Isonzo Valley Peasant Revolt 1713




A.) The Pre-History of the Rebellion

The area affected by the revolt belonged to the County of Gorizia (in German : Görtz), which formed part of the Holy Roman Empire; since the early 16th century the county belonged to the Habsburg Dynasty. Located between the Republic of Venice, Carinthia and Carniola, the latter two also Habsburg possessions, the county was administrated as an annex to the latter two, thus part of "Innerösterreich" (Inner Austria). The County of Gorizia had an ethnically mixed population, partly Italian, partly Slovenian. Today, the larger part of the County of Gorizia, with Tolmin, belongs to Slovenia, the smaller part to Italy.
The War of Spanish Succession 1701-1714 had resulted in increased indirect taxation.


B.) The Military Course of Events

In 1713, in the village of Tolmin (in German : Tolmein) a rebellion broke out, against Jakob Bandel, a burgher of Gorizia, who, as tax-farmer, was responsible for the collection of the taxes. The rebellion spread throughout the County of Gorizia - the tax district of Jakob Bandel. The rebels then addressed matters going beyond taxation issues, such as feudal dues.
The insurrection was crushed by an Imperial force; 14 rebel leaders were decapitated.




EXTERNAL
FILES
Agriculture and trade in the Gorizia region in modern times: peasant rising in 1713 from the economic-historical perspective, English summary, from Annals for Istrian and Mediterranean Studies, 10, 1997, pp. 153-162, by Alexander Panjek
Tolmin - la terra delle acque vive, in Italian
Gemellaggi : il Comune di Tolmin, from Comune di Vicchio, in Italian
DOCUMENTS
REFERENCE



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on February 27th 2004, last revised on November 19th 2004

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