Minghetti - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Meyer 1902-1909, Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926


Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Minghetti (1908)
Minghetti, Marco, Italian statesman, born on November 8th 1818 in Bologna, died on December 10th 1886, studied in his hometown, in 1846, after the ascendancy of Pius IX. to the throne, he founded the liberal magazine "Il Felsineo", in 1847 became member of the Consulta convoked by Pius IX., and became minister of public works in the cabinet formed on March 10th 1848. But by the allocution of April 29th that year informed about the true views of the pope, he resigned, went to Carlo Alberto of Sardinia, joined the Lombardy Campaign of 1848 in his general staff, and after the skirmish of Goito was given the rank of major. After the unfortunate outcome of the war he returned into his native city, where he published "Della economica pubblica e delle sue attinenze colla morale e col diritto" (Bologna 1859, 2nd ed. 1868). Simultaneously he established friendship with Cavour, who in 1856 called him to attend the Paris Peace Congress, and in 1859 made him secretary general in the ministry of foreign affairs. As president of the National Assembly of the Romagna he worked for the unification of the latter with Sardinia, and he represented his native city in the Italian parlament. In October 1860 under Cavour he took the portfolio of the interior, and held on to it under Ricasoli, but, when his attempt to decentralize the' administration was given an unfavorable reception by parlament, resigned on September 1st 1861. In the cabinet Farini in December 1862 he took the portfolio of finances, and after Farini's resignation in 1863, the presidency of the cabinet. The convention of 1864 was his work; the indignation over the latter in Turin, where unrest appeared, caused him to resign on September 20th 1864. In July 1868 he went to London as ambassador. From May to November 1869 he was minister of agriculture in the cabinet Menabra. In August 1870 he went to Vienna as ambassador, then he was leader of the opposition against the cabinet Lanza-Sella, and after the fall of the latter in July 1873 he took the presidency of a coalition cabinet, in which he held the portfolio of finances. Immediately at the beginning of his administration he gained great success by establishing an alliance with Germany and reconciation with Austria. The abolition of the deficit and the bank law were his accomplishments. But the lack of a stable majority caused him to resign in March 1876.
In 1895 a statue of him was erected on the Corso Vittorio Emmanuele in Rome, another one in 1896 in Bologna. Among his publications have to be mentioned : "Opuscoli letterari ed economici" (Florence 1872); "Le donne italiane nelle belle arti" (in "Nuova Antologia", 1877), "Stato e Chiesa" (2nd ed., Milan 1878; in German, Gotha 1881), "Il cittadino e lo Stato" (1886) and a valuable biography, "Raffaello", Bologna 1885; in German by Münz, Breslau 1887). Posthumously published were "I miei ricordi" (Turin 1888?1890, 3 vols.) and "Scritti vari" (ed. by Zanichelli, Bologna 1896). See : Magni, Marco Minghetti, uomo di stato (Turin 1894). His "Discorsi parlamentari" were edited by Pulle (Rome 1888?1890, 8 vols.).

source in German, posted by Zeno

Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Minghetti (1916)
Minghetti, Marco, Italian statesman, born in 1818 in Bologna, died on December 10th in Rome, participated in the establishment of the moderate-liberal magazine "Il Felsineo" in Bologna, at the end of 1847 member of the Consulta of the Papal State convoked at that time, in March 1848 named by Pius IX. minister of public works in Antonelli's short-lived cabinet, but soon sought Italy's future with the King of Sardinia, in the latter's Lombardy Campaign in the summer that year he found a place in the latter's general staff. In the following years Minghetti in Bologna occupied himself with macroeconomic publications, favoring free trade, and in 1859 at the suggestion of his personal friend Cavour he became cabinet secretary in the Sardinian ministry of foreign affairs, and afterward, in the beginning as president of the National Assembly of Romagna, he brought about the establishment of the provisional state of Emilia and the latter's annexion into the Kingdom of Sardinia. From November 1860 to August 1861 Minghetti was Italy's minister of the interior. In December 1862 he took over the portfolio of finances, and after Farini's departure in March 1863 he became prime minister. By the convention with Napoleon III. in the Roman Question (September 15th 1864) and the agreement of the definitive move of the capital to Florence caused such indignation, especially among the population of Turin, that he and his entire cabinet had to resign on September 23rd 1864. From July 1868 to May 1869 Minghetti was ambassador in London, from May to November 1869 minister of agriculture in the cabinet Menabrea, for a short time ambasador in Vienna. In the summer of 1873, on the occasion of the fall of cabinet Lanza-Sella, he formed a right-colored cabinet, which had Italy enter into an alliance with Germany and bring about reconciliation with Austria. Minghetti himself was a capable minister of finances, but the cabinet's interior policy was much shifting, and accused of showing to much consideration to the Vatican. In March 1876 Minghetti was forced to give way to the leader of the Left, Depretis. In Italy's palament Minghetti continually represented Bologna. Since 1875 Minghetti was member of the Swedish Academy of Literature. Statues of Minghetti have been raised in Rome (1895) and Bologna (1896). Among his publications stand out "Della economia pubblica e delle sue attenenze colla morale e col diritto" (1859), "La chiesa e lo stato" (1878), in which he defends Cavour's church policy program (see "Free Church in a Free State"), a biography of Raffaello (1885; German trsl. 1887), the posthumously published memoires "miei ricordi" (3 vols., 1888-90) and his "Discorsi parlamentari" (8 vols., 1888-1890) and Scritti vari (1896). See " Magni, "Marco Minghetti" (1894).
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg





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First posted on June 22nd 2009

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