The First Anglo-Burmese War 1824-1826




A.) The Situation Preceding the War

Burma pursued a policy of expansion. In 1821-1822 the Burmese had conquered ASSAM; they prepared for an attack on BENGAL, held by the (British) EAST INDIA COMPANY (EIC).On February 24th 1824, Governor General Lord Amherst declared war on Burma.


B.) The Cource of Events

Bengali troops in the garrison of BARAKHPUR mutinied when ordered to fight in the Anglo-Burmese War.
British-Indian forces expelled the Burmese from Assam. At the Chittagong front, the EIC tropops made little progress, meeting determined Burmese resistance. A British-Indian naval expedition took RANGOON on May 11th 1824 (the city had been evacuated by the Burmese). In March 1824, a British expedition took the capital of Arakan.
A Burmese force 60,000 strong was defeated outside Rangoon in December, and in May 1825 a British force tool PROME, the capital of Lower Burma. A peace treaty was signed at Yandabo on February 26th 1826.
EIC forces had suffered significant losses, the larger part due to disease.

C.) Legacy

Burma had to cede Assam, Arakan and Tenasserim to the EIC. A British RESIDENT was to reside at Ava. MANIPUR was to be recognized as independent; Burma had to pay war indemnity. However, only in 1830 was a British resident accepted at Ava.


EXTERNAL
FILES
The First Anglo-Burmese War 1824-1826, from Itihaas
First Anglo-Burmese War 1824-1826, from regiments.org
James Paul, The First Burma War, from British Forces.com
Armed Conflict Events Data : Burma 1800-1999, from OnWar.com
DOCUMENTS



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on November 19th 2004

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