Syria
First posted on January 9th 2004, last revised on October 14th 2005






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"Textfiles" leads to files from WHKMLA
"Topical Maps" lead to further maps posted at WHKMLA
"External Maps" lead to maps posted elsewhere on the web

OTTOMAN IRAQ, 1517-1918

External Online Maps : Ottoman Empire 1481-1623, Ottoman Empire 1683-1923, (Shepherd 1923), posted by PCL, UTexas
External Online Map : Palestine under Turkish Rule, 1517-1917, from Jewish Virtual Library
External Online Maps : Europe in 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, from euratlas
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire under Mustafa II., 1695-1703, Ottoman Empire under Ahmed III., 1703-1730, from Ottoman Website; Ottoman Empire under Mustafa III., 1757-1774, from Ottoman Website; Ottoman Empire under Selim III., 1789-1807, from Ottoman Website (a Turkish site, dubious borders)
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire under Mahmud II., 1808-1839, from Ottoman Website; (a Turkish site, dubious borders)
External Online Map : The Ottoman Empire under Abdulaziz , 1861-1876, from Ottoman Website (a Turkish site, dubious borders)
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire, 16th, 17th century (Roolvink), posted by UPenn
External Online Map : The Middle East in the 19th Century (scan : Roolvink), posted by UPenn, Islamic Studies
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire, 1878, from Atlas Historique, comment in French
External Online Map : Turkey in Asia (Milner 1850), posted by maproom.org
External Online Map : Asia Mnor, Iraq (Stieler 1891), posted by maproom.org
OTTOMAN IRAQ, 1885-1899

External Online Map : Persia, Ottoman Empire (= Iraq) 1831, by George Long, from David Rumsey Map Collection
OTTOMAN IRAQ, 1899-1918

External Online Map : Iraq in 1914, from Unimaps
IRAQ 1917-1924

External Online Map : Mandates in Arabia in 1920, from World War I Document Archive
External Online Map : Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916, from Jewish Virtual Library
External Online Map : Near Eastern Front, 1914-1916, from Atlas Historique, comment in French
External Online Map : Near Eastern Front, 1917-1918, from Atlas Historique, comment in French
External Online Map : Dismemberment of Ottoman Empire 1920, from Atlas Historique, comment in French
External Online Maps : The Middle East 1906-1920, from Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age, by Joaquin de Saras Vara de Rey
External Online Maps : Middle East after 1916, from Sandafayre Stamp Atlas
External Online Map : Sykes-Picot Agreement 1916, posted by Government 46, Dartmouth
External Online Map : Asia Minor, Syria & Mesopotamia, by J.G. Bartholomew 1922, from David Rumsey Map Collection
External Online Map : Arabia 1905-1923, from Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age, by Joaquin de Salas Vara de Rey
External Online Map : Iraq 1921, from RA Stockholm, Krigsarkivet, comment in Swedish; Kurdish area indicated
External Online Map : Iraq in 1918, in 1923, from Unimaps
IRAQ 1924-1932

External Online Map : La Turquie et le Moyen Orient en 1925, from Atlas Historique, in French
IRAQ 1932-1980

External Online Maps : Baghdad 1944, Erbil 1944, Mosul 1944, Karbala (1918) 1944, from PCL UTexas (GB Naval Intelligence Division)
External Online Map : Basra Area 1942, from PCL, UTexas
External Online Maps : Baghdad 1961, from PCL, UTexas
External Online Map : Northern Iraq 1970, from PCL, UTexas (Iraq Tourism Administration)
IRAQ ADMINISTRATIVE, 1935-1976

IRAQ 1980-1991

External Online Maps : First Gulf War, Iran vs Iraq 1980-1988, from Historical Atlas of the 20th Century, posted by Matthew White
External Online Maps : Iraq-Iran War 1980-1988, from US Military Academy
External Online Map : Gulf War, Iraqi Invasion 1990, from US Military Academy
External Online Map : Gulf War, Kuwaiti Liberation 1991, from US Military Academy
IRAQ 1991-2003

External Online Maps : No Fly Zones, from AlertNet
External Online Map : Northern Iraq, Kurdish controlled area 2001, from Relief Web
External Online Maps : Iraq : Dissident Areas, from BBC
External Online Maps : Iraq Key Maps, from BBC
External Online Maps : Persian Gulf War 1991, from maps.com reference
External Online Map : Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait 1990, animated, from The Gulf war, by W.J. Rayment
External Online Map : Allied Liberation of Kuwait, 1991, animated, from The Gulf War, by W.J. Rayment
External Online Map : Kurdish Areas of Northern Iraq, from PCL, UTexas
MODERN IRAQ

External Online Map : Administrative Divisions, from World Gazetteer
External Online Map : Iraq, Physical, from Mideast Web (Atlas of the Orient)
External Online Map : Iraq, Ethnographic, from Mideast Web
External Online Web : Baghdad and Vicinity, from Mideast Web
OCCUPATION AND INSURGENCY, 2003-

External Onliner Map : Sunni Triangle, from Wikipedia



DOCUMENTS CIA World Factbook, Iraq
Iraq Maps, from PCL, UTexas
Maps of Iraq, links from Embassy World
Map : Languages of Iraq, from Ethnologue
Maps of Iraq, from Relief Web
Maps of the Arab World, from arabji.com, scroll down for Iraq
Iraq Maps, from Arab Gateway
Historical Maps of the Levant, from Arab Gateway, links
Maps, from Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG)
Library of Congress, Iraq Maps, Middle East Maps, Kurds - Iraq Maps
Provinces of Iraq, from statoids.com
International Boundary Studies, posted at Florida State Univ.; scroll down to No.27 (Iraq-Turkey), study, 1 map; scroll down to No.98 (Iraq-Jordan), study, no map; scroll down to No.100 (Iraq-Syria), study, no map; scroll down No.111 (Iraq-Saudi Arabia), study, no map; scroll dow to No.164 (Iran-Iraq), study, no map
Oddens Bookmarks : Iraq, posted by Univ. Utrecht
REFERENCE VEB Hermann Haack, Atlas zur Geschichte (Historical Atlas), Vol.1, Gotha/Leipzig 1973
Meridien Haritacilik, Tarih Atlasi, no date; 32-page Turkish language historical atlas (donated by Meltem Deniz)
F.W. Putzger, Historischer Atlas zur Welt- und Schweizer Geschichte, Aarau : Sauerländer (1954) 9th edition 1975







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