Austria, 1648-1740 Royal Hungary, 1526-1683 Ottoman Hungary, 1526-1683 Transylvania, 1526-1683

Habsburg-Ottoman War, 1663-1664

A.) Prehistory of the Conflict

In Istanbul, Grand Vezier Ahmed Küprülü had implemented reforms which had made both the administration and the military more efficient. On the Hungarian front, the policy of expansion was resumed.

B) The War

After Transylvania was defeated, the Ottoman force of 100,000 turned on Hungary, took Nove Zamky (in Germ: Neuhäusel, in Hung.: Ersekujvar), close to both Pozsony (in Ger. Pressburg, in Slovak. Bratislava, then the capital of Royal Hungary) and Vienna. First, the Ban of Croatia, Miklos Zrinyi, leading Hungarian forces, later Habsburg General Montecuccoli, commanding an Imperial force, campaigned successfully; in August 1664, the Ottoman forces were defeated at Mogersdorf and St. Gotthard. Shortly after the Peace of Vasvar (in Ger.: Eisenburg) was concluded (August 10th), which conceded territorial gains to the Ottoman Empire.

C.) Legacy

Croatian Ban Miklos Zrinyi was dissatisfied with the way Vienna had conducted the war; he thought that the Ottoman Empire had gotten away easily. However, he died shortly after in a hunting accident.
Among the magnates in Royal Hungary, dissatisfaction with Habsburg rule remained. A conspiracy of Hungarian magnates caused the Habsburgers to have their leaders executed; this caused their supporters to rebel (Kuruc Rebellion); Royal Hungary remained unruly.

Biography of Count Miklos Zrinyi, from EB 1911
Military Tactician and General : Count Zrinyi, from A Thousand Years of the Hungarian Art of War, by Anthony Tihamer Komjathy, posted by Corvinus Library
Biography of Raimund Prince Montecuccoli, from aeiou
The Victory of Imperial Austria (1663-1664), from Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation
Türkenschlacht bei Mogersdorf (Battle against the Turks near Mogersdorf), from Burgenland
Article Mogersdorf, from aeiou
Die Sieben Türkenkriege der Habsburger (The Seven Habsburg-Turkish Wars), from Flacker-Seiten, scroll down for Der Ungenutzte Türkenkrieg, 1660-1664 (the unexploited Turkish War), in German
Die Schlacht bei Mogersdorf (the Battle of M.), by Rudolf Kiszling, in German

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 12th 2003, last revised on November 19th 2004

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