Morocco, Expulsion of the Portuguese from Safi, Agadir, Azemmour, 1541-1542

The Portuguese had established strongholds on the western coast of Morocco - they founded Agadir (1503), and Mazagan (1506/1514) and conquered Safi (1508), Azemmour (1502/1513). Safi was the administrative center, seat of a diocesis.
In 1522 the Saadian (Sa'did) Dynasty was established as rulers over Marrakech, as vassalls of the Wattasid Sultans of Fez. In 1541 Saadian Muhammad II. al-Shaykh ousted the Portuguese from Agadir; the Portuguese abandoned Safi that year. In 1542 Azemmour fell to the Saadians.
Mazagan was held by the Portuguese until 1769.

Article Safi, from, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Histoire, from Safi Ville, in French
Enrique el Navegante, from MGS, in Spanish
Safi, from Ibn Khaldun Website, in Spanish
Les Portugues a Azemmour, by M.J. Elbaz, in French
Article Marrakech, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Histoire de Ksar el Kebir, from Ksar el Kebir Online, in French
Article Mazagan, from EB 1911
El Jadida (Mazagan), from City Reference
Histoire d'El Jadida, from El Jadida Online. in French
DOCUMENTS Image of Safi 1572 (Braun-Hogenberg), from Historic Cities
Rulers of North Africa, from Regnal Chronologies, scroll down for Morocco
Rulers of Mazagan, Azemmour, Safi, Agadir, Alcacer Ceguer, from Qorld Statesmen

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on March 11th 2004, last revised November 18th 2004

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