Monferrato War of Succession, 1613-1615



A.) Causes for the War

The Principality of Monferrato, located between Savoy-Piemont and (then Spanish) Milan, in 1612 became the object of a conflict over succession, when Duke Francesco of Mantua and Prince of Monferrato died in 1612, leaving behind only one daughter.


B.) The War

Both Spain and Savoy-Piemont claimed the principality; Duke Carlo Emanuele had Trino, Alba and Moncalvo occupied. the fortress of Casale was held by a French garrison (France supported the claim of the Duke of Nevers, from a Gonzaga sideline. In 1613, Savoy-Piemont declared war on Spain. When the Spanish threatened Turin, the Piemontese capital, in 1615, in the Peace of Asti, Charles Emmanuel renounced his claims on Monferrato. In 1617 the Spanish attacked again and occupied Vercelli, which they returned in the Peace of Paris.


C.) The Legacy

In 1713, following the War of Spanish Succession (1701-1713/1714) Monferrato was assigned to Savoy-Piemont, in the Treaty of Utrecht




EXTERNAL
FILES
Assedio di Canelli 1613 (Siege of Canelli), in Italian
Anno 1613, from Cronologia, in Italian
Notes on the History of Casale
The House of Gonzaga, Heirs to the Sovereign Marquessate of Mantua, from European Royal Houses
DOCUMENTS
REFERENCE Thomas J. Dandelet, Politics and the state system after the Habsburg-Valois Wars, pp.11-30 Geoffrey Symcox, The political world of the absolutist state in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, pp.104-122 in : John A. Marino (ed.), Early Modern Italy (Short Oxford History of Italy), Oxford : UP 2002



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on February 10th 2004, last revised on November 19th 2004

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