First posted on August 24th 2004, last revised on April 2nd 2007






External Links : Links related to Egyptian Military History

For links on general military history sources, go to History of Warfare Main Page

Wars of Egypt 1800-1999, from ACED
List of Wars, from Wikipedia
The Ottoman Empire 1501-1808, 1796-1914, from World History Encyclopediaopedia, timeline
Egypt and Syria, 939-1500, from World History Encyclopedia, timeline
History of the Copts, from Copts.net
History of early Arab Egypt, from Fact Index
History of Ottoman Egypt, from Fact Index
Entry Egypt, from Military History Encyclopedia on the Web
Historical Background, from Egyptian Military Academy
Egyptian Air Force (history), from Scramble
Republic of Egypt: The Medal of Military Duty, posted by medals.org
United Kingdom: Egypt Medal 1882-89, posted by medals.org
Index of Campaign Medals, from Land Forces of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth, several entries pertaining to Egypt
Khedive's Sudan Medal 1910, from British Empire
Khedive's Sudan Medal 1896-1908, from British Military Medals
Egypt Military Index, from GlobalSecurity.org
Suez Canal Zone 1951-1954, Suez Operations 1956, from Britain's Small Wars
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Egypt, from ODM
Printed Reference

Erik Hildinger, Warriors of the Steppe, A Military History of Central Asia 500 B.C. to 1700 A.D., Da Capo (1997) 2001, pp.150-167 [G]
The Egyptian Campaign in the Hejaz, Sudan, Greece, Syria, 1812-1880, pp.276-284 in : G.S.P. Freeman-Grenville, Historical Atlas of Islam, NY : Continuum (1991) 2003 [G]



Wars affecting early Islamic Egypt, 641-969

639-641
645
654
725
739
750
815
828
831-832
891
914
919-921
Arab conquest of Egypt
Byzantines retook Alexandria; held it until 646
Byzantinian invasion fleet repelled
Revolt of Copts in the eastern Nile Delta, against Umayyad Rule (Per Capita Tax)
Coptic Revolt
Coptic Revolt
Coptic Revolt against Abbasid Rule (Per Capita Tax)
Coptic Revolt
Combined Coptic and Muslimic Revolt
Conflict between Islamic Egypt and Islamic Syria settled by peace
First Fatimid Invaasion of Egypt, from Kairouan
Fatimid invaders temporarily held on to Alexandria


Wars of Fatimid and Ayyubid Egypt, 969-1250

969
971
978
1068-1074
1118
1150
1163, 1167-1168
1164-1168
1174-1181

1176
1187
1218-1221
1244-1246
1249
Fatimid conquest of Egypt
Invasion from Damscus
Fatimid victory over Turks, Qaramita forces, conquest of southern Syria
Turkish invasion
Invasion by crusaders from the Kingdom of Jerusalem
Ascalon (Palestine) lost to crusaders
Crusader invasion of Egypt
Nur ad-Din, ruler over Damascus, defended Egypt against crusaders; seized Egypt in 1171, end of Fatimid rule
Saladin, Nur ad-Din's governor of Egypt, extended his control over Damascus, Aleppo, Mosul, established Ayyubid Dynasty
Revolt of the Copts of the city of Koptos
Battle of Hattin; Egyptian victory over crusaders; acquisition of Jerusalem
Repulsion of Fifth Crusade (fight over Damiette)
Khwarizmians invaded Syria-Palestine; were finally defeated by Ayyubids
crusaders temporarily took Damiette


Wars of Mamluk Egypt, 1250-1517

1258-1260
1276
1280
1281
1289
1291
1299-1303
1375
1377
1389-1390
1399
1400-1401
1405
1405-1412
1421
1426
1440
1444
1467
1485-1491
Mongol Invasion of Syria; Mamluk victory in Battle of Ain Jalut 1260 established Euphrates as border
Mamluk expedition into Nubia; conquest of christian kingdom of Dongola
Syrian attempt to secede suppressed
Mongolian Invasion repelled
Tripoli, crusader fortress, taken
Acre, last crusader strongholds in Palestine, taken
Mongol Invasion (Ilkhanate) defeated
Kingdom of Lesser Armenia conquered by Mamluks
Revolt in Syria, spread to Egypt
Civil War over throne, Burji Dynasty replaced Bahri Dynasty (est. 1382)
Ottoman Invasion of Mamluk Syria
Tamerlane's temporary conquest of Syria (Damscus, Aleppo)
Mamluks regained Syria
Rebellions against Mamluk Rule in Syria
Raid from Cyprus (crusader kingdom)
Mamluk Expedition against Cyprus
Mamluk conquest of Kastellorizon (Knights of St. John; returned 1445)
Mamluk Expedition against Rhodos
War with Ottoman Empire over Cilicia
War with Ottoman Empire over Cilicia


