Austria, 1648-1740 Hungary, 1683-1792 Transylvania, 1683-1790

The Kuruc Rebellion, 1703-1711

A.) Causes for the Rebellion

In 1683-1699 the Imperial forces had defeated the Ottoman forces and eliminated the Ottoman Empire as a political factor in Hungary. However, this feat did not alter the disposition of the Hungarian nobility toward the Habsburg administration.
When the War of Spanish Succession broke out in 1702, dissatisfied Hungarian magnates believed the time had come to free themselves from the Austrian yoke.

B.) The Kuruc Rebellion of 1703-1711

Lead by Ferenc II Rakoczy, the Kuruc rebelled in 1703; by 1704 they controlled Hungary. Rakoczy was electedc Duke of Transylvania, but exerted little influence there. The Kuruc even undertook cross-border raids into Austria.
Hopes invested in the French were destroyed by the Anglo-Austrian victory at Höchstädt in 1704 and further Austrian victories in Italy in 1706. The Treaty of Szatmar 1711 ended the rebellion; c. 12,000 former followers of Rakoczy promised to loyally support the Habsburg dynasty.

Article Kuruc Invasions, from aeiou Geschichte der Slowakei : Habsburg und die Reformation (History of Slovakia : Habsburg and the Reformation), from Slowakei Online, in German
The Fortress of Zamkova Hill. by Ihor Timofeyev

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 14th 2003, last revised on November 19th 2004

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