Swedish War with Novgorod, 1475



The Kalmar Union, which united the Kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden under one king (residing in Copenhagen), since the Battle of Brunkeberg 1471 was, as far as Sweden was concerned, dissolved, while the Kings of Denmark continued to uphold their claim over Sweden.
Erik Axelsson Tott since 1457 was lord of the fortress of Viborg. In 1468, a peace treaty between Sweden and the Republic of Novgorod was concluded; the Novgorodians, however, continued to commit acts of violence. In 1471, the Republic of Novgorod recognized the sovereignty of the Grand Dukes of Muscovy over their territory; in 1478, the Republic was annexed into Muscovy.
In 1475, Erik Axelsson Tott Nyslott, also called Olofsborg, in Finlands interior, in contested territory. The Novgorodians regarded this a provocative act, and took countermeasures, which in turn caused Sweden to collect an extra tax in order to finance the defense of the country. In 1476 a peace treaty was signed.



EXTERNAL
FILES
Chronology of Sweden 1400-1499, posted by Ken Polsson
Totts första ryska krig 1475 (E. Axelsson Tott's first Russian War, 1475), from Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Bibliotek, in Swedish
Olofsborg, from Museiverket, in Swedish
DOCUMENTS
REFERENCE



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on April 9th 2004, last revised on November 17th 2004

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