing physician in Ravenna, in 1843 was banished for participating in political unrest in the Papal State in 1841, in 1846 was given permission to return, in 1847 became undersecretary of state in the Roman ministry of the interior. After the republican party came to power in Rome in 1848, Farini withdrew to Florence. After the French took Rome, the fanatic priesthood prevented him from resuming his function. At this moment he went to Turin. Here he edited the satirical magazine "La Frusta" and edited "Storia dello stato romano dal anno 1814 al 1850" (1850), in which he severely attacked both the clerical reaction as well as the radical revolutionary party. He showed a more calm interpretation in his continuation of Botta's history, editing "Storia d'Italia dall anno 1812 to 1850 (2 vols. 1854-1859). In 1850 he served as Sardinian minister of education for 9 months, and after that as deputee and member of the supreme sanitation authority. On the occasion of the outbreak of war in 1859 Cavour, whose policy he understood, on a confidential mission into central Italy, where he was elected dictator of Modena, Parma and the Romagna, the countries of which he merged into the Emilia. After the annexation of the latter by Sardinia, in July 1860 he became minister of the interior. Farini resigned his office in October that year, after Rattazzi's resignation in December 1862 he became prime minister and sought to rule according to Cavour's policy, but, deprived of his senses because of excessive work, in 1863 had to go, on the occasion of which the chambers voted a national dotation of 200,000 Lire and an annual pension for lifetime of 25,000 Lire, for his services in the creation of Italian unity and his honesty in the administration of the Emilia. In 1878 a monument to Farini was raised in Ravenna.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

DOCUMENTS Article Luigi Carlo Farini, from EB 1911

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First posted on June 26th 2009

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