War of Burgundian Succession, 1477-1482

Duke Charles "the Bold" of Burgundy died in the Battle of Nancy in 1477. His only daughter Mary, in a previous agreement with Emperor Frederick III., was to mary Maximilian von Habsburg, the Emperor's son. In 1477 both were married; the Burgundian administration in Brussels regarded Mary the legitimate ruler.
Meanwhile, King Louis XI. of France had the Picardie, Vermandois, Artois and Hainaut occupied, treating them as fiefs which had 'fallen back' to the crown (despite Hainaut being part of the Empire, not of France). Future Emperor Maximilan, with a Burgundian army, defeated the French in the (First) Battle of Guinegate in 1479, expelling the French from Hainaut. The nobles and merchant cities of the Low Countries used the Habsburg-Valois conflict to attempt to regain the autonomy the Burgundian Dukes had infringed upon. On December 13th 1482, his wife Mary of Burgundy just had died, Maximilian I. signed the preliminary peace treaty of Frankfurt, with France.

The Tomb of Maximilian, from Hofkirche
Article Maximilian I., from BBKL, in German

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on April 8th 2004, last revised on November 17th 2004

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