Piemontese Civil War, 1637-1642

In 1637, Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoy-Piemont died. His widow, Christine, sister of Louis XIII. of France, assumed the title of duchess-regent, in the name of her minor son, but her authority was contested by Victor Amadeus' brother Carlo Emanuele I. Civil War emerged; the French (Richelieu) siding with the madamisti (supporters of the regent), Spain supporting the principisti (supporters of Carlo Emanuele I.). In 1639, Christina and her son had to flee Turin. In 1640 a French army retook Turin. The war war terminated in 1642 with the ACCORD OF TURIN, mediated by Cardinal Mazarin, a compromise solution.

Anno 1637, Anno 1639, from Cronologia, in Italian
Chronologie, from Sabaudia.org, in French
Article Turin, from EB 1911
REFERENCE Geoffrey Symcox, The political world of the absolutist state in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, pp.104-122 in : John A. Marino (ed.), Early Modern Italy (Short Oxford History of Italy), Oxford : UP 2002

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First posted on February 10th 2004, last revised on November 19th 2004

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