Historical Atlas
First posted on April 18th 2004, last revised on November 16th 2004






External Links : Links related to Crimean Tatar Military History

For links on general military history sources, go to History of Warfare Main Page

List of Khans of the Crimean Tatars, from The Proceedings of the Friesian School
Kriege der Neuzeit, posted by Marcus A. König, in German
Polish Renaissance Warfare 1450-1699, by S.A. Jasinski
Timeline of the Crimean Tatars, from Xenophon
Russian Wars, from Xenophon
Printed Reference

Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall, Geschichte der Khane der Krim (History of the Khans of the Crimea), Amsterdam : (1856) Philo Press 1970; in German
Erik Hildinger, Warriors of the Steppe, A Military History of Central Asia 500 B.C. to 1700 A.D., Da Capo (1997) 2001, pp.197-217 [G]



1439-1475

1439
1449-1450
1456
1456
1465-1466
1466-1467
1472
1474
1475
War on the Genoese settlements in the Crimea
War with the Great Horde (Kazakhs)
Khan Hajji Giray temporarily replaced by Haydar Giray
Haydar Giray lead raids into Polish, Muscovite Territory
War with the Great Horde (Kazakhs)
Succession Conflict after death of Hajji Giray
Invasion of Muscovite territory
Mengli Giray took power
Ottoman Conquest of Genoese strongholds; submission of Crimean Khanate


1475-1624

1480
1482
1484
1485
c. 1489
1490-1492
1497-1500

1499-1503
1499-1502
1502-1503
1506

1512

1513
1514-1523
1524

1526-1532
1535
1537
1540-1542
1551
1551
1551-1577

. 1552
. 1571
1559
1577
1584
1584
1584
1586-1587
1589

1592-1606
. 1594-1595
. 1595
. 1598-1600
. 1602
1592-1593
1593

1595-1600

1598
1603-1612
1607-1611
1608
1612-1615
1615
1615-1618
1618-1621

1622-1623
1623-1631
1624
1624

War with Lithuania
War with Lithuania
Crimean Tatars aided Ottoman forces in the Conquest of Akkerman (Mauro Castro) from the Genoese
War with the Great Horde (Kazakhs)
Raids in christian lands
War with the Great Horde (Kazakhs)
War with Poland-Lithuania (Polish Invasion of Moldavia 1497) (1493-1503)
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1497)
War with the Great Horde (Kazakhs)
Crimean Tatars sacked Sarai (1502); final blow against the Kipchak Khanate; Great Horde submitted to Crimean Tatars (1503)
War with Muscovy
Tatars invaded Poland-Lithuania
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1506)
Tatars invaded Poland-Lithuania
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1512)
Tatars raided Muscovy
Raids of Muhammad Giray in Poland-Lithuania, Muscovy (1516, 1522), Kazan, Astrakhan
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1524)
Ottoman/Tatar invasion of Poland-Lithuania
Crimean Tatars supported Ottoman Turks in Campaign in Hungary
War with Muscovy, Kazan
War with Muscovy
War with Muscovy
On behalf of the Ottoman Empire Sahib Giray's Campaign against Circassians
Dawlat Giray took throne of Khan by force
Dawlat Giray's Campaigns in Russia (1550-1553, 1555-1556, 1558-1561, 1563-1566, 1568-1576), Poland-L. (1567), Circassia, Moldavia
. Raid of Russia (in front of Tula); attacked by Kazan
. Raid of Russia (Moscow sacked)
War with Nogai Tatars
Awdil Giray taken prisoner, died on Ottoman Campaign against Persia
Ottoman Expedition against Muhammad II Giray, who refused to join in a Campaign against Persia
New Khan Islam Giray defeated pretender Sa'adat Giray
Expedition to Moldavia against raiding Nogaians
War with Russia
Tatar raids into Poland-Lithuania
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1589)
Austro-Ottoman War
Crimean Tatars under Ghazi Giray II campaigned in Hungary, Walachia on behalf of Ottoman Sultan
Intrigues in Crimea against absent Khan
Crimean Tatars under Ghazi Giray II campaigned in Hungary on behalf of Ottoman Sultan
Crimean Tatars under Ghazi Giray II campaigned in Hungary on behalf of Ottoman Sultan
War with Russia
Polish Campaign against Crimean Tatars
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1593)
Polish Invasion of Moldavia and Walachia; Crimean Tatars fought Poles
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1595-1600)
War with Russia
Ottoman-Persian War
Crimean Tatar Raids into Russia
Fratricidal War over succession
Ottoman-Polish War with Crimean Tatar participation
Renewed Raids into Russia
Ottoman-Persian War; Crimean Tatars participate in 1617
Ottoman-Polish War; 1620 campaign in Moldavia, Poland; Cossacks attack Azov
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1618-1621)
Raids into Russia
Ottoman-Persian War
Ottoman Expedition into the Crimea defeated
Tatar raids into Poland
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1624)


1624-1683

1625-1627
1627-1628
1628
1631-1635
1632-1633

1635-1637
1636
1637
1640
1640
1641
1642-1644
1644-1645
1644

1646
1648
1648-1654
1651
1654

1655-1664
1657-1664
1661-1663
1663-1664
1667-1671

1671-1676

1676-1683
Crimean Tatars raided (Ottoman) Jedisan, Bessarabia; Ottoman-Polish War
Muhammad Giray III. deposed; Jani Beg Giray appointed Khan; expelled predecessor
Raid into Russia
War with Russia
Ottoman-Polish War
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1632-1633)
War with the Nogay Tatars
Crimean Tatars fought Ottoman garrison at Kaffa
War with Russia
Large raid into Poland-Lithuania
Raid into Russia
Crimean Tatars supported Ottoman forces in the (unsuccessful) siege of Asov, held by the Cossacks
War with Russia
Raids against the Circassians
Raids into Poland-Lithuania
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1644)
Raid into Russia
War with the Kalmyks
Crimean Tatars joined in the Cossack Rebellion against Poland-Lithuania
Conquest of Asov
Crimean Tatars fought alongside Poles against Russia
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1654)
War with Russia; temporarily (1658-1660) allied with Poles
Invasion of Kalmyks into Crimean Tatar territory
On behalf of Ottoman Sultan campaign against Walachia, Transylvania, Moravia
Austro-Ottoman War
Tatar Raids into Poland-Lithuania
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1667)
Ottoman-Polish War
. External Link, from Polish Renaissance Warfare (1667)
War with Russia (Ottoman-Russian War 1678-1681)


1683-1783

1683-1699
1685-
1687-1689
1695-1700
1702
1710-1711
1716-1718
1722-1724
1727
1729-1736

1732-1734
1735-1739

1737-1739
1768-1774
1781-1782
1787-1791
Austro-Ottoman War
War with Poland-Lithuania
War with Russia
Ottoman-Russian War; Campaign of Crimean Tatars against Nogay Tatars
Sultan deposed Dawlat Giray, appointed Selim Giray; Crimean and Nogay Tatars resisted
Ottoman-Russian War
Austro-Ottoman War
Ottoman-Persian War
Rebellion of the Bessarabia Nogay Tatars
Ottoman-Persian War
. Crimean Tatars ordered to support Ottoman forces
Tatar Raids into Russia
Russian-Ottoman War; continued Tatar Raids into Russia
. External Link : Timeline of Crimean History, from Xenophon
Austrian-Ottoman War
Russian-Ottoman War
Russian conquest of the Crimea
Russo-Ottoman War; Ottomans attempted to stir up Crimean Tatar Revolt









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