Historical Dictionary
English-English
Historical Atlas
Italy
List of Wars
Italy
First posted on February 26th 2006, last revised on March 10th 2006






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Printed Reference : Historical Dictionaries, Italy



Note : the following compilations of definitions covers the territory of the modern Republic of Italy, and, prior to 1859/1918, the Italian States.


A . B . C . D . E . F . G . I . L . M . N . O . P . R . S . T . U . V . Z

A
Abissinia . Abyssinia, Ethiopia
Africa Orientale Italiana . Italian East Africa
Alleati . Allies
Alsazia . Alsace, Elsass
Alto Adige
Ambasciator . ambassador
Amburgo . Hamburg
Ammiraglio . admiral
Anabattisti . Anabaptists
Antisemitismo . anti-Semitism
Anverso . Antwerpen (Antwerp)
Aquisgrana . Aachen, Aix-la-Chapelle
Aragona . Aragon
Arcivescovo . archbishop
Aristocrazia . aristocracy
Armistizio . armistice
Arsenale . arsenal
Asburgo . Habsburg
Assedio . siege
Assia . Hessen, Hesse
Atto . act
Autarchia . autarchy, autarky
Azzore . Açores (Azores)

B
Balcani . Balkans
Basilia . Basel, city in Switzerland
Battaglia . battle
Baviera . Bayern, Bavaria
Belgio . Belgium
Il Biennio Rosso . Red Biennium (1919-1920)
Blocco Continentale . Continental Blockade
Boemia . Bohemia
Bolzano . Bozen, capital of Südtirol
Borghesia . class of the burghers, bourgeoisie
Borsa . bourse, stock exchange
Briganti . brigands
Brigate Rosse . Red Brigades

C
Caduta di Venezia . Fall of Venice
Calvinismo . Calvinism
Candia . Crete
la Carta Atlantica . Atlantic Charter
Castello . castle
Castiglia . Castile
Cavalieri di Malta . Maltese Knights
Cecoslovacchia Czechoslovakia
la Chiesa . the church
Cile . Chile
Cina . China
Cipro . Cyprus
Citta . city
Cittadini . burghers
Classe Operaia . working class
Colonialismo . colonialism
Compromesso Storico . Historic Compromise
Concilio . (Church) Council
Concilio di Trento . Council of Trent, 1545-1563
Concordato . concordat
Congiura . conjuration
Contea . county
la Contro Riforma . counterreformation
Controrivoluzione . counterrevolution
Corporazione . corporations
Costituzione . constitution
Cristianita . christianity
la Crociata . crusade
Il Crollo di Wall Street . Wall Street Crush, 1929
Cronologia . chronology

D
Dalmazia . Dalmatia
Danimarca . Denmark
Democrazia . Democracy
Democrazia Italiana . DC, Christian Democratic Party, est. 1942
Destra . the right
Dieta . diet
Dinastia . dynasty
Diritti del'Uomo . Human Rights
Dodecanneso . the Dodecanese
Dominio . rule, domination
Duca . duke
Due Sicilie . Two Sicilies

E
Ebrei . Hebrews, Jews
Economia Pianificata . Planned Economy
Egitto . Egypt
Elezione . election
Emigrazione . emigration
Eretici . Heretics
Esercito . army
Esilio . exile
l'Esodo Albanese . Albanian Exodus
Esplorazioni . explorations
Eurocomunismo . Eurocommunism

F
Fasci di Combattimento . name of Fascist organization, est. 1919
Fascismo . Fascism
Ferrovia . Railway
Feudalesimo . feudalism
Fiandre . Vlaanderen, Flanders
Filoborbonici . Philo-Bourbons; supporters of the Bourbon Dynasty in the Kingdom of Two Sicilies
Firenze . Florence ; Fiorentini the Florentines
Fiume . Rijeka.
Flotta . fleet
Forza Lavoro . work force, labour force
Francia . France
Fuga . flight, escape

G
Genova . Genoa
Germania . Germany
Gesuiti . Jesuits
Ghetto
Giacobini . Jacobins
Giansenismo . Jansenism
Ginevra . Geneva, city in western Switzerland ; in French : Geneve
Giovine Italia . Young Italy
Grecia . Greece
Grigione . Graubünden, Grischun, Grisons; canton of Switzerland
Guerra . war
Guerra dei Poveri . War of the Poor, 1860-1865
Guerra d'Indipendenza . literally : War of Independence (wars of 1859-1861 leading to Italian unification)
la Guerra Fredda . the Cold War
Guerra Turca . Italo-Ottoman War 1911-1912
Guerriglieri . guerrilleros

I
Illuminismo . enlightenment
Imperator . emperor
Impero Ottomano . Ottoman Empire
l'Incontro di Teano . literally : the Encounter of Teano; in English, usually : the Handshake of Teano
Incoronazione . coronation
Indice dei Libri Proibiti . index of forbidden books
Industrializzazione . industrialization
Industrie Belliche . arms industry
Inghilterra . England
Inquisizione . inquisition
Insurrezione . insurrection
Irredentismo . irredentism

