Rif War 1893-1894

The population of the Rif mountains, nominally under the control of the sovereignty of the Sultan of Morocco, harassed the Spanish foothold of Melilla. Spain took measures to fortify Melilla, which soon found herself under full-scale siege; the Spanish commander was killed. Spain, in November 1893, dispatched a force of 25,000 men, which broke the siege.
The Sultan of Morocco, in the Treaty of Fez 1894, promised to pay a war indemnity and to undertake a punishing expedition into the Rif. A militia based in Melilla was organized.

Article Melilla, from Encyclopedia of the Orient, from Wikipedia, from EB 1911
Resumen de la Historia de Melilla, by Francisco Mir Berlanga, in Spanish
The Rif War 1893, from ACED
La Guardia Civil en las Campanas de Melilla, from Historia y Milicia, in Spanish

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on March 7th 2004, last revised on November 17th 2004

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