The Second Huguenot War, 1567-1568

In the years since the PEACE OF AMBOISE (1563), the CARDINAL OF LORRAINE, a relative of the deceased Duke Francis de Guise (d.1563), had gained in influence; a hardliner, he argued for the resumed suppression of the Huguenots. When the mother of King CHARLES IX., CATHERINE DE MEDICI, on a tour through the French provinces, in 1567, at Bayonne, met the COUNT OF ALVA, who soon afterward would, as governor of the Netherlands, impose a harsh rule and ruthlessly persecute protestants, among France's Huguenots rumours went around that Alva and Catherine had agreed on a resumed persecution of the French Huguenots.
In the COUP OF MEAUX (1567) a group of Huguenot nobles attempted to take the king and his entourage hostage, in order to remove him from the influence of the Cardinal of Lorraine. The coup failed; it marks the beginning of the SECOND HUGUENOT WAR. In October the Huguenots took Paris; on November 10th 1567 they were defeated by the DUKE OF MONTMORENCY, who died of his wounds two days later. The Huguenots had to withdraw from Paris. In February-March 1568 the Catholic forces laid siege to Chartres. On March 23rd 1568 the PEACE OF LONGJUMEAU ended the war, largely on the line of the Peace of Amboise.

Timeline France under Charles IX., from Renaissance Amboise, in French
The Wars of Religion, from Le Poulet Gauche
Protestantism in France from the Death of Francis I. (1547) to the Edict of Nantes (1598), from History of Protestantism by J.A. Wylie, 1878; online book
Tragique souvenir du temps passe, from Notices Historiques in French; narrates the coup at Meaux
Seconde Guerre 1567-1568, from Protestants de Monflanquin sous l"ancien Regime, 1518-1789, in French
REFERENCE David Potter (ed., trsl.) : The French Wars of Religion, Selected Documents, New York : St. Martin's 1997

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on February 2nd 2003, last revised on November 17th 2004

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