L
Lazio . region surrounding Rome, in Latin : Latium.
Lega Cambrai . League of Cambrai 1508-1509
Lega Nord Northern League
Lega Santa . Holy League 1511-1516
la Legge Acerbo . Acerbo Law 1923
Leggi Razziali . Race Laws
Leva di Massa . levee en masse, mandatory military service
Liberalismo . liberalism
Liberismo . free market policy
Liguria . coastal region in northwestern Italy, largely identical with the territory of the Republic of Genoa
Lituania . Lithuania
Lombardia . Lombardy
Londra . London
Lorena . Lorraine
Lubecca . Lübeck
Lubiana . Ljubljana, Laibach

M
Macchina a Vapore . steam engine
Madera . Madeira
Magistrato . city council, magistrate
Manifattura . manufacture
Mantova . Mantua
le Marche . the Marches
Marcia su Roma . March on Rome (1922)
Massoneria . masonry, freemasonry
Medioevo . Middle Ages
Messico . Mexico
Milano . Milan
i Mille di Garibaldi Garibaldi's Thousand
Mobilitazione Generale . general mobilization
Monaco . monk
Morea . the Peloponnese
Mosca . Moscow
il Movimento Femminista . Feminist Movement

N
Napoli . Naples
Nazionalismo . nationalism
Nepotismo . nepotism
Nizza . Nice
Nobilta . nobility
Novecento . 19th Century

O
Olanda . Holland
Olocausto . Holocaust
Opposizione . opposition
ortodossa . orthodox
Ottocento . 18th Century

P
Pace . peace
Padania
Paesi Basi . Low Countries
Palazzo . palace
Papa . pope
Parigi . Paris
Partigiani . partisans (resistance fighters)
Partito . party
Patrizi . patricians
PCI . Partito Comunista Italiana, Communist Party of Italy, est. 1921
'Pericolo Rosso' . red danger
il Piano Marshall . Marshall Plan (1947)
Pietroburgo . St. Petersburg
Polonia . Poland
Popolo . people
Portogallo . Portugal
Potenze Europee . European Powers
Prima Guerra Mondiale . World War I
Protezionismo . protectionism
Puglia . Apulia

R
Re . king
Regno . kingdom
Renania . the (German) Rhineland
Repubblica . republic
Repubblica Cisalpina . Cisalpine Republic
Repubblica Italiana . Italian Republic (1802-1805)
Repubblica di Salo . Republic of Salo, 1943-1945
Repubblica Partenopea . Parthenopean Republic/A> (Naples 1799)
Repubblica Romana .
Roman Republic
Repubblica Sociale Italiana . Social Republic of Italy; official name of the Republic of Salo, 1943-1945
Repubbliche Partigiane . Partisan Republics, 1943-1945
Restaurazione . restauration, restoration
Ribellione . rebellion
la Riforma Cattolica . Catholic Reformation
la Riforma Protestante . Protestant Reformation
Rinascimento . Renaissance
Rivoluzione . Revolution
Rivoluzione Industriale . Industrial Revolution
Rodi . Rhodes (Rhodos)
Roma . Rome
Russia Bianca . Belarus, Belorussia, White Russia

S
Sacco di Roma . sack of Rome, 1527
Sanfedisti . reactionary/royalist-antirevolutionary militia in Naples c. 1800
Santa Sede . Holy See
Sanzioni . sanctions
Sardegna . Sardinia
Sassonia . Saxony
Savoia . Savoy
Scisma . schism
Scozia . Scotland
Seconda Guerra Mondiale . World War II 1940-1945 (Italian participation)
Sede Vacante . the situation when the Holy See is vacant, i.e. between the death of the pope and the election of his successor.
Senato . senate
Sicilia . Sicily
Signoria . lordship, control over a barony or city. cf French : seigneurie
Sinistra . the left
Sionismo . Zionism
Slesia . Schlesien, Silesia
Societa delle Nazioni . League of Nations
Societa Segrete . secret societies
Sovranita . sovereignty
Spagna . Spain
Spartizione Polonica . Polish Partition
Stati Nazionali . Nation States
Stati Uniti . United States
Stato . state
lo Stato Pontificio . the Papal State
Suffragio Universale . universal suffrage
Svezia . Sweden
Svizzera . Switzerland

T
Tedeschi . the Germans
Teocrazia . theocracy
Terraferma . Venice's mainland possessons in Italy
Terrasanta . the Holy Land
Tiranneggia . tyranny
Toscana . Tuscany
Trattato . treaty
Triplice Alleanza . Triple Alliance
Turchi . Turks
Turchia . Turkey

U
Umanesimo . Humanism
Ungheria . Hungary
Unificazione d'Italia . Unification of Italy
Universita . university

V
Valdesi . Waldensians
Valtellina . in German : Veltlin
Venassino . Venaissin; County surrounding Avignon (SE France); possession of the Papal State until the French Revolution
Veneto . hinterland of Venice
Venezia . Venice
Vescovi . bishops
Viaggi . Travels
Vicere . viceroy
Vichinghi . Vikings
Volontari . volunteers

Z
Zurigo . Zürich, city in Switzerland







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