Russia : Time of Troubles, 1598-1613 Russia : Early Romanovs, 1613-1689 Sweden, 1611-1654

Russo-Swedish War, 1611-1617

A.) The Military Course of Events

In 1611 the Swedish-Polish War (since 1600) was ended. With Russia in the midst of internal strife (the "Time of Troubles", a Swedish force took Kexholm, Russia's lands on the Baltic Sea and occupied Novgorod (1611). In 1613 a Russian force retook Novgorod; Swedish King Gustavus II. Adolphus himself then lead an army into Russia, but failed to take the city of Pskov. Peace negotiations were begun in 1615 and the TREATY OF STOLBOVO was signed Jan. 26th 1617.

B.) Peace Conditions, Legacy

Russia ceded Ingria and Kexholm Län to Sweden. Russia thus lost direct access to the Baltic Sea. For Sweden the Treaty of Stolbovo (or Stolbova) marks the beginning of an expansionist policy which would the country elevate to one of Europe's Great Powers.

Russisch-Schwedischer Krieg, 1613-1617 (Russian-Swedish War 1613-1617), from Kriege der Neuzeit (Wars of the Modern Era), in German
The Time of Trouble, from Olga's Gallery
History of Helyla, from Heliulia village, has passage on Russo-Swedish War
Kexholm, from Northern Fortress
Biography of Jakob de la Gardie, from SBH (Svenskt Biografiskt Handlexikon), in Swedish
Gustaf II Adolf, The Russian War, from Battles in Swedish History
DOCUMENTS Coins of the Swedish Protectorate of Novgorod, 1611-1617, from Rusty Pennies, a commercial site

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 26th 2003, last revised on November 18th 2004

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