Cameroon Sudan
First posted on February 26th 2003, last revised on December 19th 2005






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"Textfiles" leads to files from WHKMLA
"Topical Maps" lead to further maps posted at WHKMLA
"External Maps" lead to maps posted elsewhere on the web

CHAD IN THE 19TH CENTURY

Textfiles : Bagirmi
Textfiles : Wadai
Textfiles : Bornu

External Online Map : Africa 1890, from Encyclopaedia Britannica Amer. edition, posted by PCL, UTexas
External Online Map : Africa 1892, from Gardiner's Atlas of English History
External Online Map : Africa, Central Africa, Western Section, Central Africa, Eastern Section (Stieler 1891) posted by maproom.org
CHAD ON THE EVE OF COLONIALISM, 1893-1900

Textfiles : Wadai
Textfiles : Chad 1890-1910

External Online Map : Central Africa 1895 from Annales de Geographie IV, from Perry Castaneda Library, UTexas, has borders between Congo and Kamerun
External Online Map : Africa in 1892, from Gardiner's Atlas of English History, 1892
External Online Map : Africa 1885 (Scottish Geogr. Magazine), posted by PCL, UTexas
External Online Map : Africa, 1891 (Brockhaus/Efron, Russian edition, 1890-1904), posted by MSU
External Online Map : Africa 1886 (Berthelot 1888), posted by MSU
EARLY COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION, 1900-1906

Textfiles : French Conquest of the Chad
Textfiles : Chad 1890-1910

External Online Map : Colonial Africa, 1906-1912, from Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age
EARLY COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION, 1906-1910

Textfiles : Chad 1890-1910

External Online Map : Colonial Africa, 1906-1912, from Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age
External Online Map : Wadai-Sudan Frontier 1910, posted by Robert A. Lynn on Orbat
CHAD PRIOR TO AND DURING WORLD WAR I, 1910-1920

Textfiles : Chad 1910-1920

External Online Map : Kamerun 1912, from Deutsche Schutzgebiete, shows pre-1911 borders
External Online Map : Kamerun economically during the colonial period, posted at Jaduland
External Online Map : Colonial Africa, 1906-1912, from Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age
External Online Map : Chad, Ubangi-Shari to 1922, from Sandafayre Stamp Atlas
CHAD AS PART OF FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA, 1920-1940

Textfiles : Chad 1920-1939

External Online Map : Ethnografic Map of Africa (Encuclopedia Italiana, 1929-1939), posted by MSU
External Online Map : Africa Political (Bartholomew, 1922), posted by MSU
External Online Map : Colonial Africa 1920-1939, from Sandafayre Stamp Atlas
External Online Map : French Equatorial Africa 1922, from Sandafayre Stamp Atlas
FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA IN WORLD WAR II AND AFTER, 1940-1960

Textfiles : 1939-1960

EARLY INDEPENDENCE, 1960-1973

Textfiles : Independent Chad

External Online Maps : Modern Africa, from Sandafayre Stamp Atlas
CHAD 1973-1994

Textfiles : Independent Chad

External Online Map : Chad Civil War, from Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century by Matthew White
MODERN CHAD

Textfiles : Independent Chad

External Online Map : Administrative Divisions, from The World Gazetteer



EXTERNAL
SITES
CIA World Factbook : Chad
Chad Maps, from PCL, UTexas
Links to Chad Maps, from DMOZ, from Embassy World
Map : Languages of Chad, from Ethnologue
Map : Medieval Sudanic Kingdoms, from Geographic Overviews of Africa
Regional, Topical maps of Chad, from Relief Web
REFERENCE Colin McEvedy, The Penguin Atlas of African History, London : Penguin (1980), revised edition 1995







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