The Fifth Huguenot War, 1576

French King CHARLES IX. had died in 1574; his brother, just crowned King of Poland, deserted his kingdom, sold the jewels of his Polish crown in Venice to finance his return to France, where he was crowned King HENRI III.
King HENRI OF NAVARRA in 1576 escaped from the French court, returned to Calvinist faith and raised an army, as did fellow Huguenot CONDE. They were joined by the Catholic HENRI DE MONTMORENCY, governor of the mostly protestant Languedoc, a relative of the Coligny family.
In the spring of 1576, an army 20,000 strong lead by Count-Elector of Palatinate JOHANN CASIMIR invaded France, siding with Navarre, Conde and Montmorency.
King Henri III. made concessions in the EDICT OF BEAULIEU (May 1576); Henri King of Navarra was appointed governor of Guyenne, Conde of Picardie; the royal treasury paid the costs of Johann Casimir's expedition.

France under Henri III., from Renaissance Amboise, in French
The Wars of Religion, from Le Poulet Gauche
Protestantism in France from the Death of Francis I. (1547) to the Edict of Nantes (1598), from History of Protestantism by J.A. Wylie, 1878; online book
Cinquieme Guerre 1576, from Protestants de Monflanquin sous l"ancien Regime, 1518-1789, in French
REFERENCE David Potter (ed., trsl.) : The French Wars of Religion, Selected Documents, New York : St. Martin's 1997
Video : Queen Margot, 1994, rated R, in French, English subtitles

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on February 3rd 2003, last revised on November 17th 2004

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