Wars affecting Ottoman Egypt 1517-1805

1516-1517
1523-1524
1557
1578-1589
1586
1589
1598
1601
1604
1609-1610
1623
1631
1711
1724
1770-1771
1775
1786
1798-1801
1801-1803
1803-1805
Ottoman Conquest of Syria, Egypt, Hejaz (Mamluk Sultanate)
Anti-Ottoman Revolt in Egypt
Ottoman occupation of Suakin, Massawa
Ottoman-Ethiopian War
Revolt of the Ottoman Army stationed in Egypt
Revolt of the Ottoman Army stationed in Egypt
Revolt of the Ottoman Army stationed in Egypt
Revolt of the Ottoman Army stationed in Egypt
Revolt of the Ottoman Army stationed in Egypt
Revolt of the Ottoman Army stationed in Egypt
Revolt of the Ottoman Army stationed in Egypt
Revolt of the Ottoman Army stationed in Egypt
Factional warfare in Egypt Egypt
Power truggle in Egypt
Renegade governor of Egypt, Ali Bey al-Kabir, took control of the Hejaz (1770) and Syria (1771)
Renegade tax farmer of Galilee, Zahir al-Umar, resisted Ottoman rule; in 1775 ousted by Egyptian forces
Ottoman expedition reestablished Ottoman rule in Egypt
French occupation of Egypt, siege of Acre
British Occupation of Alexandria
Power Struggle, in which Mehmet Ali was victorious (Egyptian Revolution)


Wars affecting Ottoman Egypt 1805-1882

1807
1811-1818
1820
1821-1822
1824
1824-1827
1827
1830
1831-1832
1831-1833
1834
1836-1838
1838-1841
1848
1866
1870
1871
1874
1875-1879
1881-1882
British Egypt Campaign
Egyptian war on the Wahhabis; in 1812-1813 expedition into Hejaz on behalf of Ottoman Empire
Egyptian conquest of the Sultanate of Funj
Rebellion against Egyptian rule in the Sudan
Rebellion in Upper Egypt
Egyptian expedition into Greece, on behalf of Ottoman Empire (Greek War of Independence)
Slave-raiding expedition into (non-Egyptian) southern Sudan
Slave-raiding expedition into (non-Egyptian) southern Sudan
Slave-raiding expedition into (non-Egyptian) southern Sudan
War with the Ottoman Empire; conrol over Syria, Hejaz gained
Rebellion in Palestine againt Egyptian rule
War with Abyssinia
War with the Ottoman Empire over Syria
War with Ethiopia
Egyptian Occupation of Suakin, Massawa (ceded by Ottoman Empire); M. evacuated 1884
Egyptian Occupation of Berbera, Zeila (evacuated in 1884)
Egyptian conquest of Bahr el-Ghazal, Equatoria
Expedition against, submission of Darfur
War with Abyssinia
Urabi Revolt


Wars affecting Egypt as a British Protectorate 1882-1922

1882
1882-1885
1896-1899
1899-1908
1910-1922
1914-1918
British shelling of Alexandria; suppression of the Urabi Revolt
War against the Mahdiyya
Expedition conquering the Sudan
Further Operations in the Sudan, among them Bahr el Ghazal 1900-1902
Operations in the Sudan (Zeraf 1913-1914, Darfur 1916, Nyima 1917-1918, Atwot 1918, Darfur 1921)
World War I


Wars of the Kingdom of Egypt, 1922-1952

1940-1942
1948-1949
World War II - from Italian Invasion to Battle of El Alamein
First Arab-Israeli War; Egypt acquired Gaza Strip


Wars of the Republic of Egypt

1955
1956
1961-1967
1967
1969-1970
1973
1977
1991
Israeli Raid on Gaza
Anglo-French-Israeli Invasion following the Nationalization of the Suez Canal by Egypt
Egyptian interference in North Yemen Civil War
Arab-Israeli War (Six Days War); loss of Sinai
Egyptian-Israeli border conflict (War of Attrition)
Arab-Israeli War (Yom Kippur War)
War with Libya
Second Gulf War; Liberation of Kuwait from Iraqi Occupation









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